Anxiety Disorders in Children and Adolescents
... This book began life in 1997 at an international research conference on anxiety disorders
in children and adolescents hosted by CURIUM, Academic Centre of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Leiden University. Up until that time, child and adolescent anxiety
disorder research was largely consumed withi ...
... name of “adult attention-deficit disorder” (AADD). This reflects the different
manifestation of the symptoms, especially motor hyperactivity, which is less
frequently manifested in adult patients.
The equivalent terminology for ADHD according to ICD-10 is “Hyperkinetic
disorder” (HD). Diagnostic cri ...
stimulant treatment history predicts frontal-striatal
... and adults with ADHD as compared to their typically developing peers. Such changes
entail structural differences, such as local volume reduction in the caudate and
putamen (Frodl & Skokauskas, 2012; Nakao et al., 2011), reduced grey matter volume
... Therefore, we analyzed functional magnetic resonance images (fMRI) of 20 unmedicated, combined, adult ADHD subjects and 25 healthy controls. Date sets were
used to identify and compare the brain activation during a reward/time discrimination
paradigm. The paradigm also included distractors during th ...
Associations between substance use disorder and
... there is a family history of ADHD and in individuals who are also diagnosed with other
psychological disorders. The expression, characteristics, neurobiology and
pharmacological responsivity are similar for adolescents and adults with ADHD
(Wilens, Biederman and Spencer, 2002).
There are up to ten t ...
... The use of different neuroimaging techniques by independent groups is leading to
an improved understanding of the neural substrates underlying the pathophysiology of
ADHD. Nowadays, researchers have begun to place more emphasis on the potential
contributions of dysfunctional brain circuits, rather t ...
Explaining The Efficiency Of Marte Meo From A Neurobiological
... This can be traced back to the way in which the Marte Meo specialist conduct the
image based coaching with parents and which image sequences they have chosen and
how and which information they give with every single sequence of film. The
efficiency of the coaching with Marte Meo can be likewise expl ...
Author`s personal copy
... mediation . Most signiﬁcantly, females who are hypophysectomized after their maternal behavior has become established continue to show maternal behavior during the postpartum period
even though they are no longer capable of lactating. It is as if the
hormonal events associated with pregnancy te ...
Triarchic conceptualization of psychopathy
... and persistently aggressive.” (p. 212). Robins
(1966, 1978) likewise emphasized early and persistent aggressive antisociality in her empirical
accounts of maladjusted youth who developed
into adult “sociopaths.” Robins’ work served as
the cornerstone for the modern notion of antisocial personality d ...
Reward loss and addiction: Opportunities for cross
... Drug addiction is one of the most pressing and complex current social
issues. The latest National Survey on Drug Use and Health (Center for
Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, 2015) estimated that during
2014, around 21.5 million people in the United States exhibited a substance use disorder ( ...
The Effects of Long-Term Use of Stimulant Medication for Attention
... and adolescents. However, as the incidence of ADHD rises, practitioners are likely to see more
patients on stimulant therapy well into adulthood. The purpose of this literature review is to
determine the effects associated with long term use of stimulant medications for ADHD and how
these effects, p ...
the big five and adhd: an investigation of subtypes and
... DSM-IV, the prevalence of ADHD is estimated to be 3-7% percent in school age children,
whereas other studies estimate the prevalence of ADHD to be as high as 22-57% (Mash &
Barkley, 2003). One possible reason for these higher rates is that some studies use only the
presence of hyperactivity, rather ...
understanding your child`s diagnosis
... in the mirror. Lisch nodules do not affect eyesight in any way,
and people with NF1 can’t feel the bumps beneath their eyelids.
Nearly all people with NF1 will develop Lisch nodules by the time
they are adults.
The “neuro” in neurofibromatosis refers to the body’s nerves.
People with NF1 can develo ...
Parents, Siblings, and Peers - CLAS Users
... the opposite gender. An older brother, however, might appear, even for young
girls, as a greater authority figure that is more admired than is an older sister
(Sutton-Smith & Rosenberg, 1970). Given those considerations, it is not surprising that, even after controlling for parental and family chara ...
... • Even if a therapeutic intervention successfully
results in extinction of a response, the original
response may return if the person or animal
encounters contexts that are highly similar to
the original learning!
your child`s diagnosis of neurofibromatosis
... concerns. Some children will have six spots while others may have 20.
The number of spots does not indicate how “severe” your child’s diagnosis
is and does not correlate with other medical problems.
Most people with NF1 also develop freckles in their armpits (axillary
freckles) or freckles in their ...
B. R Skinner`s Contributions to Applied Behavior Analysis
... reading and writing occur simultaneously yet independently of one another, with the content of the writing
being often unconscious. This was
Skinner's first publication in the popular press (the Atlantic Monthly). Afterward, most of his popular press publications addressed applications, and
many of ...
cellular mechanisms of classical and operant conditioning A model
... movements in response to inedible or distasteful objects taken
into the buccal cavity (Morton and Chiel 1993a). During rejection, the two halves of the radula are closed as the odontophore
protracts toward the mouth and they are open as the odontophore retracts, which ejects the inedible object from ...
A Contemporary Behavior Analysis of Anxiety and
... clinical interventions of exposure and
response prevention. There are, however, several limitations of two-factor
theory that have led to its further
refinement and replacement. The first
limitation concerns the empirical observation that avoidance responding
may still be acquired even when
Sleep disorders - Jornal de Pediatria
... emphasizing they had the worst night ever; however, they
do not take other nights into consideration. For the sake of
diagnosis, it is of paramount importance that the childs
routine during the last 24 hours, including all activities or
interventions made by the parents or baby-sitter, be
ADHD Combined Type and ADHD Predominantly Inattentive Type
... along dimensions identiﬁed as being important in documenting the distinctiveness of two disorders. These include essential and associated features, demographics,
measures of cognitive and neuropsychological functioning, family history, treatment response, and prognosis.
Important differences among s ...
FREE Sample Here
... 40. Anna is an eight-year-old girl. Her sexual impulses are suppressed, and she spends her time focused
on her schoolwork and developing relationships with same-sex friends. Which of Freud’s
psychosexual stages is Anna in?
Verbal Behavior - Carbone Clinic
... 31. In the first paragraph of "Abstraction" Skinner talks of the problem of unchecked tact extensions. It
would be a real problem in science. Imagine if CBAs or CABAs named a variety of consequences and
stimuli as "reinforcers" because they had some distant similarity to a real reinforcer (they were ...
B.F. SKINNER AND HIS CONTRIBUTION TO SCIENCE AND TO
... used as an eponym. The six criteria are integrated to form a composite index and based on
this, a list was made with the ranking order of the most eminent psychologists of the
twentieth century. In this composite index (Table 4) Skinner comes in first place among the
100 most eminent psychologists ( ...
Parent management training
Parent management training (PMT), also known as behavioral parent training (BPT) or simply parent training, is a family of treatment programs that aims to change parenting behaviors, teaching parents positive reinforcement methods for improving pre-school and school-age children's behavior problems (such as aggression, hyperactivity, temper tantrums, and difficulty following directions).PMT is one of the most investigated treatments available for disruptive behavior, particularly oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD); it is effective in reducing child disruptive behavior and improving parental mental health. PMT has also been studied as a treatment for disruptive behaviors in children with other conditions. Limitations of the existing research on PMT include a lack of knowledge on mechanisms of change and the absence of studies of long-term outcomes. PMT may be more difficult to implement when parents are unable to participate fully due to psychopathology, limited cognitive capacity, high partner conflict, or inability to attend weekly sessions.PMT was initially developed in the 1960s by child psychologists who studied changing children's disruptive behaviors by intervening to change parent behaviors. The model was inspired by principles of operant conditioning and applied behavioral analysis. Treatment, which typically lasts for several months, focuses on parents learning to provide positive reinforcement, such as praise and rewards, for children's appropriate behaviors while setting proper limits, using methods such as removing attention, for inappropriate behaviors.