Current Perspectives in Psychology Unit 1 Lesson 3 Objectives Evaluate major concepts and contributors of the six major current perspectives in psychology. Warm Up – What is Psychology? Scientific study of behavior & mental processes Scientific? Behavior? Mental Process? Goals: To DESCRIBE behavior To EXPLAIN causes of behavior To PREDICT future behaviors To CONTROL behavior Review How did ancients explain abnormal behaviors? When did we begin to understand the body? Name two pseudoscientific ways to understand behavior. Who is the father of psych? Why? Review Evolution of Psych Philosophy Physiology Psychology Place your comic in appropriate column! Modern Perspectives in Psychology “School”- Shared theory & research method Psychoanalytic Behaviorism Cognitive Humanistic Sociocultural (Neuro)Biological Evolutionary Activity Directions Count off by 6… You will be given ~20 minutes to read more about each school of thought. Use the provided worksheet, wikipedia, or psychology.about.com to help you out. Identify major psychologists, how they define behavior & personality, and how they explain abnormal behavior. Illustrate on poster. Evolutionary Psychology Originates with Charles Darwin Behaviors & traits are result of natural selection – those that aid us in survival are passed down to the next generation Abnormal behaviors may be protective in nature, side effects of genes w/other benefits Psychoanalytic Psychology Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Alfred Adler Behavior & personality is product of unconscious sexual & aggressive forces Abnormal behaviors are result of unresolved, repressed conflicts from early childhood. Behavioral Psychology BF Skinner, JB Watson, Ivan Pavlov, Albert Bandura Behavior is product of learning & associations, reinforcements, punishments, & observations Abnormal behaviors are result of reinforcement or modeling Cognitive Psychology Jean Piaget, Noam Chomsky Behavior is consequence of internal mental processes to solve problems or develop personality traits. Abnormal behaviors are result of faulty & irrational ways of thinking. Humanistic Psychology Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers Behavior is reflection of internal personal growth, self-esteem, and free will. Desire to fulfill series of needs. Abnormal behaviors are result of being out of touch with one’s feelings, discrepancy between real & ideal self. Neurobiological Psychology Roger Sperry, Michael Gazzaniga Behavior is result of functions of nervous system, endocrine system & genes. Abnormal behaviors are result of organic (structural) issues, biochemical imbalances, or genetic predispositions. Sociocultural Psychology Lev Vygotsky , Philip Zimbardo, Solomon Asch, Stanley Milgram Behavior is influenced by rules & expectations of social groups & cultures. Abnormal behaviors are result of dysfunctional society, environmental stressors. Getting a “Hand”le on the Schools Schools Activities Socrative Quiz Rm: fus224 Mixed Up Schools of Psych A Case Study Outrageous Celebrity! Closure Which school do you find most interesting? Least interesting? Why?