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Transcript
Geography
Geography is the
_______________________
Where are things ______________?
Why are they __________?
Location
Location: where a place is…
• Cardinal Directions: _______, ________, ________, ________
• Intermediate Directions: lie between cardinal directions;
northeast
• Name them:
Location
Latitude (parallels): distance north or south of the Equator
Equator = 0°
Longitude (meridians): distance east or west of the Prime
Meridian
Prime Meridian = 0°
Location
Hemispheres are _____________________
Equator divides Earth into ____________and
_______________hemispheres
N
S
Prime Meridian divides the Earth into __________and
_______________hemispheres
North Pole = 90° N
South Pole = 90° S
W E
Location
Longitude Lines + Latitude Lines = Global Grid
_____________
________________
Global Grid Map
Alpha-numeric Grid
Location
Absolute Location: ___________ location
• Savannah, Georgia is located at 32° N, 81° W
• The White House is at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue
Relative Location: location of a place simply related to
another place
• Tallahassee is about 400 miles northwest of Miami
• To get to the Mini Mart, head ¼ mile west, turn right at
the lights…
Place
Place: An area that is defined by everything in it. All places
have features that give them personality and distinguish
them from other places at a specific location (or spot)
• Human (characteristics) Features: Man-made
• Physical (characteristics) Features: Nature
Human Features
Music
Beliefs
Clothing
Religion
Food
Languages
Physical Features
Climate
Landforms
Plants
Animals
Natural Resources
Regions (made up of places)
Regions: groups that are defined by certain similar characteristics:
• population, history, climate, landforms, etc.
Country: common national history
City or country: common government
School District: common school system
Land can be divided into regions that share:
Formal features ----Regions in western United States include the Rocky Mountains and
Mojave Desert (landforms).
-- Regions in Mexico include that specific city’s population (Mexico
City’s population is 23,000,000 people and still increasing)
Functional features
---newspaper service area, cell phone coverage area
Human-Environment Interaction
Human-Environment Interaction: explores how
people affect their ________________, or natural
surroundings and how the ________________
affects them.
 Cut trails into mountains
 Learned to survive with little water
Human-Environment Interaction
Decisions People Make to Adapt to Environment:
-We __________ on the environment
For example, people depend on the Mississippi River for
water and transportation
-We _________the environment by heating
and cooling buildings for comfort
-We ___________to the environment by wearing
clothing suitable for summer (shorts) and winter
(coats), rain and shine.
Movement
Movement: explains how people, goods, and ideas get from
one place to another
What happens in one place affects what happens in another
- _____________ Movement
Trucks, Trains, Planes, Auto
- _______________ (Technology) Movement
Phones, computer (email), mail
- ___________ Movement
How do fads or cultural traditions move from
place to place?
TV, Radio, Magazines
Push Factors: causes a person to leave a particular area
Pull Factors: causes a person to come into a particular
area
Push Factors
Pull Factors
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Movement
Movement: explains how people, goods, and ideas get from one place to another
What happens in one place affects what
happens in another
- HUMAN Movement
Trucks, Trains, Planes, Auto
- INFORMATION (Technology)
Movement
Phones, computer (email), mail
- IDEA Movement
How do fads or cultural traditions
move from
place to place?
TV, Radio, Magazines
Push Factors: causes a person to leave a particular area
Pull Factors: causes a person to come into a particular
area
Push Factors
War
Sickness (Epidemic)
No Jobs
Bad Weather/Climate
-Few Natural Resources
-Restrictions on Religion
-Government Control
Pull Factors
Job Openings
Good Weather/Climate
-Lots of Natural
Resources
-Exploration
-Money
-Freedom
Remembering the 5 themes
If you
can’t
remembering
what they
If you
can’t
remembering
whatare
just just
ask MR.
HELP!!!
they are
ask MR.
HELP!!!
____
–
Movement
____ – Movement
____ – Regions
____ – Regions
____ – Human Environment interaction
____
– Human
Environment interaction
____
– Location
____
– Location
____Place
____- Place