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Transcript
CSE 471/598
Introduction to
Artificial Intelligence
Fall 2002
Introduction
• You,
• TA: Ryan Holmes, GWC xxx
MTH 1-2pm, [email protected], and
• me [email protected]
(http://www.public.asu.edu/~huanliu)
CSE 471/598, H. Liu
2
The course
• What is AI (many definitions of AI)
– One definition: a field to enable computers
with human-level intelligence with attempts
to understand intelligent entities.
• What is this course about
– understand ourselves better
– build automated intelligent agents
– improve problem solving skills
CSE 471/598, H. Liu
3
The course (2)
– Projects in Lisp (30%, 2*15%)
– Exam(s) (2X20%)
– Homework (30%, 5*6%)
– Late hand-in penalty
– Academic integrity
CSE 471/598, H. Liu
4
Plan
• Text Book: AI - A Modern Approach
• 15 weeks - about 13-15 chapters
• One major subject per week
TIP
Try to keep up and
avoid catch-up
CSE 471/598, H. Liu
5
Plan (2)
• Major topics
– Intelligent agents
– Problem solving
– Knowledge and reasoning
– Acting logically
– Uncertainty
– Learning
CSE 471/598, H. Liu
TIP
Comprehend the topics
with your common sense
6
Welcome to this class!
• We will work together throughout this
semester.
• Questions and suggestions are most
welcome.
CSE 471/598, H. Liu
7
Introduction of AI and LISP
- Gearing up for a fun semester
about intelligent agents
What is AI (2)
• Acting humanly: The Turing test
• Thinking humanly: Cognitive modeling
• Thinking rationally: Syllogisms, Logic
• Acting rationally: A rational agent
CSE 471/598, H. Liu
9
Foundations of AI
• Philosophy (428 B.C. - Present) - reasoning and
learning
• Mathematics (c. 800 - Present) - logic, probability,
decision making, computation
• Psychology (1879 - Present) - investigating human
mind
• Computer engineering (1940 - Present) - ever
improving tools
• Linguistics (1957 - Present) - the structure and
meaning of language
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10
Brief History of AI
• Gestation of AI (1943 -1956)
• Early enthusiasm, great expectations (1952 1969)
• AI facing reality (1966 - 1974)
• Knowledge-based systems (1969 - 1979)
• AI - an industry (1980 - 1988)
• Sober and maturing AI
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11
Some examples of AI
applications
• Smart bombs
• Biometrics
• Deep Blue
• Communications
(email, word
processor)
• Gaming
• Intelligent houses
• Intelligent appliances
• Auto driving from E to
W
• RoboCup
• Consumer protection
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12
Refresher for LISP
• What is it?
– ANSI Common Lisp, Paul Graham, Prentice Hall
• Input (e.g., terminal, files)
• Output (e.g., files, printing)
• Processing (various operations)
• How to run it?
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13