Download Document

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

History of molecular theory wikipedia, lookup

Unbinilium wikipedia, lookup

Ununennium wikipedia, lookup

Extended periodic table wikipedia, lookup

Tennessine wikipedia, lookup

Periodic table wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
-Nice neat notes that are legible and use indents when
appropriate.
-Example of indent.
-Skip a line between topics
-Make visuals clear and well drawn. Label please.
Proton
Electron
Neutron
-
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
• BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow
directions, complete projects as described
and answer required questions neatly.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Keep an eye out for “The-Owl” and raise
your hand as soon as you see him.
– He will be hiding somewhere in the slideshow
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Keep an eye out for “The-Owl” and raise
your hand as soon as you see him.
– He will be hiding somewhere in the slideshow
“Hoot, Hoot”
“Good Luck!”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

John Dalton’s Atomic Theories
-All matter is composed of _________.
-Atoms cannot be made or __________.
-All atoms of the same element are _________.
-Different elements have different types of _____.
-Chemical reactions occur when atoms are
____________.
-Compounds are formed from atoms of the
elements.

John Dalton’s Atomic Theories
-All matter is composed of _________.
-Atoms cannot be made or __________.
-All atoms of the same element are _________.
-Different elements have different types of _____.
-Chemical reactions occur when atoms are
____________.
-Compounds are formed from atoms of the
elements.

John Dalton’s Atomic Theories
-All matter is composed of atoms.
-Atoms cannot be made or __________.
-All atoms of the same element are _________.
-Different elements have different types of _____.
-Chemical reactions occur when atoms are
____________.
-Compounds are formed from atoms of the
elements.

John Dalton’s Atomic Theories
-All matter is composed of atoms.
-Atoms cannot be made or __________.
-All atoms of the same element are _________.
-Different elements have different types of _____.
-Chemical reactions occur when atoms are
____________.
-Compounds are formed from atoms of the
elements.

John Dalton’s Atomic Theories
-All matter is composed of atoms.
-Atoms cannot be made or destroyed.
-All atoms of the same element are _________.
-Different elements have different types of _____.
-Chemical reactions occur when atoms are
____________.
-Compounds are formed from atoms of the
elements.

John Dalton’s Atomic Theories
-All matter is composed of atoms.
-Atoms cannot be made or destroyed.
-All atoms of the same element are _________.
-Different elements have different types of _____.
-Chemical reactions occur when atoms are
____________.
-Compounds are formed from atoms of the
elements.

John Dalton’s Atomic Theories
-All matter is composed of atoms.
-Atoms cannot be made or destroyed.
-All atoms of the same element are identical.
-Different elements have different types of _____.
-Chemical reactions occur when atoms are
____________.
-Compounds are formed from atoms of the
elements.

John Dalton’s Atomic Theories
-All matter is composed of atoms.
-Atoms cannot be made or destroyed.
-All atoms of the same element are identical.
-Different elements have different types of _____.
-Chemical reactions occur when atoms are
____________.
-Compounds are formed from atoms of the
elements.

John Dalton’s Atomic Theories
-All matter is composed of atoms.
-Atoms cannot be made or destroyed.
-All atoms of the same element are identical.
-Different elements have different types of atoms.
-Chemical reactions occur when atoms are
____________.
-Compounds are formed from atoms of the
elements.
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Link
“Please
close your
journal.”
• Which is not one of John Daltons Atomic
Theories?
A.) All matter is composed of atoms.
B.) Atoms cannot be made or destroyed.
C.) All atoms of the same element are identical.
D.) Different elements have the same type of
atoms.
E.) Chemical reactions occur when atoms are
rearranged.
F.) Compounds are formed from atoms of the
constituent elements.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is not one of John Daltons Atomic
Theories?
A.) All matter is composed of atoms.
B.) Atoms cannot be made or destroyed.
C.) All atoms of the same element are identical.
D.) Different elements have the same type of
atoms.
E.) Chemical reactions occur when atoms are
rearranged.
F.) Compounds are formed from atoms of the
constituent elements.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is not one of John Daltons Atomic
Theories?
A.) All matter is composed of atoms.
B.) Atoms cannot be made or destroyed.
C.) All atoms of the same element are identical.
D.) Different elements have different types of
atoms.
E.) Chemical reactions occur when atoms are
rearranged.
F.) Compounds are formed from atoms of the
constituent elements.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“One more
time.”
• Which is not one of John Daltons Atomic
Theories?
A.) All matter is composed of atoms.
B.) Atoms cannot be made or destroyed.
C.) All atoms of the same element are different.
D.) Different elements have different types of
atoms.
E.) Chemical reactions occur when atoms are
rearranged.
F.) Compounds are formed from atoms of the
constituent elements.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is not one of John Daltons Atomic
Theories?
A.) All matter is composed of atoms.
B.) Atoms cannot be made or destroyed.
C.) All atoms of the same element are different.
D.) Different elements have different types of
atoms.
E.) Chemical reactions occur when atoms are
rearranged.
F.) Compounds are formed from atoms of the
constituent elements.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is not one of John Daltons Atomic
Theories?
A.) All matter is composed of atoms.
B.) Atoms cannot be made or destroyed.
C.) All atoms of the same element are identical.
D.) Different elements have different types of
atoms.
E.) Chemical reactions occur when atoms are
rearranged.
F.) Compounds are formed from atoms of the
constituent elements.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“I was one of
the first people
to document
color blindness.”
Learn more:
http://www.biography.com/
people/john-dalton-9265201
• The Greek root for the word atom,
"atomon," means "that which cannot be
divided."
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The Greek root for the word atom,
"atomon," means "that which cannot be
divided."
– But atoms can be divided!
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The Greek root for the word atom,
"atomon," means "that which cannot be
divided."
– But atoms can be divided!
– But not easily on Earth.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The Greek root for the word atom,
"atomon," means "that which cannot be
divided."
– But atoms can be divided!
– But not easily on Earth.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Each Element is made up of one kind of
atom. The number of Protons and
Electrons.
 Atoms are arranged on The Periodic
Table of Elements.

Each Element is made up of one kind of
atom. The number of Protons and
Electrons.
 Atoms are arranged on The Periodic
Table of Elements.
• Hydrogen – 1 proton
– Has an atomic mass of 1.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Hydrogen – 1 proton
– Has an atomic mass of 1.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Hydrogen – 1 proton
– Has an atomic mass of 1.
• Helium – 2 protons and 2 neutrons
– Has an atomic mass of 4.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Hydrogen – 1 proton
– Has an atomic mass of 1.
• Helium – 2 protons and 2 neutrons
– Has an atomic mass of 4.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Atomic Mass = AMU Atomic Mass Units,
The number of protons, neutrons, and
electrons.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! To find # of protons and electrons
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! To find # of protons and electrons
– It is the atomic number, or count the P+ or E-.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! To find # of protons and electrons
– It is the atomic number, or count the P+ or E-.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! To find # of protons and electrons
– It is the atomic number.
– What is this atoms Atomic number?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer!
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Count the 11 Protons or 11 Electrons
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Atomic Number 11.
– What element is #11
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Atomic Number 11.
– What element is #11 Sodium
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! To find # of neutrons
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! To find # of neutrons
– Subtract the atomic number from the atomic mass to
determine the difference.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! To find # of neutrons
– Subtract the atomic number from the atomic mass to
determine the difference.
– How many neutrons does Lithium have?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! To find # of neutrons
– Subtract the atomic number from the atomic mass to
determine the difference.
– How many neutrons does Lithium have?
Atomic Mass
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! To find # of neutrons
– Subtract the atomic number from the atomic mass to
determine the difference.
– How many neutrons does Lithium have?
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review! To find # of neutrons
– Subtract the atomic number from the atomic mass to
determine the difference.
– How many neutrons does Lithium have?
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
6.94 amu – 3 =
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! 6.94 – 3 = 3.94
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
6.94 amu – 3 =
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! 6.94 – 3 = 3.94 or 4 neutrons
Atomic Mass
Atomic Number
6.94 amu – 3 =
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Link

New Area of Focus: Electron Orbitals
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Niels Bohr (1915):
Student to Ernest
Rutherford.
– The Bohr model is a
simplified picture of an
atom. We will spend
a lot of time learning
this, and then….
– The correct theory of
the atom…
• (Quantum Mechanics)
• More Difficult
• Niels Bohr (1915):
Student to Ernest
“Hey, I suggested the
Rutherford.
idea
that
electrons
– The Bohr model is a
move
frompicture
one energy
simplified
of an
level
another
in large
atom.toWe
will spend
a lot of time learning
steps.”.-Quantum….
Learn more
http://chemed.chem.pu
rdue.edu/genchem/hist
ory/bohr.html
this, and then….
– The correct theory of
the atom…
• (Quantum Mechanics)
• More Difficult
Learn more:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wi
ki/Niels_Bohr
• Video Link! Electron Orbitals
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rNM21emk
MJo

Valence electrons: Electrons in the outer
most shell.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Valence electrons: Electrons in the outer
most shell.
How many valence electrons?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Valence electrons: Electrons in the outer
most shell.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Valence electrons: Electrons in the outer
most shell.
1
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Valence electrons: Electrons in the outer
most shell.
1
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

1
Valence electrons: Electrons in the outer
most shell.
2
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

1
Valence electrons: Electrons in the outer
most shell.
2
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

1
Valence electrons: Electrons in the outer
most shell.
2
1
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

1
Valence electrons: Electrons in the outer
most shell.
2
1
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

1
Valence electrons: Electrons in the outer
most shell.
2
1
4
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

1
Valence electrons: Electrons in the outer
most shell.
2
1
4
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

1
Valence electrons: Electrons in the outer
most shell.
2
1
4
5
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

1
Valence electrons: Electrons in the outer
most shell.
2
1
4
5
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

1
Valence electrons: Electrons in the outer
most shell.
2
1
4
5
1
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

1
Valence electrons: Electrons in the outer
most shell.
2
1
4
5
1
Total Electrons
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

1
Valence electrons: Electrons in the outer
most shell.
2
1
4
5
1
Total Electrons
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Quiz Wiz: Name the atom based
on the electron orbitals / atomic number.
– Also tell me how many valence the atom has?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answers! Quiz Wiz: The answer will be
given after each questions instead of at
the end.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answers! Quiz Wiz: The answer will be
given after each questions instead of at
the end.
“This Quiz
Wiz will
require you to
work in table
groups.”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Atoms and Periodic Table of the Elements Unit on TpT
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Link
• Electron Orbitals Available Sheet

The number of valence electrons
determines the group placement of an
element on the periodic table.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

The number of valence electrons
determines the group placement of an
element on the periodic table.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

The number of valence electrons
determines the group placement of an
element on the periodic table.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

The number of valence electrons
determines the group placement of an
element on the periodic table.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

The number of valence electrons
determines the group placement of an
element on the periodic table.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Link
• Electron Orbitals Available Sheet

The 1, 2, 3, 4 electron shell can hold…
2, 8, 18, 32 electrons

The 1, 2, 3, 4 electron shell can hold…

The 1, 2, 3, 4 electron shell can hold…
2, 8, 8, 2 electrons

The 1, 2, 3, 4 electron shell can hold…
2, 8, 8, 2 electrons
For the first 20 elements the pattern is
2, 8, 8, 2

The 1, 2, 3, 4 electron shell can hold…
2, 8, 8, 2 electrons
For the first 20 elements the pattern is
2, 8, 8, 2
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Link
• Activity! Going outside and creating the atom
Nitrogen #7
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Going outside and creating the atom
Nitrogen #7
– Students need to be protons, neutrons, and electrons in
the correct orbitals.
• Boys neutrons, girls protons in nucleus?
– Bring your Periodic Table because teacher will require
you to build a few more atoms.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Most of the transition metals…
 2, 8, 18,

2
8
18
Copyright
© 2010
Ryan
P. Murphy
Copyright
© 2010
Ryan
P. Murphy
Most of the transition metals…
 2, 8, 18,

2
8
18
The transition metals are able to put up to 32 electrons in
their second-to-last shell
Copyright
© 2010
Ryan
P. Murphy
Copyright
© 2010
Ryan
P. Murphy
Most of the transition metals…
 2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 2

2
8
18
32
32
18
The transition metals are able to put up to 32 electrons in
their second-to-last shell
Copyright
© 2010
Ryan
P. Murphy
Copyright
© 2010
Ryan
P. Murphy
2
• After the second orbit or shell is filled,
things start to get complicated. The third
shell fills until it gets to 8, and then the
fourth shell starts adding electrons until it
too has 8 electrons. Then the third shell
fills until it gets to 18.
8
2
• After the second orbit or shell is filled,
things start to get complicated. The third
shell fills until it gets to 8, and then the
fourth shell starts adding electrons until it
too has 8 electrons. Then the third shell
fills until it gets to 18.
8
8
2
• After the second orbit or shell is filled,
things start to get complicated. The third
shell fills until it gets to 8, and then the
fourth shell starts adding electrons until it
too has 8 electrons. Then the third shell
fills until it gets to 18.
8
8
8
2
• After the second orbit or shell is filled,
things start to get complicated. The third
shell fills until it gets to 8, and then the
fourth shell starts adding electrons until it
too has 8 electrons. Then the third shell
fills until it gets to 18.
8
18
8
2
• Activity! Online Atom Builder.
– Please build Carbon, Nitrogen, Neon
– Can try the game levels 1-2.
• http://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulation/build
-an-atom
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Electron Orbitals Available Sheet
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• 2 electrons fill the first level
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• 2 electrons fill the first level
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• 2 electrons fill the first level
• 8 electrons fill the second level, ring, or
shell.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• 2 electrons fill the first level
• 8 electrons fill the second level, ring, or
shell.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• 2 electrons fill the first level
• 8 electrons fill the second level, ring, or
shell, and then…
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Atoms and Periodic Table of the Elements Unit on TpT
Not Smart Board Activity! Arrange the
electrons onto the Fluorine atom below #9
9 Protons
Electrons
Not Smart Board Activity! Arrange the
electrons onto the Fluorine atom below #9
9 Protons
Electrons
Not Smart Board Activity! Arrange the
electrons onto the Fluorine atom below #9
Answer!
9 Protons
Electrons
Not Smart Board Activity! Arrange the
electrons onto the Fluorine atom below #9
Answer!
2
9 Protons
Electrons
Not Smart Board Activity! Arrange the
electrons onto the Fluorine atom below #9
Answer!
2
9 Protons
Electrons
7
Not Smart Board Activity! Arrange the
electrons onto the Fluorine atom below #9
Answer!
2
9 Protons
Electrons
7
“I want
one
more.”
Not Smart Board Activity! Arrange the
electrons onto the Sulfur atom below #16
16
Protons
Electrons
2
16
Protons
Electrons
2
16
Protons
Electrons
8
2
16
Protons
Electrons
8
6
“We want
two more.”
2
16
Protons
Electrons
8
6
2
16
Protons
Electrons
8
6
2
16
Protons
Electrons
8
6
2
16
Protons
Electrons
8
6
2
16
Protons
Electrons
8
6
2
16
Protons
Electrons
8
6
2
16
Protons
Electrons
8
6
2
16
Protons
Electrons
8
8
Not Smart Board Activity! Arrange the
electrons onto the Potassium atom below
#19
19
Protons
Electrons
19
Protons
Electrons
Answer!
19
Protons
Electrons
2
Answer!
19
Protons
Electrons
2
8
Answer!
8
19
Protons
Electrons
2
8
Answer!
1
8
19
Protons
Electrons
2
8
Answer! One Valence Electron
1
8
19
Protons
Electrons
2
8
• You should doing page 5 and 6 in your
bundle.
• Additional Available Sheet. Orbitals,
– Find P+, N, and E-, Atomic #, Mass and more.
• Activity! Each table group needs to build
one of the SPONCH elements out of clay.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Each table group needs to build
one of the SPONCH elements out of clay.
– Provide Name, Atomic #, and Atomic Symbol
on note card.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Each table group needs to build
one of the SPONCH elements out of clay.
– Provide Name, Atomic #, and Atomic Symbol
on note card.
• Yellow = Proton, Red = Neutron, Green = Electron
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Each table group needs to build
one of the SPONCH elements out of clay.
– Provide Name, Atomic #, and Atomic Symbol
on note card.
• Yellow = Proton, Red = Neutron, Green = Electron
– Roll balls of clay into fairly large circles for the
correct number of protons.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Each table group needs to build
one of the SPONCH elements out of clay.
– Provide Name, Atomic #, and Atomic Symbol
on note card.
• Yellow = Proton, Red = Neutron, Green = Electron
– Roll balls of clay into fairly large circles for the
correct number of protons.
– Repeat for neutrons, calculate correctly,
(different color, slightly larger)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Each table group needs to build
one of the SPONCH elements out of clay.
– Provide Name, Atomic #, and Atomic Symbol
on note card.
• Yellow = Proton, Red = Neutron, Green = Electron
– Roll balls of clay into fairly large circles for the
correct number of protons.
– Repeat for neutrons, calculate correctly,
(different color, slightly larger)
– Roll very small balls into electrons (different
color).
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Each table group needs to build
one of the SPONCH elements out of clay.
– Provide Name, Atomic #, and Atomic Symbol
on note card.
• Yellow = Proton, Red = Neutron, Green = Electron
– Roll balls of clay into fairly large circles for the
correct number of protons.
– Repeat for neutrons, calculate correctly,
(different color, slightly larger)
– Roll very small balls into electrons (different
color).
– Arrange on table to show electron orbitals.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Slice open a neutron and proton and place
three quarks and gluons inside.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Slice open a neutron and proton and place
three quarks and gluons inside.
– Up quark = blue
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Slice open a neutron and proton and place
three quarks and gluons inside.
– Up quark = blue
– Down quark = green
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Slice open a neutron and proton and place
three quarks and gluons inside.
– Up quark = blue
– Down quark = green
– Gluons = any color
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Slice open a neutron and proton and place
three quarks and gluons inside.
– Up quark = blue
– Down quark = green
– Gluons = any color
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Slice open a neutron and proton and place
three quarks and gluons inside.
– Up quark = blue
– Down quark = green
– Gluons = any color
Proton (+)
Neutron (O)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Slice open a neutron and proton and place
three quarks and gluons inside.
– Up quark = blue
– Down quark = green
– Gluons = any color
Proton =Yellow
Neutron =Red
Electron=Green
Proton (+)
S
P
Neutron (O)
O
N
C
H
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity Worksheet! Create electron dot
diagrams in your journal for the following
elements.
– Also include atomic #, symbol, name and amu.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What’s SPONCH?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What’s SPONCH?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What’s SPONCH?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Atoms and Periodic Table of the Elements Unit on TpT
• There are just over one hundred different
kinds of known atoms.
• Ninety two of these elements are naturally
occurring (i.e. they are found on the earth),
and the remainder have been made
artificially in nuclear reactors.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Octet Rule – Elements want 8 electrons in
their outer shell (valence).
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Octet Rule – Elements want 8 electrons in
their outer shell (valence).
Octete Rule: Learn more
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/General_Chemistry
/Octet_Rule_and_Exceptions
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Octet Rule – Elements want 8 electrons in
their outer shell (valence).
– Go to your mini periodic table and
complete.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
H
Li
He
Be
N
O
F
Na Mg
Al Si P
S
Cl Ar
K
Ga Ge As Se Br Kr
Ca Sc Ti
B
C
Ne
• Using Lewis dot structures = The number
of electrons in outer shell.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Using Lewis dot structures = The number
of electrons in outer shell.
– You can now make molecules following the
octet rule.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Using Lewis dot structures = The number
of electrons in outer shell.
– You can now make molecules following the
octet rule.
Lewis Dot Structures: Learn
more…http://www.chem.ucla.edu/harding/le
wisdots.html
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• (Optional Link): Khan Academy
• Periodic Groups: Octet Rule (12 min)
Advanced Video.
• http://www.khanacademy.org/video/groups
-of-the-periodic-table?playlist=Chemistry
H
Li
He
Be
N
O
F
Na Mg
Al Si P
S
Cl Ar
K
Ga Ge As Se Br Kr
Ca Sc Ti
B
C
Ne
• Using Lewis dot structures = The number
of electrons in outer shell.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Link

Molecule: Two or more atoms join together
chemically.

Molecule: Two or more atoms join together
chemically.

Molecule: Two or more atoms join together
chemically.

Molecule: Two or more atoms join together
chemically.
• Activity! SPONCH Greetings.
• Activity! SPONCH Greetings.
– Six people will be assigned atoms from
SPONCH.
• Activity! SPONCH Greetings.
– Six people will be assigned atoms from
SPONCH.
– They need to shake hands with another atom.
• Activity! SPONCH Greetings.
– Six people will be assigned atoms from
SPONCH.
– They need to shake hands with another atom.
• Sulfur has two hands.
S
• Activity! SPONCH Greetings.
– Six people will be assigned atoms from
SPONCH.
– They need to shake hands with another atom.
• Sulfur has two hands.
-S-
• Activity! SPONCH Greetings.
– Six people will be assigned atoms from
SPONCH.
– They need to shake hands with another atom.
• Sulfur has two hands.
• Phosphorus has two hands one
foot
P
• Activity! SPONCH Greetings.
– Six people will be assigned atoms from
SPONCH.
– They need to shake hands with another atom.
• Sulfur has two hands.
• Phosphorus has two hands one
foot
-P-
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Link
• Available Sheet. Electron Dot Structures,
• Available Sheet. Electron Dot Structures,
• Let’s try a water molecule. H2O
– When using Lewis Dot Structures, a single
bond is represented with one line.
H=O
ll
H
• Let’s try a water molecule. H2O
– When using Lewis Dot Structures, a single
bond is represented with one line.
H=O
ll
H
• Let’s try a water molecule. H2O
– When using Lewis Dot Structures, a single
bond is represented with one line.
– Paired electrons get dots.
H=O
ll
H
• Activity! Whiteboards,
• Activity! Whiteboards, Worksheet,
• Activity! Whiteboards, Worksheet, and
Molecule Set.
• Activity! Whiteboards, Worksheet, and
Molecule Set.
Oxygen
• Activity! Optional. Build Molecules with
Legos. Learn more at…
– http://mindandhand.mit.edu/educators/curriculum
-packages/lego-chemistry.shtml
• Try Water H2O
Draw it and then build it
– Yellow = Hydrogen
– Red = Oxygen
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Try Water H2O
Draw it and then build it
– Yellow = Hydrogen
– Red = Oxygen
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Try Water H2O
Draw it and then build it
– Yellow = Hydrogen
– Red = Oxygen
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Try Water H2O
Draw it and then build it
– Yellow = Hydrogen
– Red = Oxygen
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Try Water H2O
Draw it and then build it
– Yellow = Hydrogen
– Red = Oxygen
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Try Water H2O
Draw it and then build it
– Yellow = Hydrogen
– Red = Oxygen
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Try Water H2O
Draw it and then build it
– Yellow = Hydrogen
– Red = Oxygen
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Available Sheet. Electron Dot Structures,
• Let’s try Methane CH4
• Let’s try Methane CH4
C
• Let’s try Methane CH4
H
H
H
H
C
• Let’s try Methane CH4
H
H
H
H
C
• Let’s try Methane CH4
H
H C
H
H
• Let’s try Methane CH4
H
H C
H
H
• Let’s try Methane CH4
H
H C H
H
• Some helpful tools.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Some helpful tools.
– Carbon can form a backbone
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Some helpful tools.
– Carbon can form a backbone or ring.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Some helpful tools.
– Carbon can form a backbone or ring.
– Hydrogens are on the outside.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Some helpful tools.
– Carbon can form a backbone or ring.
– Hydrogens are on the outside.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Some helpful tools.
– Carbon can form a backbone or ring.
– Hydrogens are on the outside.
– The smaller number is usually on the inside.
C3H8
C
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Some helpful tools.
– Carbon can form a backbone or ring.
– Hydrogens are on the outside.
– The smaller number is usually on the inside.
C3H8
C
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Some helpful tools.
–
–
–
–
Carbon can form a backbone or ring
Hydrogens are on the outside
The smaller number is usually on the inside
Double or triple bonds can often form
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Some helpful tools.
–
–
–
–
Carbon can form a backbone or ring
Hydrogens are on the outside
The smaller number is usually on the inside
Double or triple bonds can often form
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Some helpful tools.
–
–
–
–
Carbon can form a backbone or ring
Hydrogens are on the outside
The smaller number is usually on the inside
Double or triple bonds can often form
Oxygen forms a
double bond
here.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Link
• What Element are these?
• What Element are these?
• What Element are these?
• What Element are these?
• What Element are these?
• Which one is essential for life?
• Answer! Phosphorus (Part of DNA)
• Which one is rat poison?
• Answer! Arsenic
• How are these two elements similar?
• Answer! They both have 5 valence electrons?
• Answer! They both have 5 valence electrons?
Arsenic takes the place of Phosphorus in your
DNA which causes death.
• Carbohydrates: What three elements do
you think can be found in carbohydrates
based on their name?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Carbohydrates: What three elements do
you think can be found in carbohydrates
based on their name?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Carbohydrates: What three elements do
you think can be found in carbohydrates
based on their name?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Carbohydrates: What three elements do
“Hoot”
“Did anybody
you think can be
found“Hoot”
in carbohydrates
see hiding in those
based on their name?
Carbohydrates.”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Carbohydrates: What three elements do
you think can be found in carbohydrates
based on their name?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Link

Hydrocarbon: An organic compound consisting
entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Hydrocarbon: An organic compound consisting
entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Hydrocarbon: An organic compound consisting
entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Hydrocarbon: An organic compound consisting
entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Hydrocarbon: An organic compound consisting
entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Hydrocarbon: An organic compound consisting
entirely of hydrogen and carbon.
Hydrocarbons:
http://www.eoearth.or
g/article/Hydrocarbon_
chemistry?topic=49557
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Available Sheet. Electron Dot Structures,
• Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build
Propane C3H8
Black = Carbon
Yellow = Hydrogen
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build
Propane C3H8
Black = Carbon
Yellow = Hydrogen
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build
Propane C3H8
Black = Carbon
Yellow = Hydrogen
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build
Propane C3H8
Black = Carbon
Yellow = Hydrogen
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build
Propane C3H8
Black = Carbon
Yellow = Hydrogen
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Link

Alcohol: Mostly carbon and hydrogen with
an OH group
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Alcohol: Mostly carbon and hydrogen with
an OH group
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Alcohol: Mostly carbon and hydrogen with
an OH group
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Alcohol: Mostly carbon and hydrogen with
an OH group
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Alcohol: Mostly carbon and hydrogen with
an OH group
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy

Alcohol: Mostly carbon and hydrogen with
an OH group
Learn more:
http://www.chemguide.
co.uk/organicprops/alco
hols/background.html
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build
Alcohol C2H6O
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build
Alcohol C2H6O
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build
Alcohol C2H6O
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build
Alcohol C2H6O
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build
Alcohol C2H6O
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Link
• Which molecule below is C2H6O?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which molecule below is C2H6O?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which molecule below is C2H6O?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which molecule below is C2H6O?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which molecule below is C2H6O?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Ethanol C2H6O
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Link
• Which molecule below is C3H8O?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which molecule below is C3H8O?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Link
• Activity (Optional) Whoosh Bottle
• Obtain Materials, Safety Sheet, and Procedure at…
• http://www.nuffieldfoundation.org/practicalchemistry/whoosh-bottle-demonstration
• Whoosh Bottle Video Link:
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0aqH1JgmZ_4
• Activity (Optional) Whoosh Bottle
– Alcohol vaporizes easily and mixes with air.
• Activity (Optional) Whoosh Bottle
– Alcohol vaporizes easily and mixes with air.
– When mixed it becomes heavier than air and
sinks to bottom of bottle.
• Activity (Optional) Whoosh Bottle
– Alcohol vaporizes easily and mixes with air
– When mixed it becomes heavier than air and
sinks to bottom of bottle.
– Combustion reaction will be very fast.
• Activity (Optional) Whoosh Bottle
– Alcohol vaporizes easily and mixes with air
– When mixed it becomes heavier than air and
sinks to bottom of bottle.
– Combustion reaction will be very fast.
– The equation for the reaction is…
• Activity (Optional) Whoosh Bottle
– Alcohol vaporizes easily and mixes with air
– When mixed it becomes heavier than air and
sinks to bottom of bottle.
– Combustion reaction will be very fast.
– The equation for the reaction is…
(CH3)2CHOH(g) + 9/2 O2  3CO2(g) + 4H2O(g)
• Activity (Optional) Whoosh Bottle
– Alcohol vaporizes easily and mixes with air
– When mixed it becomes heavier than air and
sinks to bottom of bottle.
– Combustion reaction will be very fast.
– The equation for the reaction is…
(CH3)2CHOH(g) + 9/2 O2  3CO2(g) + 4H2O(g)
Isopropyl
Oxygen
Carbon Water
Alcohol
Dioxide
• Activity (Optional) Whoosh Bottle
– Alcohol vaporizes easily and mixes with air
– When mixed it becomes heavier than air and
sinks to bottom of bottle.
– Combustion reaction will be very fast.
– The equation for the reaction is…
(CH3)2CHOH(g) + 9/2 O2  3CO2(g) + 4H2O(g)
Isopropyl
Oxygen
Carbon Water
Alcohol
Dioxide
Was water found at the
end of the reaction?
This is really difficult
learning ahead and I’m
going to try my best to
learn it. I’m not going to
give up.
This is really difficult and
I’m going to quit as soon as
I don’t know it. I’m going
to check out completely or
create issues for those
choosing A.

Protein: Group of nitrogenous organic
compounds that are an essential part of
living cells. ONCH
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Atoms and Periodic Table of the Elements Unit on TpT
• We’ve learned the Bohr model of the electron.
– The electrons don’t orbit the nucleus like the
planets orbit the sun.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• We’ve learned the Bohr model of the electron.
– The electrons don’t orbit the nucleus like the
planets orbit the sun.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• We’ve learned the Bohr model of the electron.
– The electrons don’t orbit the nucleus like the
planets orbit the sun.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
This is extremely difficult
learning ahead and I’m
going to try my best to
learn it. I’m not going to
give up.
This is extremely difficult
and I’m going to quit as
soon as I don’t know it. I’m
going to check out
completely or create issues
for those choosing A.
This is extremely difficult
learning ahead and I’m
going to try my best to
learn it. I’m not going to
give up.
This is extremely difficult
and I’m going to quit as
soon as I don’t know it. I’m
going to check out
completely or create issues
for those choosing A.
• Video Link! Cassiopeia Project
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5MMWpeJ
5dn4&feature=fvsr
• Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
– You can't know with certainty both where an
electron is and where it's going next.
– That makes it impossible to plot an orbit for an
electron around a nucleus.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
– You can't know with certainty both where an
electron is and where it's going next.
– That makes it impossible to plot an orbit for an
electron around a nucleus.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
– You can't know with certainty both where an
electron is and where it's going next.
– That makes it impossible to plot an orbit for an
electron around a nucleus.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Electrons can get excited and enter a higher
energy state. (energy added).
• Electrons can get excited and enter a higher
energy state. (energy added).
– As they get further from the nucleus, their force
gets weaker and they can be removed more
easily.
• Electrons can get excited and enter a higher
energy state. (energy added).
– As they get further from the nucleus, their force
gets weaker and they can be removed more
easily. (Next Part in the Unit, Atomic Bonding)
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Link
Energy increases as you move up the
energy levels.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Energy increases as you move up the
energy levels.
1S¹
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Energy increases as you move up the
energy levels.
2S
2p
1S¹
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Energy increases as you move up the
energy levels.
2S
3S 3p
2p
3d
1S¹
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Energy increases as you move up the
energy levels.
2S
3d 4S 4p
3S 3p
2p
1S¹
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Energy increases as you move up the
energy levels.
2S
3d 4S 4p
3S 3p
2p
1S¹
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Energy increases as you move up the
energy levels.
Hint for later, the 4s has less energy so it fills up
before the 3d
2S
3d 4S 4p
3S 3p
2p
1S¹
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Video Link (Optional) Energy Shells and
Spectral Lines
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g6FYtS
GMVSw
Please record
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
Optional Method.
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
Try Carbon #6
So it has 6 electrons
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
Optional Method.
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
Try Carbon #6
So it has 6 electrons
1S2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
Optional Method.
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
Try Carbon #6
So it has 6 electrons
1S2 2S 2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
Optional Method.
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
Try Carbon #6
So it has 6 electrons
1S2 2S2 2P2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10 Not 2p6 because we don’t
have the electrons. We
only have 2 because
2+2+2 =6 (carbon)
Optional Method.
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
Try Carbon #6
So it has 6 electrons
1S2 2S2 2P2 = 6
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10 Not 2p6 because we don’t
have the electrons. We
only have 2 because
2+2+2 =6 (carbon)
Optional Method.
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
Try Carbon #6
So it has 6 electrons
1S2 2S2 2P2 = 6
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10 Not 2p6 because we don’t
have the electrons. We
only have 2 because
2+2+2 =6 (carbon)
Optional Method.
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
Try Silicon #14
So it has 14 electrons
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
Optional Method.
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
Try Silicon #14
So it has 14 electrons
1S2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Link
1S1
1S1
1S1
1S2
1S1
1S2
1S1
Aufbau principle: Electrons enter the
lowest energy first
1S2
1S1
1S2, 2S1
1S2
1S1
Note: it should be written like this but making
superscript is a bit challenging in .ppt
1S²
More energy further
from nucleus.
1S1
1S2, 2S1
1S2
New period = Increase
quantum number
1S1
1S2, 2S1
1S2
1S1
1S2, 2S1
1S2
1S1
1S2, 2S1
Note: It should be written like this but using
superscript is a bit challenging in .ppt
1S²,2S¹
1S2
1S1
1S2, 2S1
1S2
1S1
1S2, 2S1
1S2
1S1
1S2, 2S1
1S2
1S1
1S2, 2S1
1S2
1S2, 2S1, 2P2
1S1
1S2, 2S1
1S2
1S2, 2S1, 2P2
1S1
1S2, 2S1
1S2
1S2, 2S1, 2P2
1S1
1S2, 2S1
1S2
1S2, 2S1, 2P2
1S1
1S2, 2S1
1S2
1S2, 2S1, 2P2
1S1
1S2, 2S1
1S2
1S2, 2S1, 2P2
Can you try?
1S2
Si
Can you try?
Si
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Link
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
2
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
8
2
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
18
8
2
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
32
18
8
2
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
18
32
18
8
2
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
1
18
32
18
8
2
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
1
18
32
18
8
2
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
1
18
32
18
8
2
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2
4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 6s1
1
18
32
18
8
2
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2
4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 6s1
1
18
32
18
8
2
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
1S2
2S2
3S2
4S2
5S2
6S2
7S2
2p6
3p6
4p6
5p6
6p6
7p6
3d10
4d10 4f14
5d10 5f14
6d10
Energy increases as you move up the
energy levels.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Energy increases as you move up the
energy levels.
1S¹
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Energy increases as you move up the
energy levels.
2S
2p
1S¹
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Energy increases as you move up the
energy levels.
2S
3S 3p
2p
3d
1S¹
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Energy increases as you move up the
energy levels.
2S
3d 4S 4p
3S 3p
2p
1S¹
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Electron Configuration Battleship.
• Electron Configuration Battleship.
• Draw dark lines to represent your ships on the
flat battleship sheet.
– 4 battle ships (4 elements each) and one aircraft
carrier (8 elements). Horizontal or vertical.
• Call out an electron configuration to take a
shot. Ex. Nitrogen is 2p³
• If the opposition is confused assist them in learning
over trying to win the game. (It’s battlefriendship)
– Mark misses and hits on the vertical and
horizontal battleship sheet. Use two different
colored markers.
• Play until you have found and sunk all 5
ships. No cheaters!
• Draw dark lines to represent your ships on the
flat battleship sheet.
– 4 battle ships (4 elements each) and one aircraft
carrier (8 elements). Horizontal or vertical.
• Call out an electron configuration to take a
shot. Ex. Nitrogen is 2p³
• If the opposition is confused assist them in learning
over trying to win the game. (It’s battlefriendship)
– Mark misses and hits on the vertical and
horizontal battleship sheet. Use two different
colored markers.
• Play until you have found and sunk all 5
ships. No cheaters!
• Recommended link. Khan Academy
Electron Orbitals. (Advanced)
– #1)http://www.khanacademy.org/video/orbital
s?playlist=Chemistry (13 minutes)
– #2) http://www.khanacademy.org/video/moreon-orbitals-and-electronconfiguration?playlist=Chemistry (15 minutes)
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Link
• Video Link! Electron Crash Course.
– Optional and Advanced.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rcKilE9CdaA&li
st=PL8dPuuaLjXtPHzzYuWy6fYEaX9mQQ8oGr
• Optional Basic Organic Chem / Molecules
of Life and Health (Mini- Unit Available)
• You should have already completed page
5 and 6.
• You should have already completed page
5 and 6.
• You should be working on page 7 in your
bundle.
• You should be working on page 7 in your
bundle.
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Link
• Electrons and Orbitals Review Game.
• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Articles can be found at (w/ membership to
NABT and NSTA)
• http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p=
1
http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j
Please•visit
at least one of the
“learn more”
educational links
ournal=tst
provided in this unit and complete
this worksheet
• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Articles can be found at (w/ membership to and
NSTA)
• http://www.sciencedaily.com/
• http://www.sciencemag.org/
• http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo
urnal=tst
Areas of Focus within The Atoms and Periodic Table Unit:
Atoms (Atomic Force Microscopes), Rutherford’s Gold Foil Experiment, Cathode
Tube, Atoms, Fundamental Particles, The Nucleus, Isotopes, AMU, Size of
Atoms and Particles, Quarks, Recipe of the Universe, Atomic Theory, Atomic
Symbols, #’;s, Valence Electrons, Octet Rule, SPONCH Atoms, Molecules,
Hydrocarbons (Structure), Alcohols (Structure), Proteins (Structure), Atomic
Bonds, Ionic Bonds, Covalent Bonds, Metallic Bonds, , Precipitation Reactions,
Acids and Bases, Electron Negativity, Polar Bonds, Chemical Change,
Exothermic Reactions, Endothermic Reactions, Laws Conservation of Matter,
Balancing Chemical Equations, Oxidation and Reduction, Periodic Table of the
Elements, Organization of Periodic Table, Transition Metals, Acids and Bases,
Non-Metals, Metals, Metalloids, Ionization.
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Link
• This PowerPoint roadmap is one small part of
my Atoms and Periodic Table Unit.
• This unit includes a four part 2000+ slide
PowerPoint roadmap.
• 13 page bundled homework that chronologically
follows slideshow
• 14 pages of unit notes with visuals.
• 4 PowerPoint review games with answers.
• Activity sheets, rubrics, advice page, curriculum
guide, materials list, and much more.
• Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Link
• Please open the welcome / guide document
on each unit preview.
– This document will describe how to utilize these
resources in your classroom and provide some
curriculum possibilities.
Life Science
Curriculum Link
Human Body Systems and Health
Topics Unit
Anatomy Intro, Levels of Biological Organization Lesson
Bundle
Skeletal System Lesson Bundle
Muscular System Lesson Bundle
Anatomy Intro, Skeletal, Muscular System Review Game
Healthy Eating, Molecules of Life Lesson Bundle
Obesity, Dangers of Fast Food, Eating Disorders
Healthy Eating and Living Review Game
Eating Disorders, Anabolic Steroids
Digestive System Lesson Bundle
Circulatory System and Respiratory System Lesson Bundle
Anti-Tobacco, Dangers of Smoking Lesson Bundle
Circulatory and Respiratory System Review Game
Excretory System Lesson Bundle
Nervous System Lesson Bundle
Nervous System Review Game
Endocrine System Lesson Bundle, Puberty, Hormones
Human Reproductive Lesson Bundle, Fertilization
Endocrine and Reproductive System Review Game
Immune System, HIV, AIDS, STD's Lesson Bundle
Immune System, HIV, AIDS, STD's Review Game
Anatomy Crossword Puzzle
DNA and Genetics Unit
DNA Lesson Bundle
DNA Lesson Review Game
DNA Crossword Puzzle
Cell Division, Mitosis and Meiosis Lesson Bundle
Cell Division Review Game
Mitosis and Meiosis Crossword Puzzle
Genetics Lesson Bundle
DNA and Genetics Crossword Puzzle
Genetics Review Game
Cellular Biology Unit
Introduction to Cells, Cell History, Cheek and Onion Cell Lab,
Cell
Theory Lesson Bundle
Cell Review Game
Cell Transport Lesson Bundle, Osmosis, Diffusion, Active
Transport
Cell Transport Review Game
Characteristics of Life Lesson
Cellular Organelles Lesson Bundle
Cellular Organelles Visual Quiz
Cellular Organelles Review Game
Cell Unit Crossword Puzzle
Cell Unit Flash Cards
Cellular Biology Unit Preview, Homework Bundle, Unit Notes,
more
Life Science
Curriculum Link
Infectious Diseases Unit
Infectious Diseases Unit Intro and Virus
Lesson Bundle
Virus Lesson Review Game
Bacteria Lesson Bundle
Bacteria Review Game
Parasites Lesson Bundle
Immune System, HIV, AIDS, STD's
Lesson Bundle
Infectious Diseases Unit Crossword
Puzzle
Immune System, HIV, AIDS, STD's
Review Game
Evolution and Natural Selection
Evolution and Natural Selection Lesson Bundle
Evolution and Natural Selection Review Game
Human Evolution Lesson Bundle
Life Origins and Human Evolution Quiz Game
Geologic Timescale, Earth System History Lesson
Bundle
Earth Geologic History Quiz Game
Life Origins and Human Evolution Quiz Game Life
Origins, Miller Urey Experiment Lesson Bundle
Ecological Succession Lesson Bundle
Ecological Succession Review Game
Taxonomy and Classification Unit
Taxonomy and Classification Lesson Bundle
Taxonomy and Classification Review Game
Bacteria Lesson Bundle
Bacteria Review Game
Kingdom Protista Lesson Bundle
Kingdom Animal Lesson Bundle
Animal Phylums Visual Quiz
Class Mammalia Lesson Bundle
Kingdom Animalia Review Game and Mammalia
Kingdom Fungi Lesson Bundle
Kingdom Fungi Review Game
Kingdom Plantae Lesson Bundle
Botany Unit Review Game
Name the Kingdom, Phylum, Class Visual Challenge
Taxonomy and Classification Crossword Puzzle
Botany Unit
Botany Unit Intro, Non-vascular Plants, Plate Evolution
Lesson Bundle
Student Botany Projects, Grow Study Lesson Bundle
Botany Unit Review Game
Plants, Seeds, Seed Dispersal Lesson Bundle
Plants Review Game
Plants, Roots, Leaves, Lesson Bundle
Monocotyledons and Dicotyledons Lesson Bundle
Dendrochronology, Tree Ring Dating Lesson Bundle
Plant Hormones Lesson Bundle
Botany Unit Crossword Puzzle
Leaf Identification Lesson Bundle
Botany Unit Review Game
Plant Life Cycles, Flowers, Fruits Lesson Bundle
Plant Life Cycles, Flowers, Fruits Review Game
Life Science
Curriculum Link
Ecology Feeding Levels Unit
Ecology Food Chain Lesson Bundle
Biomagnification, Bioaccumulation of Pollution, Food Chain Lesson Bundle
Ecology Feeding Levels, Pyramid of Biomass, Number Lesson Bundle
Animal Dentition Lesson Bundle
Ecology Feeding Levels Unit Review Game
Ecology Feeding Levels Unit Crossword
Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit
Food Chain Board Game
Ecology Non-living Factors, Light Lesson
Bundle
Ecology, Non-living Factor Temperature
Ecology Interactions Unit
Lesson Bundle
Ecology Levels of Organization Lesson Bundle
Photosynthesis and Respiration,
Animal Habitats Lesson Bundle
Biogeochemical Cycles Lesson Bundle
Food Webs, Predator and Prey Cycles Lesson Bundle
Ecology Non-living Factors Quiz Game
Biodiversity and Population Sampling Lesson Bundle
Island Biogeography Lesson Bundle
Animal Competition Lesson Bundle
Nitrogen Cycle Lesson Bundle
Animal Camouflage and Mimicry Lesson Bundle
Phosphorus Cycle and Nutrient Pollution
Ecology, Camouflage, Mimicry, Population Sampling
Lesson Bundle
Review Game
Plant Succession, Fire Ecology, Lesson
Symbiosis Lesson Bundle
Bundle
Invasive Exotic Species Lesson Bundle
Ecology Interactions Part III, IV Review Game, Symbiosis, Ecological Succession Quiz Game
Ecology Flash Cards
Exotic Species
Ecology Interactions Unit Crossword Puzzle
Physical Science
Curriculum Link
Laws of Motion and Simple
Machines Unit
Newton's Three Laws of Motion
Newton's Laws of Motion Review Game
Friction Lesson, Types of Friction
Kinetic and Potential Energy Lesson
Newton's Laws and Forces in Motion
Forces in Motion Review Game
Catapults and Trajectory Lesson
Simple Machines Lesson
Simple Machines Review Game
Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Unit Flashcards
Laws of Motion and Simple Machines Crossword Puzzle
Laws of Motion, Forces in Motion, Simple Machines
Unit Preview, Homework, Notes
Atoms and the Periodic Table of the
Elements Unit
Science Skills Unit
Lab Safety Lesson Bundle
Microscopes and Magnification Lesson Bundle
Metric System / SI Lesson Bundle
Scientific Notation Lesson Bundle
Volume and Density Lesson Bundle
Scientific Method, Observation Skills Lesson Bundle
Science Skills Unit Flash Cards
Science Skills Unit Crossword Puzzle
Science Skills Unit Review Game
Science Skills Unit Preview, Homework Bundle,
Notes
Atoms, Atomic Number, Atomic Mass, Isotopes Lesson Bundle
Inside the Atom Lesson Bundle
Atoms Review Game
Atomic Theory, Electrons, Orbitals, Molecules Lesson Bundle
Atoms, Atomic Theory, Electrons, Orbitals, Molecules Review Game
Atomic Bonding, Balancing Chemical Equations, Reactions, Lesson Bundle
Atomic Bonding, Reactions, Equations Quiz Game
Atoms and the Periodic Table Crossword Puzzle and Solution
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit Preview, Homework Bundle, Unit Notes
Periodic Table of the Elements Unit Lesson Bundle
Periodic Table of the Elements Review Game
Matter, Energy, and the
Environment Unit
States of Matter, Physical Change, Chemical Change
States of Matter, Physical Change, Chemical Change Review
Game
Gas Laws Introductory Lesson Bundle
Gas Laws Review Game
Viscosity Lesson Bundle
Forms of Energy Lesson Bundle
Heat Transfer, Convection, Conduction, Radiation Lesson Bundle
Electromagnetic Spectrum Lesson Bundle
Forms of Energy, Particles, Waves, EM Spectrum Review Game
Electromagnetic Spectrum Visual Quiz
Electricity and Magnetism Lesson Bundle
Electricity and Magnetism Review Game
Matter and Energy Crossword Puzzle and Solution
Matter, Energy, and the Environment Unit Preview, Homework
Bundle, Notes
Environment Unit Bundle
Environment Unit Bundle Review Game
Earth Science
Curriculum Link
Geology Topics Unit
Plate Tectonics, Continental Drift, Earth's Core,
Plate Boundaries Lesson Bundle
Dynamic Earth Review Game
Plate Boundaries Visual Quiz
Volcanoes Lesson Bundle
Types of Volcanoes
Volcanoes Review Game
Earthquakes Lesson Bundle
Earthquakes Review Game
Rock Deformation, Compression, Tension,
Shearing
Minerals Lesson Bundle
Minerals Review Game
Rock or Mineral PowerPoint Quiz
Rocks and Minerals Lesson Bundle
Rocks and Minerals Flash Cards
Types of Rocks Visual Quiz
Rocks and the Rock Cycle Lesson Bundle
Rocks and Rock Cycle Review Game
Geologic Timescale, Earth System History Lesson
Bundle
Earth Geologic History Quiz Game
Geology Unit Crossword Puzzle
Geology Unit Preview, Bundled Homework, Unit
Notes
Astronomy Topics Unit
Solar System and Sun Lesson Bundle
Sun Lesson Bundle
Solar System and Sun Review Game
Solar and Lunar Eclipse Lesson Bundle
Inner Planets Lesson Bundle
Inner Planets Review Game
Moon, Phases of the Moon, Tides, Seasons, Lesson
Bundle
Rocketry Lesson Bundle
Asteroid Belt, Meteors, Torino Scale Lesson Bundle
Asteroid Belt and Rocketry Review Game
Mission to the Moon, Apollo Lesson
Outer Planets Lesson Bundle
Outer Planets Review Game
Beyond the Solar System Lesson Bundle
Beyond the Solar System, Galaxies, Black Holes,
Constellations Review Game
Galaxy Lesson, Hubble Exploration
Astronomy Unit Crossword Puzzle
Astronomy Unit in Spanish
Earth Science
Curriculum Link
Weathering, Soil Science, Soil
Conservation, Ice Ages, Glaciers
Unit
Mechanical and Chemical Weathering
Lesson Bundle
Mechanical and Chemical Weathering
Review Game
Soil Science Lesson Bundle
Erosion, Soil Conservation Lesson Bundle
Soil Science, Erosion, Soil Conservation
Review Game
Weathering, Soil Science Unit Flash
Cards
Weathering and Soil Science Crossword
Puzzle
Ice Ages and Glaciers Lesson Bundle
Ice Ages and Glaciers Review Game
Ice Ages and Glaciers Crossword Puzzle
Ice Ages, Glaciers Unit Flash Cards
Weathering, Soil Science, Soil
Conservation, Ice Ages, Glaciers Unit
Preview
Weather and Climate Unit
Atmosphere Lesson Bundle
Ozone Layer, Air Pollution, Skin Cancer
Atmosphere, Layers of the Atmosphere,
Pollution Quiz Game
Air Pressure and Winds Lesson Bundle
Severe Weather Lesson Bundle,
Hurricanes, Tornado, Blizzards
Seasons Lesson Bundle, Axial Tilt
Weather, Wind, Seasons, Quiz Game
Winds, Global Winds, Wind Chill Lesson
Bundle
Oceans and Weather, Water Cycle, Clouds
Lesson Bundle
Water Cycle and Clouds Lesson Bundle
Earth Science
Curriculum Link
Rivers, Lakes, and
Water Quality Unit
Rivers and Watershed Lesson Bundle
Flooding Lesson Bundle
Benthic Macroinvertebrate Lesson Bundle
Lake Turnover Lesson Bundle
Salmon Lesson Bundle
Fish Lesson, Fashion a Fish, Lesson Bundle
Rivers, Lakes, and Water Quality Unit Review Game
Rivers, Lakes, and Water Quality Crossword Puzzle
Rivers, Lakes, and Water Quality Unit Preview, Homework Bundle, Unit
Notes
Water Molecule Unit
Water Use, Water on Earth, Water Conservation Lesson Bundle
Groundwater, Groundwater Pollution Lesson Bundle
Properties of Water Lesson Bundle
Water Cycle Lesson Bundle
Water Unit Review Game
Water Unit Preview, Homework Package, Unit Notes, more
• Please visit the links below to learn more
about each of the units in this curriculum and
to see previews of each unit.
– These units take me four busy years to complete
with my students in grades 5-10.
Earth Science Units
Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide
Geology Topics Unit
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html
Astronomy Topics Unit
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html
Weather and Climate Unit
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html
Soil Science, Weathering, More
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html
Water Unit
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html
Rivers Unit
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html
= Easier
5th – 7th grade
= More Difficult
6th – 8th grade
= Most Difficult
8th – 10th grade
Physical Science Units
Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide
Science Skills Unit
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods.
html
Motion and Machines Unit
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html
Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html
Atoms and Periodic Table Unit
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html
Life Science Units
Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide
Human Body / Health Topics
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html
DNA and Genetics Unit
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html
Cell Biology Unit
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html
Infectious Diseases Unit
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html
Taxonomy and Classification Unit
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html
Evolution / Natural Selection Unit
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html
Botany Topics Unit
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html
Ecology Feeding Levels Unit
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm
Ecology Interactions Unit
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html
Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
• Thank you for your time and interest in this
curriculum tour. Please visit the welcome / guide on
how a unit works and please link to the many unit
previews to see the PowerPoint slideshows, bundled
homework, review games, unit notes, and much
more. Thank you for your interest and feel free to
contact me with any questions you may have. Best
wishes.
• Sincerely,
• Ryan Murphy M.Ed
• [email protected]