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Transcript
The U.S. Civil War
Abraham Lincoln
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•
•
•
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Elected President of the U.S. in 1860
First Republican to be elected President
16th President of the US
Deepened sectionalism
“Government cannot endure permanently
half slave and half free…”
Jefferson Davis
• President of the Confederate States of
America
North versus South
• The Confederate states of America
included 11 states
• The south had a population of 9 million
people. This included 4 million slaves
• The Union was comprised of 24 states
• The population was 20 million people
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
• Was offered the command of Union forces
but returned to his homestate of Virginia
• Surrendered to Grant at Appomattox
Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
• Given command after a series of victories,
including Vicksburg
• Hi plan was to concentrate on Sherman’s
march through Georgia and his own assault
in Virginia
Fort Sumter
• April 12, 1861
• Charleston, South Carolina
• Confederates open fire on the fort,
beginning the Civil War
Antietam
1862
• First major battle in the North (Maryland)
• Bloodiest single one day battle- 23,000
casualties
• McClellan fails to destroy Lee’s army
• Lincoln issues the Emancipation
Proclamation after Antietam
• The draft began to meet the demand for
soldiers
Emancipation Proclamation
• Jan 1, 1863 – issued by President Lincoln
freeing all slaves in Confederate states and
emphasizes the enlisting of black soldiers
in the Union Army. The war to preserve
the Union now becomes a revolutionary
struggle for the abolition of slavery.
Gettysburg
• July 1-3 1863
• 92,000 Union troops/76,000 Confederate
troops
• Pennsylvania
• Turns the tide of war with the union
victory
• The greatest single battle of the Civil War
Aftermath at Gettysburg
•
Vicksburg
•
•
•
•
July 4, 1863 (May-July)
Confederates surrender to General Grant
This split the Confederacy in two.
This victory gave the Union control of the
Mississippi River.
Lee’s Surrender
• April 9, 1865
• Small Virginia town of Appomattox Court
House
• Grant gave generous terms of surrender
– Confederates could return home
– Were allowed to take private possessions and
horses
– Food was given to the hungry
Others worth mentioning…
• Philip Bazaar
– Won the Medal of Honor
• Born in Chili and was a Union Navy seaman
• Entered Fort Fisher to carry out dispatches at the
height of the battle
• William Carney– Congressional Medal of Honor recipient
•
•
First black soldier to get this award
Wounded twice while trying to save the flag
– Served w/ the 54th Massachusetts
Match the people with their description
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•
•
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•
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Lincoln
Lee
Clay
Carney
Davis
Grant
• Confederate General
• First Republican
president
• President of Confederacy
• Great Compromiser
• Union General
• Medal of Honor recipient
Put these events in order
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•
•
•
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Missouri Compromise
Compromise of 1850
Nullification Crisis
Explain the significance of each event
• Dred Scott Decision
• Lincolns Election
• Fort Sumter
• Emancipation Proclamation
• Gettysburg
• Lincoln’s Assassination