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Asia-Pacific Ministerial Meeting for Water
5th World Water Forum
Istanbul, 20 March 2009
Bridging Divides for Water Security
Wouter Lincklaen Arriens
Lead Water Resources Specialist
Asian Development Bank
How We Bridge
Divides
will make a big
difference for the
water security of
the world
Improving Water Security
in the Asia-Pacific Region
“The world of water will change
more in the next 20 years
compared to the past 2,000.”
Asit Biswas
2006 Stockholm Water Prize Laureate
Chair of Expert Panel for AWDO 2007
Do we know what will change
and how to adapt?
Drivers of Change
• Population growth
• Economic devt
• Urbanization
• Trade
• Energy
• Climate change
• Others…
Asia-Pacific’s Water Scene:
Progress and Challenges
• Encouraging: water supply coverage, policies
and laws for IWRM in river basins
• Challenges: serving rural needs, combating
pollution, sanitation “from toilet to river,”
reducing disaster risk, adapting to climate
change, implementing IWRM in basins
• Asia still has 2 faces: those who have a toilet,
and those who don’t (1 in 2)
>>> 1 billion people still defecate in the open
Emptying water towers…
Prof. Tomomi Yamada
Viet Nam: Sea Level Rise Effects
Source: ADB project estimates
A new island called Ho Chi Minh City?
5. Japan's response
to climate change
3-3 Integrated Flood and Urban Management
Japan Adaptation (from JICA)
Present
Future (after 100 years)
Image of flood disaster adaptation measures
1/150
Present target
of flood safety
Present target will
be decreased
because of
increased rainfall
Adaptation by
Structural
measures
1/70
Secured
safety
1/150
Target of flood
safety
Target of flood safety
after 100 years
Deterioration of
secured safety
1/40
1/20
Comprehensive flood control measuresNon-structural
Secured
flood safety
1/20
adaptation measures in
river basin, such as land use regulation
Water Financing Program
Investment Areas
Rural Water
Urban Water
Basin Water
Doubling investments for targeted outcomes!
Water Financing Program
Targeted Outcomes
Indicators
Sustainable access to safe drinking
water and improved sanitation
Units
million
people
Target
200
Progress*
65
More productive and efficient irrigation
and drainage services
million
people
40
7
Reduced risk of flooding affecting
people
million
people
100
35
Introduction of IWRM in river basins
river
basins
25
24
* Expected from projects approved since 2006
ADB Supports Regional Cooperation
Helping the Region Mobilize
• 1997 Subregional GWP partnerships
• 2003 World Water Forum in Japan
• 2006 Launched Asia-Pacific Water Forum
• Ongoing: water in subregional economic
groupings such as Greater Mekong, Central
Asia, Pacific, others
ADB Supports Regional Cooperation
Catalyzing Water Investments
• Water Financing Program 2006-2010
• Water Financing Partnership Facility
• Global Environment Facility
• PPP partnerships
• Sanitation initiative since 2007
• Climate change adaptation funds
ADB Supports Regional Cooperation
Capacity for Action
• Network of Asian River Basin Organizations
• Water Utility Networks for Southeast, South, and
Central Asia…
• Pacific Water Action Plan implementation
• CityNet and City Development Initiative Asia
• Water Operator Partnerships and twinning
• Water leadership programs
• APWF Steering Group on Climate Change
ADB Supports Regional Cooperation
Knowledge Networking
APWF KnowledgeHubs (13 hubs launched in 2008)
10 Key Operating Principles for Hubs
1. Vision and leadership for
2.
3.
4.
5.
achieving results in the hub’s
priority topic
A focus on meeting client needs
with relevant and feasible
solutions
An inclusive attitude to
knowledge networking with
clients and partners
An (international) team of
experienced specialists working
at the hub
A stimulating research
environment at the hub,
including internships
6. Generation, identification and
dissemination of state-of-the-art
knowledge
7. Regular comparative analysis of
progress in countries across the
region
8. Excellent products and services for
knowledge and capacity development
9. Adequate human and financial
resources to develop the hub’s
excellence
10.An entrepreneurial approach to
developing a sustainable business
model
ADB Supports Regional Cooperation
Increasing Public Outreach
• Regional water awareness program
• Water voices television documentaries
• Asia Water Wire network for journalists
• Partnering with Asian Broadcasting Union for
television documentaries using local stories
• World Toilet Organization, IWA, others
ADB Supports Regional Cooperation
Promoting Leadership
• Government, Corporate and civil Society
• 1st Asia-Pacific Water Summit in Japan 2007
• Asian Water Development Outlook 2007
• WEF Global Agenda Council for Water Security
• WSP on Economics of Investments in Water
• Link with initiatives by G8, Asia Society
• APWF Ministers for Water Security initiative
Ministers for Water Security Initiative
Leaders Dialogue for Action
• Your priorities in improving water security?
• What divides are you working to bridge?
• Your experience in investments and governance?
> How can partnerships and networks support you
in achieving your goals and targets?
ADB Commissions
Water Development Outlook 2010
• For policy and decision-makers
• How to improve water security in the region?
• Show progress by country and subregion
• Explain trends and new solutions
• Demonstrate how divides can be bridged
• Stimulate informed debate
Messages from AWDO 2007
Water Governance is Key
Inadequate water governance causes a raft of
adverse health and social issues that cost
countries in the region billions of dollars each year.
Committed leadership and existing knowledge and
technologies can help solve many water security
problems.
Improving Water Security
Guiding Vision
“Societies can enjoy water security when they successfully
manage their water resources and services to:
1. Satisfy household water and sanitation needs in all communities
2. Support productive economies in agriculture and industry
3. Develop vibrant, liveable cities and towns
4. Restore healthy rivers and ecosystems
5. Build resilient communities that can adapt to change.”
ADB teams up for AWDO 2010
APWF Partners
•
IWMI in Sri Lanka
•
ICHARM, JICA, ADB Institute in Japan
•
IWC in Australia
•
PUB and Lee Kuan Yew School in Singapore
•
ICIMOD in Nepal
•
FAO and UNESCAP in Thailand
•
APWF Subregional Coordinators
ADB President Kuroda:
7 Investment Priorities for the Region
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Rural water services
Bankable urban water projects
Sanitation and IWRM in basins
Climate change adaptation
Disaster preparedness
Leadership and knowledge sharing
Leveraging investments through
partnerships for water security
ADB President Kuroda:
Working in Partnership
“Working in partnership,
we can catalyze and leverage investments
and pool the region’s knowledge
in these 7 priority areas,
to raise the standard of living for hundreds
of millions of poor people in the region and
increase water security for all.”
www.adb.org/water
[email protected]