Byzantium Becomes the New Rome SPLITS • Capital = Constantinople • Continued as the New ROME • Kings saw themselves to still be considered ROMAN emperors Byzantine Empire Constantinople • Survived because it was far away from the Germanic tribe invasions • It was the crossroads of trade so it was successful • Preserved GrecoRoman culture Justinian • Justinian was a serious emperor who worked from dawn to midnight • He helped rebuild and re-conquer Rome • Had ABSOLUTE POWER = controlled both government and church Byzantine Under Justinian • He wanted a re-conquest of the Roman territories that were lost through Germanic invasions Justinian’s Accomplishments • Sent Best general Belisarius to take North Africa from the Vandals • 2 Years later Belisarius took Rome back from the Ostrogoths • Justinian won back nearly all the territory Rome used to rule. Justinian Code • Justinian set up a panel of legal experts to look through 400 years of Roman law. –Some laws were outdated –Justinian wanted to create a single, uniform code • This became known as the Justinian Code that was used for 900 years after his death Justinian Expands Trade • The main street that ran through Constantinople was called the MESE which means “Middle Way” –It ran from the imperial palace to the outer walls Justinian Expands Trade • There was a giant open-air market where shoppers could buy –Tin from England –Wine from France –Cork from Spain –Ivory and gold from Africa Byzantium Preserves Learning • Families valued education –Sent children to monastic or public schools –Hired private tutors –Greek and Latin grammar, philosophy and rhetoric • They preserved Greek and Roman great works Justinian’s Building Program • Launched the most ambitious public building program the Roman world had ever seen. • City protected by a deep moat, and three walls that were 25 feet thick • City coast was surrounded by a 14-mile stone wall The Hagia Sophia • Justinians’ most splendid building • Christian church later taken by the Muslims In 1054 A.D., the Orthodox Christian Church officially split from the Roman Catholic Church in the Great Schism Byzantine Influence on Russia • The Byzantine Empire greatly influenced Russia. • Byzantine missionaries established Orthodox Christian churches in Russia. • Byzantine missionaries even created an alphabet, the Cyrillic alphabet, to write the Bible in Russian.