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2.1: The Enlightenment &
Causes of the American
Revolution
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 Follow
along in the student packet:
“Content students MUST KNOW to be
successful on the GHSGT” (pg. 33-35)
The Enlightenment
John Locke
The power of government
is derived from the
governed
consent of the ____________!
People have
the right to life,
liberty, and ________.
property
Therefore, they have
the right to
overthrow
___________
corrupt governments!
America Before & After the
French & Indian War
The French & Indian War
 England
& France
both had colonies
in North America
& both wanted
control of the
Ohio River Valley
 In 1754, England
& France fought
the French &
Indian War (the
Seven Years War)
Path to the American Revolution
 The
war changed the relationship
between England & the colonists:
 England shifted from salutary
neglect & introduced a policy of
parliamentary sovereignty
 England expected the colonists to
help pay for the war
 Proclamation of 1763 forbade
colonists from settling west of the
Appalachian Mountains
“No taxation without representation”
Proclamation of 1763
The English government assumed ultimate
authority over ALL colonial laws & taxes
Sugar Act—colonists
must pay tax on all
sugar
Stamp Act—colonies
must pay a tax on all
paper products like
cards and newspapers
Proclamation
of 1763
• Definition – Great
Britain drew a line
along the crest of
the Appalachian
Mountains that
colonists could not
cross
_______.
• Colonial reaction –
betrayed
felt __________:
denied the fruits of
victory after helping
to win the war.
Proclamation of 1763
1. To enforce the
proclamation and keep
peace between the
colonists and natives, a
permanent army of 10,000
“Redcoats”
_________ were placed in
colonies.
2. Colonists were asked to
pay at least part of Britain’s
defending
large expense in ________
the colonies.
Colonial Reaction
1. Some felt Britain wanted
troops to cram unpopular
acts of Parliament down
throats
colonists ________
2. Colonists especially
objected to paying to
troops
support British ________
parents
3. Colonial __________
concerned about British
soldiers’ influence on
their kids
“No taxation without representation”
Stamp Act,
1765
Because of the Stamp Act, Samuel Adams
founded the Sons and Daughters of Liberty.
“No taxation without representation”
Stamp
Act,
1765
Parliament repealed the Stamp Act when it became clear
costly
that the colonies boycott of British goods was too ______
for Britain.
The Boston Massacre
March, 1770
soldiers
The Boston Massacre resulted from the stationing of
British
___________
soldiers in Boston.
The social contract theories of John Locke and
Jean-Jacques Rousseau hold that the power to
govern comes from the
w
ea
l th
y.
ne
d.
6%
go
ve
r
le
ad
er
s.
6%
or
ce
.
4.
31%
re
lig
io
us
3.
56%
of
f
2.
use of force.
religious
leaders.
governed.
wealthy.
us
e
1.
As a result of the Treaty of
Paris of 1763,
A.
B.
C.
D.
France lost all of its possessions
56%
in the North America.
most of Spain's New World
empire was transferred to France.
New York was returned to the
French in exchange for a British
control of India.
the British gained Florida and
Canada and became the sole
13%
power in North America.
A.
B.
19%
13%
C.
D.
Colonial Rebellion
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The
“Sons
of
Colonists formed the FirstLiberty”
Continental
urged
Congress to help Americans
in
Boston;
colonial
resistance
Formed Committees of Correspondence
to
to
the
Stamp
Act
increase communication among
Americans
using violence, if
necessary
England issued the Coercive Acts (Intolerable
Acts) & closed Boston harbor until the tea was
repaid & limited town hall meetings