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Assessment through Standardized Testing Chapter 15 Assessment through Standardized Testing Alternative Assessment Norm- vs. Criterion-Referenced Evaluation Standardized Tests Descriptive Statistics Norm- vs. Criterion-Referenced Evaluation Normed-referenced scores Comparing a student’s performance with that of other students on the same task. Criterion-Referenced Scores Indicate specifically what a student can and cannot do in relation to certain standards or criteria. (Ormrod, J. 2003. Educational Psychology Developing Learners, Columbus, OH: Merrill Prentice Hall, p. 526) Standardized Tests Assessments given to many students under the same conditions and scoring procedures Achievement (content; ex: Terra Nova) Diagnostic (strengths/weaknesses) Intelligence (abstract reasoning/problem solving) Aptitude (potential for learning) Descriptive Statistics Frequency Distribution - # at each score Mean – average Mode – most frequent score Median – middle score Range – distance between highest and lowest score Standard Deviation – variability of scores Percentages vs. Percentiles Percentage - # of correct items compared to the total number of items Percentile – ranking that compares one student to all the others that have taken the assessment Assessment through Standardized Testing Alternative Assessments Norm- vs. Criterion-Referenced Evaluation Standardized Tests Descriptive Statistics Monday: Write one good assessment question for each of the Part III Chapters 10-15. Chapter 15 – Your choice of self-assessment, PRAXIS constructive response or document-based analysis Last Day for accepting any assignments is Dec. 10th!