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Anterior – front Posterior – back Also refers to an ‘aspect’ of the body. Nose is on the anterior aspect of the body. My Quad muscle is to my hamstring muslces. My tricep is to my bicep brachii. My pectoralis major is anterior to my abs? My trapezius is posterior to my glutes. Medial – towards midline Lateral – away from midline Aspect: Arms are on the lateral aspect. My fibula is to my tibia. My belly button is to my hip bone. My adductor longus is medial to my adductor brevis? My left arm is lateral to my right arm? Inferior – below Superior – above **Used for trunk and head structures. My shoulders are to my hips. My mouth is to my eyes. My right iliac crest is inferior to my left iliac crest? My sternum is superior to my thoracic spine? **Only used for extremities Distal – further from point of reference (trunk) Proximal – closer to point of reference (trunk) My wrist is to my elbow. My hamstring is to my calf muscle. My spleen is distal to my pancreas? My eyes are proximal to my mouth? Flexion – decreasing joint Extension – What plane do these movements take place in? › Sagittal increasing joint At which joints can F/E occur? › All Is it called something different at a joint? › Ankle = dorsiflexion & plantarflexion. Abduction – › All except elbow & movement away from midline Adduction – movement towards midline What plane do these movements take place in? › Frontal At which joints can Ab/Ad occur? knee Is it called something different at a joint? › Neck = lateral bending › Wrist = deviation › Torso = lateral bending › Ankle = inversion & eversion Internal Rotation – rotation towards midline Which joints can perform these movements? › Neck, Shoulder, rotation away from midline Torso, & Hip. External Rotation – What plane do these movements take place in? Tranverse Is it called something different at a joint? › Neck & Torso = Lateral rotation Why doesn’t the elbow rotate? › Actual joint is radioulnar joint. › Movement termed pronation & supination What is circumduction? › Combination of flexion, extension, adduction, & abduction. What joints can circumduct? › All but elbow and knee. How can the scapula move? › Protraction – lateral › › › › movement. Retraction – medial movement Elevation – superior movment Depression – inferior movement Rotation – medial and lateral rotation.