Download Overview of the Day

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Lawrence Kohlberg wikipedia, lookup

Albert Bandura wikipedia, lookup

Sociology of the family wikipedia, lookup

Criticism of marriage wikipedia, lookup

Familialism wikipedia, lookup

Family wikipedia, lookup

Overview of the Day
Developmental Psychology - Part 2
Adolescence & young adulthood
Middle age
Old age
Physical changes
Adolescence: between the beginning of sexual
maturity to independent adulthood
Secondary sex characteristics
Why are adolescents capable of having children
when marriage is so much later?
Why has onset of menarche occurring earlier in girls
now (about 12-13, when in the past it was 13-15),
even though marriage is much later?
more fat in diet
less physical activity
 Physical capacity: heart, lung, energy expenditure, reaction
time, sensory keenness all peak by early adulthood (mid-twenties );
because women mature earlier, their physical capacities peak earlier
 much of physical vigor is a function of regular exercise: use it or lose it (skiing
12 miles with PK who is mid 50s). people can still be extremely fit into their 60s
and beyond, if they exercise regularly
 Menopause: secession of ability to bear children (onset
typically occurs in late 40s)
many women state that they feel better than they have in years
after menopause
grandmother hypothesis: care for their children’s offspring
Cognitive changes
 Intelligence
general intelligence does not decline much with age
crystallized IQ (store of knowledge and reasoning strategies)
increases and fluid IQ (general problem solving, free of
content) decreases with age
 Memory?
 20s is peak for memory
 but not all that bad when aging: recognition does not decline much
with age (recall does);
 meaningful memory works well into old age (web of associations)
 same as with physical: use it or lose it (stay intellectually active)
 Senility (senile dementia) disturbance of higher
order mental functions associated with age
 5-20% of people become senile into 80s and 90s
 50% of caused by Alzheimer (destroys neurons in the brain causing
loss of memory, reasoning, and language impairment.
Causes (genetic), loss of neurotransmitter acetylcholine (also myelin
sheath); tangled neurons
 What is the relationship between age and performance
at work?
no relation
At what developmental phase is a person’s age
least predictive of her abilities and
Social and moral
Kohlberg's theory of moral development
stages of moral reasoning
Erickson's theory of psycho-social
stages of social development
Social clock: Culturally preferred timing for
when one should leave home, marry, have
children, and retire
There is no rigid consensus on "social clock"
cultural prescriptions. They vary by culture
and subculture.
Marriage and children
9 out of 10 adults marry;
75 % of those who
divorce remarry (and are as happy as they were in 1st
Marriage bonds are most likely to endure
when . . . ?
Couples maintain at least a 5 to 1 ratio of positive to negative
interactions with each other
When children grow up and leave home,
mothers . . .?
Report feeling happy
Chance encounters
Life course is not entirely predictable due
to chance encounters
Development: The bottom
Parents (neighborhoods, opportunities)
Education; jobs
Chance encounters
Development and maturation
Conception and gestation
Competent newborn
Cognitive development
Physical changes
Social and moral development
Marriage and children
Chance encounters