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Consultation on
proposals for a Scottish
Climate Change Bill
HIE consultation event
13 February 2008
Susie Gledhill,
Climate Change Bill Team
Scottish Government
Contents
• Context
• Bill – Targets
• Bill – Supporting Framework
• Bill – Reporting Scrutiny
• Bill – Supporting Measures
• Timings
• Questions
What’s happening elsewhere
UN
• Kyoto Protocol – UK target 12.5% GHG by 2008-2012
• Bali Roadmap – negotiations framework for global deal by 2009
EU
• 20% GHG by 2020 (30% if developed countries act)
• 10% GHG by 2020 (on 2005 levels) for non-traded sector
• Renewables target for energy use of 20% by 2020
UK
• UK Climate Change Bill - 26-32% CO2 by 2020, 60% by 2050
Scotland
• Scottish Climate Change Bill - 80% reduction by 2050.
• Government Economic Strategy – same 80% target and reductions
to 2011 to follow same pathway.
• Spending Review – cross-compliance
The purpose of the Bill
• To drive decisions in government and in
business
• To create and enable new means of reducing
emissions and adapting to climate change
• To play our part in global action on climate
change
• To provide a strong example to other countries
showing what can be done
What is in the Bill?
• A long term framework to ensure this and future
governments take action on climate change
• A limited number of specific policy measures in order to
begin reducing emissions in Scotland
• The Bill does not contain all the future policies needed to
reduce emissions to 2050
• Consultation also provides background information on
science, impacts, Scottish emissions, economics of
climate change and current action, and sources of
further information.
Content of Bill
• Targets
• Supporting framework
• Reporting and scrutiny framework
• Supporting measures
Target
Reduce emissions by 80% by 2050
Kyoto protocol baseline – 1990 and 1995 (F gases)
What gases are included in the target:
Carbon dioxide (CO2) or all substantial greenhouse
gases caused by human activities
(CO2, N2O, CH4, F-gases)
What are “Scottish emissions?”
Emissions that are emitted in Scotland, rather than
emissions that are a result of the consumption
patterns of the people of Scotland
Target
Type of target
• Cumulative total emissions
vs. percentage targets
Measurement issues
• Separate targets
• End-user inventory
• Interaction with EU
emissions trading scheme
• International credits
• International aviation and
shipping
Amending the target
Supporting framework
Interim multi-year emissions budgets
• Not annual targets or sectoral targets
• Independent advice on level of budgets
• Independent advice about when and in
which sectors cuts should be made
• Length of budgets: 3 – 8 years
Supporting framework
Emissions budgeting – what is it?
Average Annual
Emissions during:
Figure a: Indicative levels of the first three carbon budgets
1st budget period
2nd budget period
3rd budget period
2022
2021
2020
2019
3rd budget period
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014
2nd budget period
2013
2012
2011
2010
2009
2008
1st budget period
Supporting framework
Emissions budgeting
Figure b: Carbon Budget: detail of fluctuation in annual emissions
Average annual emissions
during budget period = 40MtCO2e
Carbon budget =
200 million tonnes
of CO2e
40
45
50
30
35
Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Year 5
Supporting framework
How will emissions budgets be set?
• Likely economic growth
• Likely population growth
• Likely technological progress
• Social impacts, including impact on rural areas
• Environmental impacts
• Impacts on the economy and business competitiveness
• International circumstances
• Scientific knowledge about climate change
• Anything else?
Supporting framework
Banking and borrowing
Reporting and Scrutiny framework
Mandatory annual and longer term reporting
• Net Scottish emissions
• Proposals/policies for reducing future emissions
• Adaptation
Other reporting options
• Effect of policies on international emissions
• Consumption measure
• Forecast of future emissions
• Anything else?
Reporting and Scrutiny framework
Accountability to Parliament
Handling new functions:
• Advice on setting budgets
• Monitoring progress
• Additional scrutiny
• Any other functions which need independence?
Using UK Committee on Climate Change for 2½ 3 years but propose including powers to create a
Scottish body in future
Supporting measures
Specific measures to reduce emissions or adapt to the
changing climate that need primary legislation
• New measures for the public sector
• Adaptation
• Environmental assessment
Further measures which may be included
• Energy efficiency and microgeneration
• Combined heat and power
• Waste reduction and recycling
• Carbon storage
• Heather burning
Supporting measures
Opportunities for public bodies
Could create powers to introduce measures in future
• Carbon trading schemes
• Duties on public bodies
• Statutory guidance
• Regulatory regimes
• Variable charging schemes
• Local reporting requirements
• Amend Best Value guidance (non-legislative)
Next steps
29 Jan
Launch consultation
23 April
Close consultation
Summer 08
Review results of consultation
Late 08
Present draft Bill to Parliament
Summary
Building a long-term, robust framework
to drive decision making
Bill content
Targets
Supporting framework
Reporting and scrutiny framework
Supporting measures
(amending or creating legislation to help reduce emissions
or adapt to climate change)