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Transcript
Useful Tips for Reducing the Risk of Unauthorized Access
for Network Cameras
Important
System administrators are advised to read.
Overview and Use of this Guide
Objectives
This guide provides additional information related to the Canon Network Cameras, and in particular, steps you
can take to enhance the secure operation of this device. This document will help you better understand how the
device functions and will help you feel confident that it operates, stores or transmits device data in a secure and
accurate manner, including any potential impact on security and network infrastructure.
We recommend that you read this document in its entirety and take appropriate actions consistent with your
information technology security policies and practices as an enhancement to your organization’s existing security
policies. Since security requirements will vary from customer to customer, you have the final responsibility to
ensure that all implementations, re-installations, and testing of security configurations, patches, and modifications
are appropriate and required for your environment.
Intended Audience
This guide is intended for use by network administrators, dealers and other business customers. In order to get
the most from this guide, you should have an understanding of:
• your network environment,
• any restrictions placed on applications that are deployed on that network, and
• the applicable operating system.
Limitations to this Guidance
This guide is meant to help you evaluate the device and the security of your network environment, but it cannot
be a complete information source for all potential customers. This guide proposes a hypothetical customer printer
environment; if your network environment differs from the hypothetical environment, your network administration
team and your dealer or Authorized Canon Service Provider must understand the differences and determine
whether any modifications or additional action is needed. Additionally:
• T
his guide only describes those features within the application that have some discernible impact to the
general network environment, whether it be the overall network, security, or other customer resources.
• T
he guide's information is related to the specified Canon device above. Although much of this information
will remain constant through the device life cycle, some of the data is revision-specific, and will be revised
periodically. IT organizations should check with their Authorized Canon Service Provider to determine the
appropriate deployment for your environment.
Thank you for purchasing Canon products. This document outlines how to protect network cameras from unauthorized
access from external networks. System administrators are advised to read through the document before use.
Preface
This document describes methods to prevent unauthorized access to Canon network cameras.
Four key points for preventing unauthorized access from external networks
1. Use Private IP addresses
2. Restrict communication by using firewalls
3. Protect network camera with passwords
4. Set SSL encrypted communication
NOTE
he methods and illustrations included in this document are provided for reference
T
only and may differ from the user’s network camera. For more details, please refer to
the Operation Guide included with the camera.
Use Private IP Addresses
An IP address is a numeric code assigned to a device on a network. There are two types of IP addresses: global IP
addresses, which are used for an Internet connection, and private IP addresses, which are used for local networks such as
on a company intranet. A global IP address can be accessed by anonymous users on the Internet. If a network camera is
assigned a global IP address, it becomes vulnerable to unauthorized access and viewing.
We recommend that network cameras employ a private IP address. The private IP address has to fall within one of the
following ranges:
Private IP address range
xx 10.0.0.0 – 10.255.255.255
xx 172.16.0.0 – 172.31.255.255
xx 192.168.0.0 – 192.168.255.255
Router
Global IP address: accessible from internet
Private IP address: inaccessible from internet
NOTE
ven if a network camera is assigned a global IP address, users can limit the
E
risk of unauthorized access through such means as establishing a firewall to
prevent access from an external network. Please consult with a corporate network
administrator when setting a global IP address for your network camera.
Restrict Communication by Using Firewalls
A firewall is a system that prevents not only access by external networks, but also attacks on and intrusions to a local
network. We recommend that network cameras be used on networks that employ a firewall.
IP addresses can also be filtered using the network camera’s access control features.
Network Camera IP Address Filtering
IP address filtering can be set up using the following method:
1. From the [Access Control] setting page, set [Enable] for the [Apply Host Access Restrictions,] located within the [IPv4
Host Access Restrictions] or [IPv6 Host Access Restrictions] section.
2. Set the [Default Policy] to either [Authorize Access] or [Prohibit Access].
3. If the [Default Policy] has been set to [Authorize Access], you must enter the host or network to be blocked into the
[Network Address / Subnet], and select [No]. If the [Default Policy] has been set to [Prohibit Access], you must enter the
host or network that is authorized for access into the [Network Address / Subnet], and select [Yes].
–– Individual networks or hosts can be filtered by setting the subnet.
NOTE
xx Some network cameras do not support IP address filtering.
xx The network camera’s setting page can be accessed as follows:
1. Launch the Web browser.
2. Input the network camera’s IP address into the address bar.
3. The Top Page for the camera will be displayed. Click [Setting Page].
Protect Network Camera with Passwords
Canon’s network cameras offer three user settings: Administrator, Authorized User and Guest User. The Administrator and
Authorized User accounts are password protected. The risk of unauthorized access can be reduced by allocating each
user with the proper authorization level.
The Administrator is a user that has been given complete authorization. The [Setting Page] and the [Administration Tools]
are only accessible to the Administrator.
Authorized Users can be registered on the setting page: [Access Control] > [Authorized User Account].
On the setting page, access privileges for Authorized Users and Guest Users can be set in [Access Control] > [User
Authority]. Please check the boxes for authorized privileges.
Privileged Camera Control
Can launch the Administrator Viewer
Camera Control
Can control the camera with the VB Viewer
Video Distribution
Can view video with the VB Viewer
Audio Distribution
Can receive audio within the VB Viewer, as well as the
Administrator Viewer
By prohibiting all privileges for Guest Users, they will not be able to access the camera and will not be required to enter a
password.
Important
xx Please make sure to change the Administrator password from the default setting.
xx For security reasons, please change the password on a regular basis.
xx Please set a password that is difficult for others to guess.
xx Settings may differ by network camera model.
Set SSL Encrypted Communication
By installing a server certificate in the network camera, users can ensure safe SSL encrypted communications when
accessing the Canon network camera via a Web browser.
The structure of SSL communication (see figure on right):
1. When a user accesses a network camera from their
computer, the server certificate for SSL and the public key
for the server are requested.
2. The certificate and the public key are sent to the user’s
computer from the network camera.
3. Using the public key received from the network camera,
a unique common key is generated and encrypted on the
user’s computer.
4. The encrypted common key is sent to the network camera.
5. The network camera uses the private key to decode the
encrypted common key.
6. The user’s computer and the network camera both
possess the common key and can send/receive data using
the common key.
1. Request
Access
2. Certificate
Authentication
Generate Common Key
Network Camera
Server Certificate
Public Key
3. Encrypt with Public Key
Key Pair
Private Key
Encrypted Common Key
4.
Encrypted Common Key
5. Decode with Private Key
Common Key
6. Communicate with
Common Key
How to Set SSL Encrypted Communication on the Network Camera
The following procedure enables SSL encrypted communication to be set up using a Self-Signed Certificate on a Canon
network camera:
1. On the setting page, enter information into [SSL/TLS] > [Certificates], click [Apply] and [Exec.] A Self-Signed Certificate
and Public Key will be created by the network camera.
2. Select [Encrypted Communications] > [SSL Communications] > [Enable], and click [Apply and reboot]. The network
camera will reboot and the Self-Signed Certificates will be enabled.
3. Access the network camera from the computer using HTTPS.
SSL encrypted communications using a Common Key will start.
NOTE
Some network cameras do not support SSL encrypted communication.
Important
The
server certificate created using this procedure is a Self-Signed Certificate.
For security reasons, please only use Self-Signed Certificates in situations where
complete security is not necessary, such during testing. When using the network
camera, we recommend that users obtain and install a certificate from the CA
(Certification Authority).
©© CANON INC. 2015