Chapter 15 Terms: 1. missionary 4. knight 7. heresy 10. plague 13. guild 16. serf 19. mass 22. trial jury 2. vassal 5. clergy 8. Inquisition 11. Reconquista 14. feudalism 17. scholastism 20. concordat 3. fief 6. vernacular 9. anti-Semitism 12. excommunicate 15. chivalry 18. theology 21. grand jury Questions: 1. Who was crowned the new Roman Emperor in A.D. 800 by the pope and promoted education? 2. What did the Concordat of Worms do to the emperor’s power? 3. What allowed the Angles and Saxons to invade Britain? 4. Which Frankish king promoted education? 5. Why were the seas and rivers in Europe important? 6. What three groups invaded Europe between A.D. 880-900? Where were they from? Which group had the greatest impact on Europe? 7. After the fall of the Roman Empire ______and ______ caused Western Europe to be divided into multiple kingdoms. 8. Who helped the education and performed community service in medieval society? 9. The German king __________ was declared emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by the pope. 10. The _____________ were Germanic people who settled the area known today as France. 11. In 1703, Gregory VII forbids kings from appointing ________________________. 12. Describe Medieval cities. What could easily destroy a city? Why? 13. The ___________________ and __________________ were two farming inventions of the Middle Ages that helped make turning the soil faster. 14. In medieval town, townspeople paid _____________ to the lord for basic rights. 15. What helped trade to resume in Europe in the 1100’s? 16. What was France’s first parliament called? 17. What happened as a result of the First Crusade? 18. How did the Magna Carta affect the king’s and the people? 19. Who attacked the Muslim Turks that launched the Crusades and the rights of people? 20. Who was crowned king of England after the Battle of Hasting? 21. What king established English common law? What is common law? 22. Who was the first czar of Russia and what was he called before being called czar? 23. ________________ was the Egyptian ruler who united Muslims and went to war against the Christians. 24. The census taken in England by William the Conqueror was called the _______________________. 25. _______________________ was forced to sign the Magna Carta in 1215. 26. Why was Moscow an important city during the Middle Ages? 27. Describe the features of a Gothic cathedral. 28. Who was Hildegard of Bingen? 29. Who ran the schools and hospitals in medieval Europe? 30. Women became more active in the Catholic Church during what period? 31. ________________ were large churches built during medieval times. 32. First European universities were created to educate ________________. 33. _____________________ was the founder of the first order of friars who helped the poor and served as missionaries. 34. Which two countries fought in the Hundred Years’ War? Why? 35. How did the Black Death affect Europe’s economy? 36. The Black Death swept across _____________ and _______________ and killed millions of people. How was the Black Death transmitted and along which trade route? 37. An example of a positive effect of the Black Death in Europe would be the rise of the ___________ class. 38. Who was Joan of Arc? 39. What religious group did the Christians drive out of the Iberian Peninsula?