Theme: Implementation Issues Addressed: Benefits, Implementation
... increments that provide students a firm, factual foundation in content. This macro level design constructs the
path for deep learning to emerge. At the same time, teachers in the program must be adept at scaffolding at
the micro level by providing instruction and assistance that challenges and motiv ...
... Different definitions from different fields
• Process by which the brain reacts to stimuli
by making neuronal connections that act as
an information processing circuit and
provide information storage (Koizumi, 2003)
• Significant changes in capability,
understanding, attitudes or values of
Learning Theories - Office of Distance Education
... B.F. Skinner
ways of teaching
• Behaviorism is often used
by teachers, who reward
or punish student behavior.
• The learner should be able
to put together his own
response rather than
select from alternatives.
• The success of such a
machine depends on the
material used in it.
ESOL practicum paperwork
... The candidate has demonstrated the ability to establish a classroom climate conducive to
_____ a. Using predictable routines and signals to communicate expectations.
_____ b. Lowering the affective filter of second language learners.
_____ c. Sensitive error correction (of meaning befor ...
Complex Instruction - ELL Best Practices
... groups in order to obtain the participation of all children in the work of the group. There
are two major status treatments in CI. The first is using multiple ability curriculum,
curriculum that is designed is such a way as to require the use of a variety of cognitive
abilities (eg. making a list, d ...
... In the mid-to-late 1980s there was a flurry of papers on various types of explanation-based
techniques being applied to learning how to perform actions by observing human performance in a domain. For example, in 1987, Segre demonstrated a system that would observe
a human solving a single robot-asse ...
A Quick Tour of Educational Theories and Models
... modelling, coaching, scaffolding, articulation, reflection and exploration. These
methods enable students to cognitive and metacognitive strategies for “using,
managing, and discovering knowledge”
Experts (usually teachers or mentors) demonstrate a task explicitly. New students or
PowerPoint Presentation - Introduction to Differentiated Instruction
... • Differences are studied as a basis
• Assessment is on-going and
diagnostic to to make instruction
more responsive to learner needs
• Focus on multiple forms of
intelligences is evident
• Student readiness, interest, and
learning profile shape instruction
... BETWEEN TWO POINTS.
• In the first case it indicates the learner’s ability to synthesis
previous knowledge into one diagram where as in the
second outcome learners should be able to apply their
previous knowledge in connecting the two points. When
using active verbs identify the context in which the ...
Types of Curriculum Modifications Used to Alter Instruction
... • Provide learner with more independent work time if smallgroup activities become overstimulating
• Rearrange the schedule so that the learner with ASD gets
free time after each work activity
Materials are modified so that
• Secure worksheet to a clipboard if the learner has difficulty
learners can ...
... MLH goes on to get several more
The kids are apparently having difficulty
with Question 1 under
What is formative assessment?
... (1) current perceptions of the task and the physical, social, and
instructional context within which it is embedded; (2) activated
domain-specific knowledge and (meta)cognitive strategies
related to the task; and (3) motivational beliefs, including
domain-specific capacity, interest and effort belie ...
Educating Students with Significant Disabilites
... Strengthening the interactive relationship between the caregiver and the
All young children learn through play
They need to be encouraged to explore their environment and objects in
That all very young children learn by being active, rather than passive
Hey, Teach! `Lo Learner!
... Addresses pt’s desire or willingness to learn
Physical & cognitive abilities, developmental
level, physical wellness, thought processes
... Encourage learner construction of information and projects
Use discovery or guided discovery approaches
Have a foundation in situated cognition and its associated notion of
Rubrics for Statements of Teaching Philosophy
TEL 315 Resiliency Talk
... individuals. Language is absolutely critical for
cognitive development. A child’s thought
processes are internalized versions of social
interactions that are largely verbal in nature.
Places greater importance on interactions with
adults and other more advanced individuals.
Flipped Classroom - "C. Marchesi" – Mascalucia
... Class activities may include: using math manipulatives and
emerging mathematical technologies, in-depth laboratory
experiments, original document analysis, debate or speech
presentation, current event discussions, project-based
learning, and skill development or concept practice.
... comprehensible input in the target language.
Ellis (1994, 2001) also suggested that the
consciousness raising tasks appear to be an effective
type of classroom activity.
Norris and Orgeta (2000) believed that explicit
types of instruction are more effective than implicit
types, and the instruction e ...
... In form-focused ICALL, the interaction workflow
proceeds as follows:
In response to some prompt or question by the tutor,
Setting Up Interesting Learning Opportunities
... All of the strategies that we’ve discussed are ways that teachers
can use to create interesting learning opportunities for children
who might not otherwise be interested in practicing a skill.
The purpose or end result of each of these strategies is to draw a
child into a learning situation. It’s im ...
LearningTaxonomiesElmendorf - the Biology Scholars Program
... First, learning taxonomies can be used to design better assessments.
At the most basic level, this means aligning questions on an assignment or exam with a
learning taxonomy to ensure that the questions you are asking accurately represent the
full range of expected levels of student understanding. ...
Final Learning Theorists
... Behaviorism theories define learning as “semi-permanent change in behavior.” In other
words, learning has only taken place if a change in behavior is evident (Innovative LearningBehaviorism 2013). The Behaviorist pedagogy aims to promote and modify observable behavior.
It considers learning to be a ...
Lifelong learning: overcoming the language barrier at the Vaal
... learners to engage in the process of critical thinking if they can barely construct a sentence or
paragraph, or for that matter analyse a text and argue a point in a language which is not their
mother tongue (van den Berg, 2000). Language development is thus important, not only in
itself but also du ...
Constructivism Definition Constructivism is a philosophy of learning
... concepts for understanding and responding to physical experiences within his or her environment.
Piaget further attested that a child's cognitive structure increases in sophistication with
development, moving from a few innate reflexes such as crying and sucking to highly complex
Instructional scaffolding is a learning process designed to promote a deeper level of learning. Scaffolding is the support given during the learning process which is tailored to the needs of the student with the intention of helping the student achieve his/her learning goals (Sawyer, 2006).Instructional scaffolding is the provision of sufficient support to promote learning when concepts and skills are being first introduced to students. These supports may include the following:resourcesa compelling tasktemplates and guidesguidance on the development of cognitive and social skillsUse of instructional scaffolding in various contexts:modeling a taskgiving adviceproviding coachingThese supports are gradually removed as students develop autonomous learning strategies, thus promoting their own cognitive, affective and psychomotor learning skills and knowledge. Teachers help the students master a task or a concept by providing support. The support can take many forms such as outlines, recommended documents, storyboards, or key questions.