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Transcript
Present Perfect
El presente perfecto
The present perfect tense is used
when speaking of a past event
without reference to any particular
time.
It brings the action right up the
present.
Present Perfect examples
in English:
I have arrived.
We have eaten.
You have danced the tango.
He has visited Spain.
The present perfect is called a
compound tense because it consists
of two parts.
Compound Tense = Verb tense with two
parts
The present perfect has two
parts:
1. the present tense of haber
2. a past participle
conjugation of haber + past
participle = present perfect
Haber - to have
(auxiliary, helping verb)
yo
tú
él/ella/ud.
he (I have)
has (you have)
ha (he/she has)
hemos
nosotros
(we have)
han
ellos/ellas/uds.
(they/you all have)
Past participle
indicates a past or completed action
mplos: walked, ran, built, studied, worked, lived, moved,
In Spanish, the past participle is formed
by adding -ado to the stem of -AR verbs
and -ido to the stem of -ER and -IR verbs.
Ejemplos
caminar (to walk)
caminado (walked)
llegar (to arrive)
llegado (arrived)
comer (to eat)
comido (eaten)
tener (to have)
tenido (had)
vivir (to live)
vivido (lived)
The verb haber and the past participle
are NEVER separated in a Spanish
sentence.
haber
past
participle
Now that you know the conjugations of haber
and how to make a past participle, it is time to
combine the two to make the present perfect
tense:
Present Perfect
Examples:
He llegado (I have arrived)
Has comido (you have eaten)
Él ha salido (he has left)
ella ha olvidado (she has forgotten)
hemos bebido (we have drank)
Ellos han vivido (they have lived)
Uds. han llorado (You all have cried)
Expressions frequently used with the
present perfect:
ya - already, yet
todavía no - not yet
hasta ahora - until now, so far
jamás - ever, never
nunca - never
Checking for
Understanding
When and why would you use the
present perfect tense?
when speaking of a past
event without reference to
any particular time
Give an English example of the
present perfect tense
What is a compound
tense?
verb tense
consisting of
two parts
What are the two parts of the
present perfect tense?
haber + past participle
Please conjugate:
Haber - to have
yo
tú
él/ella/ud.
he (I have)
__
___
has (you have)
__
ha (he/she has)
hemos
____
nosotros
(we have)
___
han
ellos/ellas/uds.
(they/you all have)
What does the past
participle express?
a past or completed action
Please give an example of a past
participle in English.
To form the past participle in Spanish,
what ending to you put after the stem of
an -AR verb?
ado
To form the past participle in Spanish,
what ending to you put after the stem of
an -ER verb?
ido
To form the past participle in Spanish,
what ending to you put after the stem of
an -IR verb?
ido
What is the past participle of the verb below?
comprar
comprado
What is the past participle of the verb below?
correr
corrido
What is the past participle of the verb below?
vivir
vivido
Please translate the following to English:
Yo he viajado a México.
I have traveled to Mexico.
Please translate the following to English:
Tú has llegado a mi
fiesta.
You have arrived at my party.
Please translate the following to English:
Ella no les ha hablado.
She has not spoken to them.
Please translate the following to English:
Ricardo no me ha
hablado.
Ricardo has not spoken to me.
Please translate the following to English:
Mis padres han ido al
aeropuerto.
My parents have went to the airport.
Please translate the following to Spanish:
Sophia has arrived.
Sophia ha llegado.
Please translate the following to Spanish:
The dog has eaten the
pork chop.
perro ha comido la chuleta de cerdo
Please translate the following to Spanish:
I have walked in a
parade.
He desfilado.
Please translate the following to Spanish:
We have spoken
Spanish.
Hemos hablado español.
El fin