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Summarize events that led to
the surrender of Germany &
of Japan
Germany Sparks a New War in Europe
Allies were preparing to push
toward victory in Europe
1943: Allies began building an invasion
force in Britain
 Plan was to launch an attack on German
held France across the English Channel
June 6, 1944: Planes, ships, tanks,
landing craft, & 3 million troops
planned to strike on the coast of
Normandy (Northwestern France)
Known as the D-Day Invasion
 Germans knew an attack would happen
but didn’t know where
 By September, they had liberated France,
Belgium, Luxembourg
 Dec 6: German tanks broke through
American defenses but were pushed back
(Battle of the Bulge)
Germany’s Unconditional Surrender
March 1945: 3 million
Allied soldiers approached
Berlin from the Southwest
Six million Soviet troops
approached from the East
May 7, 1945: General
Eisenhower accepted the
unconditional surrender of
the Third Reich from the
German military
The United States & other
Allied powers celebrated VE Day (Victory in Europe)
Victory in the Pacific
Allies were still fighting the
Japanese in the Pacific
Japanese had devised a bold plan to halt
the Allied advance
 They would destroy the American fleet
 This would prevent the Allies from
resupplying their ground troops
 Within days, the Japanese navy had lost
Kamikazes (Japanese suicide
pilots) were only thing between
Allies and Japan
Pilot would sink Allied ships by crashdiving bomb-filled planes into them
 March 1945: American Marines took Iwo
 April 1: US troops moved to Okinawa
 June 21: Japanese lost 100,000 in battle
The Japanese Surrender
President Truman’s advisers had
informed him than an invasion of
the Japanese homeland might cost
the Allies 500,000 lives
Truman decided to use a powerful new
weapon (Atomic Bomb)
Aug 6, 1945: The United States
dropped an atomic bomb on
Aug 9: Second bomb dropped on
Sept 2: The Japanese finally
surrendered to General MacArthur