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Assignment #1: Cold War Origins Think about…..”Frenemies” (Friends who are enemies….enemies who are friends) Have you ever had a frenemy? Have you ever had to work with someone toward a common goal, but did not get along with, like or agree with them? For example….a group project….a sports team…fighting WWII? Today we will examine how the US and USSR go from “Frenemies” fighting the Nazis to real live enemies. New Unit Calendar! HW#1: due Friday Cold War Origins 1947-1991 Key Question: Why was there so much tension between the US and the Soviet Union? 1. Competing ideologies vs. 2. World War II bitterness A. Yalta Conference -- Feb. 1945: Meeting of allied powers -- Divide Germany into 4 zones B. Different Goals: U.S. U.S.S.R. 1.Encourage democracy 2.Rebuild & strengthen European gvmts (including Germany) – WHY? 1.Encourage communism 2.Rebuild USSR economy 3.Control eastern Europe (WHY?) 4.Keep Germany weak (WHY?) 3. The “Iron Curtain” descends A. Soviet Control: “Eastern Bloc” PROTECTION…from what? What’s weird about this picture? UK US France USSR The “Iron Curtain” DIVISION BETWEEN DEMOCRATIC WESTERN EUROPE AND COMMUNIST EASTERN EUROPE B. Policy of CONTAINMENT Foreign policy: stop Soviet expansion! Two ways to “fight”: 1. Economic 2. Military (“proxy wars”) (Economic Strategy) The Marshall Plan, 1948 Post-war European aid (food, $, infrastructure, etc.) WHY? Amount of aid received (Military Strategy) The Truman Doctrine, 1947 -US will support countries that reject communism We are either with you or against you Question: Uh, what are some potential problems with this policy? C. The Berlin Blockade First crisis! Stalin blocks supplies from westerncontrolled Berlin Berlin airlift (11 months) Soviets give up Berlin Blockade The Berlin Airlift D. The Berlin Wall Goes Up (1961) What does this say about the political legitimacy of the East German government? Checkpoint Charlie E. New Military Alliances! NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization The Warsaw Pact North Atlantic Treaty Organization (1949) United States Belgium Britain Canada Denmark Luxemburg Netherlands Norway Portugal France 1952: Greece & Turkey Iceland 1955: West Germany Italy 1983: Spain Warsaw Pact (1955) } U. S. S. R. } East Germany } Albania } Hungary } Bulgaria } Poland } Czechoslovakia } Rumania How the CW was fought Foreign Aid Spying Multinational Alliances Propaganda Brinkmanship – the arms race “Proxy Wars” Premier Nikita Khrushchev About the capitalist states, it doesn't depend on you whether we (Soviet Union) exist. If you don't like us, don't accept our invitations, and don't invite us to come to see you. Whether you like it our not, history is on our side. We will bury you. -- 1956 WHY DIDN’T THE U.S. JUST DECLARE WAR ON THE SOVIETS AND GET IT OVER WITH, ALREADY? Assignment #2: Cold War Visual Create your own image (ex: cartoon, drawing) that illustrates people, events or ideas relating to an aspect of the early Cold War described in the lecture. Include a brief written explanation or caption. Demonstrating a creative understanding of the concepts is more important than artistic ability HOW DO THESE CARTOONS RELATE TO WHAT YOU JUST LEARNED IN THE LECTURE?