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Transcript
Current Perspectives
in Psychology
Unit 1
Lesson 3
Objectives

Evaluate major concepts and
contributors of the six major current
perspectives in psychology.
Warm Up – What is Psychology?

Scientific study
of behavior &
mental
processes



Scientific?
Behavior?
Mental
Process?

Goals:




To DESCRIBE behavior
To EXPLAIN causes of
behavior
To PREDICT future
behaviors
To CONTROL behavior
Review
How did ancients explain abnormal
behaviors?
 When did we begin to understand the body?
 Name two pseudoscientific ways to
understand behavior.
 Who is the father of psych? Why?

Review

Evolution of Psych
Philosophy
 Physiology
 Psychology


Place your comic in appropriate
column!
Modern Perspectives in
Psychology

“School”- Shared theory & research method
Psychoanalytic
 Behaviorism
 Cognitive
 Humanistic
 Sociocultural
 (Neuro)Biological
 Evolutionary

Activity Directions

Count off by 6…

You will be given ~20 minutes to read more about
each school of thought. Use the provided
worksheet, wikipedia, or psychology.about.com to
help you out.

Identify major psychologists, how they define
behavior & personality, and how they explain
abnormal behavior. Illustrate on poster.
Evolutionary Psychology

Originates with Charles Darwin

Behaviors & traits are result of natural
selection – those that aid us in survival are
passed down to the next generation

Abnormal behaviors may be protective in
nature, side effects of genes w/other
benefits
Psychoanalytic Psychology

Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Alfred Adler

Behavior & personality is product of
unconscious sexual & aggressive forces

Abnormal behaviors are result of
unresolved, repressed conflicts from early
childhood.
Behavioral Psychology

BF Skinner, JB Watson, Ivan Pavlov, Albert
Bandura

Behavior is product of learning &
associations, reinforcements, punishments,
& observations

Abnormal behaviors are result of
reinforcement or modeling
Cognitive Psychology

Jean Piaget, Noam Chomsky

Behavior is consequence of internal mental
processes to solve problems or develop
personality traits.

Abnormal behaviors are result of faulty &
irrational ways of thinking.
Humanistic Psychology

Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers

Behavior is reflection of internal personal
growth, self-esteem, and free will. Desire
to fulfill series of needs.

Abnormal behaviors are result of being out
of touch with one’s feelings, discrepancy
between real & ideal self.
Neurobiological Psychology

Roger Sperry, Michael Gazzaniga

Behavior is result of functions of nervous
system, endocrine system & genes.

Abnormal behaviors are result of organic
(structural) issues, biochemical imbalances,
or genetic predispositions.
Sociocultural Psychology

Lev Vygotsky , Philip Zimbardo, Solomon
Asch, Stanley Milgram

Behavior is influenced by rules &
expectations of social groups & cultures.

Abnormal behaviors are result of
dysfunctional society, environmental
stressors.
Getting a “Hand”le on the
Schools
Schools Activities

Socrative Quiz

Rm: fus224

Mixed Up Schools
of Psych

A Case Study

Outrageous
Celebrity!
Closure

Which school do
you find most
interesting? Least
interesting? Why?