Download Learning Theories - Office of Distance Education

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Classroom management wikipedia, lookup

B. F. Skinner wikipedia, lookup

Instructional scaffolding wikipedia, lookup

Educational technology wikipedia, lookup

Problem-based learning wikipedia, lookup

Inquiry-based learning wikipedia, lookup

Implicit learning wikipedia, lookup

Learning disability wikipedia, lookup

Learning styles wikipedia, lookup

Albert Bandura wikipedia, lookup

Project-based learning wikipedia, lookup

Educational psychology wikipedia, lookup

Cooperative learning wikipedia, lookup

Learning wikipedia, lookup

Differentiated instruction wikipedia, lookup

Concept learning wikipedia, lookup

Constructivist teaching methods wikipedia, lookup

Learning theory (education) wikipedia, lookup

Learning through play wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Learning Theories
Catherine Mendoza
June 27, 2008
Project II
Cognitive Theories
• Learning is a process of relating new
information to previously learned.
• Knowledge is organized.
• Individuals are actively involved in
the learning process
Behaviorist Theories
Organisms are born as blank slates.
• Learning is learning is largely the
result of environment events.
• The most useful theories tend to be
parsimonious ones
Vygotsky and his Social
Cognition
• Two sorts of child’s intellectual are:
• First, children acquire the content of
their thinking, that is, their
knowledge.
• Second, the process if their thinking
is the tools of intellectual adaptation.
B.F. Skinner and his
Behaviorism
• Two different types of conditioning.
• Classic conditioning: When a natural reflex
responds to a stimulus ( animal and people are
wired).
• Operant conditioning: When a response to a
stimulus is reinforced.
• Skinner used techniques to teach pigeons to
dance and bowl a ball.
B.F. Skinner
ways of teaching
• Behaviorism is often used
by teachers, who reward
or punish student behavior.
• The learner should be able
to put together his own
response rather than
select from alternatives.
• The success of such a
machine depends on the
material used in it.
Vygotsky Impacts
Learning
• Curriculum: Children learn
through interaction
between learner and
learning.
• Instruction: Children can
perform tasks that they
are incapable of completing
on their own.
• Assessment: Children can
do on their own is their
level of development.
Educational Behaviorist
• Behavior changes can confirm that
learning has taken place.
• Student learn when they actually
have a chance to behave.
• Rewards or reinforcement for
learning
Educational Cognitive
• Cognitive processes influence
learning.
• Children organize the things they
learn.
• People control their own learning.
Web Sites
• html: file://P:\EHS\Cognitive Learning Theory
• http://suedstudent.syr.edu/~ebarrett/ide621/behavior.htm
• http://www.funderstanding.com/vygotsky.cfm
• http://www.funderstanding.com/behaviorism.cfm