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Transcript
Anatomical Position and
Terms
Human Bio 11
Anatomical Position
Anatomical Position

Used to help describe the location of one
body part with respect to another.

Standing erect
Facing forward
Legs slightly apart
Palms forward



Terms

Superior – above, upper

Inferior – below, lower

Example:
The head is superior to the waist.

Terms

Anterior (Ventral) – towards the front

Posterior (Dorsal) – towards the back

Example:
Your nose is on the anterior surface of the
head.

Terms

Medial – closer to the imaginary midline


Lateral – further from the midline



Think medial is middle
Think towards the outside
Example:
The ears are lateral to the eyes.
Terms

Referring just to arms and legs:

Proximal – near the joint (point of attachment)

Distal – further from the joint (point of attachment)



Think distal is more distance
Example:
The thigh is more proximal to the knee, than the
foot.
Terms

Referring just to hands:

Pronation – the palms facing down or back

Supination – the palms facing up or front
Superior
Posterior
Anterior
Lateral
Medial
Proximal
Distal
Inferior
Work to Complete

Anatomical Terminology: Wisc Online

Anatomical Terms Worksheet