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Judaism Over the Centuries Revolt Against Rome Zealots- Most rebellious of the Jews Believed they didn’t have to answer to anyone but God. Refused to obey Roman officials AD 66- The Jews, led by the Zealots, revolted Jews’ revolt was unsuccessful Revolt Against Rome Revolt lasted 4 years Caused terrible damage Jerusalem lay in ruins Romans burned the Jews second temple during the last days of fighting Revolt Against Rome After the temple was destroyed most Jews lost their will to fight and gave up But 1,000 Zealots refused to give up. They locked themselves in a mountain fortress called Masada. Roman rulers were furious and sent 15,000 soldiers to capture them Revolt Against Rome It took the Romans two years to reach the Zealots Once the Romans reached the fortress, the Zealots killed themselves instead of becoming Roman slaves Results of the Revolt Romans killed much of Jerusalem’s population Took many of the survivors as slaves Romans took over Jerusalem Many Jews left and resettled in Egypt and other Jewish communities in the Roman empire A Second Revolt 60 years later, the Jews tried another revolt The Roman army defeated the Jews Romans banned all Jews from living in Jerusalem All Jews caught living there would be killed Jewish migration increased Traditions and Holy Days Hanukkah- a holiday that celebrates the rededication of the second temple during the revolt of the Maccabees The Maccabees wanted to celebrate their great victory According to legend they did not have enough oil to perform the rededication ceremony Hanukkah Miraculously the oil the had, enough to only last 1 day burned for 8 full days! Today Jews light candles in a special candle holder called a menorah The 8 branched represent the 8 days the oil burned Most Jews exchange gifts each night of Hanukkah Celebrated in December Passover More important than Hanukkah A time to remember the exodus Celebrated in March or April Only bread is eaten during Passover Questions Who won the battle at Masada? What happened to the Zealots? After the Jews were defeated a seconf time by the Romans, what happened to them? What does Hanukkah celebrate? What event does Passover celebrate?