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Geographer’s World
Chapter 2
A. One World
• Pangaea (Alfred Wegener) –
Super continent where all the
continents were connected
• Tectonic Plates – Caused the
continents to move and drift
• Creates earthquakes and
B. Five Themes
• 1) Location
• Absolute Location – Exact spot on earth
where a place is found
• Also known as site
• Latitude – Lines that run parallel to the
• Show distant north and south of the
• Longitude – Lines that run
between the North and South
• Show the distance east and
west of the prime meridian
Where in the World?
• Relative Location – Location in
relation to other places
• Also known as situation
• Question: Why is Stanton located
where it is today?
• 2) Place
• What a place is like
• Type of climate, landform,
and body of waters, and
animals of a place
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
• 3) Region – Places that have physical and
human characteristics in common
• Geographers divide the world into regions
to make studying it easier
• Natural Regions – Region determined by
plant, animal, and climate
• Cultural Regions – Region determined by
language, custom, and traditions
• 4) Movement
• Migrate – To move from one country
to another
• When people move to new places they
bring their culture with them
• Change the place they move into
Push and Pull Factors
• Push Factors – Problems in one place to
force people out
– Poverty, overcrowding, lack of jobs,
prejudice, war
• Pull Factors – Advantages in one place
that cause people to move there
– Education, freedom, rights, and safety
Passenger Train in Germany
• 5) Human-Environment Interaction
• People often adapted their way of life to
the natural resources and local
• People also change their surroundings in
order to suit their needs
• Examples include building a dam, driving a
car or turning on an air conditioner
Eskimo Igloo