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Humanities: Art Appreciation
• It is literally defined as the art of organizing
sound so as to elicit an aesthetic response in a
• Music moves us ,it makes us feel the tears but
cannot trace the source, says Leticia Landen.
• Franz Liszt defines it as the language of the
• Pitch- highness or lowness of tone
• Duration- longness or shortness of tone
• Volume- loudness or softness of tone
• Timbre or tone color- individual quality of the
musical sound
• The human voice is the oldest and still the
most popular medium of music. It is the most
personal and direct medium as it comes from
within the human body.
The Six Classes of Voices
1. Coloratura Soprano- highest female register
2. Soprano- high register female voice
3. Mezzo-soprano-medium-register female voice
4. Alto or Contralto-low-register female voice
• 5. Tenor-high-register male voice
• 6. Baritone- medium-register male voice
• 7. Bass- low-register male voice
• Duration- refers to the continuance of time wherein a
sound can be made to last for a longer or shorter
period of time.
• Pitch- it means the location of tone in the musical scale
in relation to high or low.
• Melody- it consists of a series of pitches and durations.
It displays an overall balance between ascending and
descending motion.
• Harmony- it is simultaneous sounding of two or
more tones like when a singer accompanies his
melody with the guitar or a piano.
• Timbre- it enables the listener to distinguish one
sound from another or one instrument from
• Dynamics- it refers to force or percussive effects:
degrees of loud and soft. Forte means loud; piano
means soft.
• Texture- refers to the number of tones we are
asked to comprehend simultaneously.
• Form- is also called structure which is as
necessary to a work.
• Color- it is the result of the difference in timbre in
the various instruments and voices. . .
• Style- it reflects the composer’s personal idiom
which differentiates his work from that of others;
he also reflects the style of the period in which he
Franz Lizst- he led
the awakening of the
country’s musical
consciousness. He
originated the idea
of establishing
national music
Johann Sebastian
• -One of the great
German composer and
considered a musical
genius of all time. Some
of his works are the
“Goldberg Variations,”
“Chromatic Fantasy and
Fugue,” “English Suites”
and his greatest passion
is “St. Mathew Passion.”
His church music were
his greatest musical
Ludwig van
A German composer and
considered as one of the
greatest composers who ever
lived. He was also called “The
Shakespeare of Music.” His
music includes Symphony No.
3 entitled “Erotica”. Symphony
No. 5 became a symbol of
resistance in German-occupied
Europe during World War II.
Symphony No. 6 called
“Pastoral” reflects his love of
nature. Symphony No. 9 ,
“Chorale,” was considered as
peak of symphonic music.
Wolfgang Amadeus
He was one of the
composers. A master of
classical period and also a
musical genius. His first
opera was “La finta
“The Marriage of Figaro”
and “Magic Flute. ”His
symphonies were “The
Jupiter” “Requiem Mass” a
choral work which he had
written as if in anticipation
to death.