... By: Caleb Bryant
a cappella Choral music performed without instrumental
... piano The Italian term for "soft", indicated in the musical score by the marking "p".
quadruple meter Basic metrical pattern of four beats to a measure; also common
range Distance between the lowest and highest tones of a melody, an instrument or
a voice. This span can be generally described a ...
music - Jerome Miranda
... • Texture- refers to the number of tones we are
asked to comprehend simultaneously.
• Form- is also called structure which is as
necessary to a work.
• Color- it is the result of the difference in timbre in
the various instruments and voices. . .
• Style- it reflects the composer’s personal idiom
... voice is named according to the standard choral model from top to bottom:
on the treble clef
on the bass clef
Stems for the soprano and tenor always point up. Stems for the alto and bass always point
down. This helps to make it clear which notes to follow when two parts share ...
1306 Study guide I.doc
... Sharp: A pitch that is to be played 1/2 step higher
Flat: A pitch that is to be played 1/2 step lower
Contour: Shape or outline of a melody formed by its notes
Tune: A melody that is easily recognized, memorized, and sung.
Scale: An ascending or descending pattern of half and/or whole steps.
Key: Th ...
Unpacking Outcomes - NESD Curriculum Corner
... with age and musical experience
Distinguish among diverse voice types, styles, and
forms of vocal expression
Sing, play and create music that demonstrates a variety
of techniques and styles
Demonstrate focused listening
Change the feel, style, or add another part to an existing
piece of musi ...
Vocal Music Intermediate Baseline Assessment Section One
... 2. An alternative way of identifying a time signature where there are 4 beats in a
measure and the quarter note receives the beat is _____.
a. common time
b. cut time
c. triple time
3. _____: A muscular portion located in the back of the roof of the mouth that
separates the oral cavity from the nasa ...
... Harmony usually split into four voices, each
with distinct vocal ranges: soprano, alto, tenor,
The “leading tone” (ti, or 7) must resolve to
1/do in the soprano
... Melodic leaps of an A2 or A4 should be avoided
Consecutive P1, P4,P5, or P8 are forbidden
3. Write the alto and tenor for the second chord in each case without change in structure.
Project In - Milarianne
... player's face. To create different pitches, the flutist presses down keys on the instrument. Modern flutes are about two
feet long, and come apart into three pieces for convenience. Theobold Boehm, a jeweler, engineer, and flutist in the
1800s, created a model of the flute that has hardly been impro ...
... rhythm……………….…….The beat of the music; sound in time
ritardando (rit.)…………….Gradually decrease tempo; get slower
round…………….………….2 or more people singing the same song starting at different times
sharp #………………….….Raises the pitch a half step; sing or play a bit higher. Looks like tic-tac-toe.
... Artistry: (Musicality) Artistic workmanship, ability, or quality
Balance: (Tone / Vocal production) The state of equilibrium where all the component parts of the music
create a unified whole.
Beauty: (Tone / Vocal production) The quality that gives pleasure to the mind or senses and is associated
... Voices (High to Low): Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Bass; these are literally voice parts, but are
also used as generic labels for part-writing even in instrumental pieces.
Grand Staff: S and A go on the Treble clef; T and B go on the Bass clef. The Alto always
notates borrowed pitches in relation to the Tr ...
Voice leading from IV-V
... Parallel fifths and octaves
The bass-tenor interval in the IV chord is a fifth, and the bass-alto interval is an octave. This pattern
is repeated in the V chord. These progressions are known as parallel fifths and parallel octaves, and
should be avoided when writing homophonic and homorhythmic music ...
Elements of music - Texture, Tone Color
... scope of this course, it is safe to say that each musical instrument or voice produces its own
characteristic pattern of “overtones,” which gives it a unique "tone color" or timbre.
Composers use timbre much like painters use colors to evoke certain effects on a canvas. For
example, the upper regist ...
children - GRICE ARTISTS!
... Vocal layers have begun to
form and will continue
The child can now sustain
the upper voice.
As it seems comfortable,
notes can be added to the
It is not unusual for vocal
damage to appear at this
age from overload.
This damage can come
from shouting or trying to
sing too lou ...
... The music for this recital was chosen to present a
program of' works encompassing a variety of' styles, languages,
and dramatic situations.
The Mozart aria Schon lacht der holde
14 To Music
... Boosey & Hawkes. Her successful career has been built on the belief that a children’s
choral conductor can guide young singers toward a life enriched by music through an
instructive, artistic and joyful experience.
From: http://97.1911encyclopedia.org/C/CH/CHORALE.htm: CHORALE, a term in
music used ...
lhs music theory final exam review sheet
... 2. If, when connecting triads whose roots are a 5th (or a 4th) apart the common tone is NOT retained in the
same voice, move all voices to the NEAREST chord tones which result in correct doubling and spacing.
3. When connecting triads whose roots are a second apart, move all the upper voices to the ...
Assign 2a Appropriate Music 43
... should be a vital part of the daily preschool curriculum. The National Association for
the Education of Young Children recommends musical experiences in the preschool on
a daily basis.
Singing is the backbone of the preschool curriculum, although listening to music has an
important place in the clas ...
... Creates an array of size that was input
Follows the chord progression map for a
major key to fill up the entire array with
random new chords
A voice type is a particular human singing voice identified as having certain qualities or characteristics of vocal range, vocal weight, tessitura, vocal timbre, and vocal transition points (passaggio), such as breaks and lifts within the voice. Other considerations are physical characteristics, speech level, scientific testing, and vocal register. A singer's voice type is identified by a process known as voice classification, by which the human voice is evaluated and thereby designated into a particular voice type. The discipline of voice classification developed within European classical music and is not generally applicable to other forms of singing. Voice classification is often used within opera to associate possible roles with potential voices. Several different voice classification systems are available to identify voice types, including the German Fach system and the choral music system among many others; no system is universally applied or accepted.Voice classification is a tool for singers, composers, venues, and listeners to categorize vocal properties and to associate roles with voices. While useful, voice classification systems have been used too rigidly, i.e. a house assigning a singer to a specific type and only casting him or her in roles they consider belonging to this category.While choral singers are classified into voice parts based on their vocal range, solo singers are classified into voice types based more on their tessitura – where their voice feels most comfortable for the majority of the time.A singer will ultimately choose a repertoire that suits his or her instrument. Some singers such as Enrico Caruso, Rosa Ponselle, Joan Sutherland, Maria Callas, Ewa Podleś, or Plácido Domingo have voices that allow them to sing roles from a wide variety of types; some singers such as Shirley Verrett or Grace Bumbry change type and even voice part over their careers; and some singers such as Leonie Rysanek have voices that lower with age, causing them to cycle through types over their careers. Some roles as well are hard to classify, having very unusual vocal requirements; Mozart wrote many of his roles for specific singers who often had remarkable voices, and some of Verdi's early works make extreme demands on his singers.