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Chapter 15
1. missionary
4. knight
7. heresy
10. plague
13. guild
16. serf
19. mass
22. trial jury
2. vassal
5. clergy
8. Inquisition
11. Reconquista
14. feudalism
17. scholastism
20. concordat
3. fief
6. vernacular
9. anti-Semitism
12. excommunicate
15. chivalry
18. theology
21. grand jury
1. Who was crowned the new Roman Emperor in A.D. 800 by the pope and
promoted education?
2. What did the Concordat of Worms do to the emperor’s power?
3. What allowed the Angles and Saxons to invade Britain?
4. Which Frankish king promoted education?
5. Why were the seas and rivers in Europe important?
6. What three groups invaded Europe between A.D. 880-900? Where were they
from? Which group had the greatest impact on Europe?
7. After the fall of the Roman Empire ______and ______ caused Western Europe to
be divided into multiple kingdoms.
8. Who helped the education and performed community service in medieval society?
9. The German king __________ was declared emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
by the pope.
10. The _____________ were Germanic people who settled the area known today as
11. In 1703, Gregory VII forbids kings from appointing
12. Describe Medieval cities. What could easily destroy a city? Why?
13. The ___________________ and __________________ were two farming
inventions of the Middle Ages that helped make turning the soil faster.
14. In medieval town, townspeople paid _____________ to the lord for basic rights.
15. What helped trade to resume in Europe in the 1100’s?
16. What was France’s first parliament called?
17. What happened as a result of the First Crusade?
18. How did the Magna Carta affect the king’s and the people?
19. Who attacked the Muslim Turks that launched the Crusades and the rights of
20. Who was crowned king of England after the Battle of Hasting?
21. What king established English common law? What is common law?
22. Who was the first czar of Russia and what was he called before being called czar?
23. ________________ was the Egyptian ruler who united Muslims and went to war
against the Christians.
24. The census taken in England by William the Conqueror was called the
25. _______________________ was forced to sign the Magna Carta in 1215.
26. Why was Moscow an important city during the Middle Ages?
27. Describe the features of a Gothic cathedral.
28. Who was Hildegard of Bingen?
29. Who ran the schools and hospitals in medieval Europe?
30. Women became more active in the Catholic Church during what period?
31. ________________ were large churches built during medieval times.
32. First European universities were created to educate ________________.
33. _____________________ was the founder of the first order of friars who helped
the poor and served as missionaries.
34. Which two countries fought in the Hundred Years’ War? Why?
35. How did the Black Death affect Europe’s economy?
36. The Black Death swept across _____________ and _______________ and killed
millions of people. How was the Black Death transmitted and along which trade
37. An example of a positive effect of the Black Death in Europe would be the rise of
the ___________ class.
38. Who was Joan of Arc?
39. What religious group did the Christians drive out of the Iberian Peninsula?