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Transcript
PREPARED: ENABLING CHANGE
Climate Change: Securing the preparedness of water
supply and sanitation systems in 12 European cities
Adriana Hulsmann
KWR Watercycle Research Institute,
the Netherlands
Workshop on adaptation to climate change
2nd of November 2011, Lefkosia Cyprus
Project Information
• Project Title: PREPARED - Enabling
Change
Adaptation of water supply and sanitation
systems to cope with climate change
•
•
•
•
•
Budget: 10.7 mill EUR;
EU Support: 7 mill EUR (FP7)
Project duration: 4 years
Project start: 1 February 2010
Partners: 35
Prepared enabling change
2
The PREPARED project
Gathers urban utilities in Europe and worldwide that (will) have an
advanced strategy in meeting the upcoming challenges for water
supply and sanitation brought about by climate change.
Coordinating institute: KWR Watercycle Research Institute
the Netherlands (Coordinator Adriana Hulsmann)
Prepared enabling change
3
Environment Programme - Call FP7-ENV-2009-1
ENV.2009.3.1.1.1 - Grant agreement 244232
PREPARED STRATEGY
PREPARED addresses the adapation of
the urban water cycle
Demand driven project and goal
oriented research and demonstration
Strong utility/end-user driven definition
of the overall research
Research activity is developed with/for
the utilities and demonstrated by the
utilities
Prepared enabling change
4
City/Utility Challenges
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Surface water availability
Groundwater availability
Surface water quality impact
Impacts on drinking water systems
Impacts on sanitation systems
Flooding
Vulnerability and risks
Prepared enabling change
5
PREPARED City/Utility partners
Prepared enabling change
6
City/Utility Partners
Aarhus
Barcelona
Berlin
Eindhoven
Genoa
Gliwice
Istanbul
Lisbon
Lyon
Melbourne
Oslo
Seattle
Simferopol
Wales
Denmark
Spain
Germany
The Netherlands
Italy
Poland
Turkey
Portugal
France
Australia
Norway
USA
Crimea
United Kingdom
Prepared enabling change
7
Selection of the city utilities in
PREPARED
Geographic representation of Europe
Coverage of challenges posed by climate
change
Willingness to test and demonstrate
Availability of an investment programme
Prepared enabling change
8
Research/Technology Partners
CETAQUA Spain
CSRC
•
Prepared enabling change
)
Ukraine
DHI
Denmark
IETU
Poland
INSA
France
IRIDE
Italy
KWR
Netherlands
KWB
Germany
LNEC
Portugal
SINTEF
Norway
TUBITAK
Turkey
UNBRAD
UK
UNINNS
Austria
(Melbourne)
9
Research/Technology Partners
Aquateam
N
IWA
NL
IWW
D
Krüger
Prepared enabling change
DK
Monash
AUS
NIVUS
D
S::can
AT
Exeter
UK
10
Challenges: climate change
Identified impacts of climate change either expected or
already observed for water supply and sanitation
systems
Water supply:
• Surface water availability
• Change in run-off patterns and surface water quality
• Groundwater availability (decreased natural
recharge)
• Saline intrusion in groundwater in coastal area
• Changing demand patterns, land use (temperature,
crop)
• Flooding of well field
• Bio-growth in distribution network
• Treatment efficiency
Sanitation:
• Extreme precipitation (sustainable drainage, CSO,
increased storage, WWTP)
• Salt water intrusion
Prepared enabling change
11
Survey of identified
Climate Change
related issues to
address by the
Cities/utilities
3 Alliances among the
utilities :
•Adaptation to Water
resource scarcity/quality
changes
•Adaptation to extreme
rainfall events
•Integrated approaches to
adaptation – Enabling
change
Prepared enabling change
12
Technology heart of PREPARED
Work Area
5 (SINTEF,
NO):
Planning
for
resilient
water
supply and
sanitation
systems
Prepared enabling change
Work Area 3
(INSA, FR):
Tool box
for real time
monitoring
and
Work Area 4
modelling
(DHI, DK):
Integrated real
time
monitoring
and
management
systems
WA3 Increase technological
capacity and performance of
traditional water supply and
sanitation systems by better use
of sensors and models.
WA4 Increase capacity and
performance by adapting
existing systems through new
integrated RTC and EWS/DSS. RT
management
WA5 Planning for more resilient
systems, including hybrid
systems: centralised and
decentralised. Whole water
cycle: drinking water, rainwater,
storm water, waste water, grey
water
13
Enabling change
Cross cutting issues:
Work Area 6
(UNBRAD,
UK):
Technology Enabling
Developme Change
nt:
Work Area
3
Work Area
4
Work Area
5
Work Area 2
(KWR, NL):
Risk
Assessment
and Risk
Management
WA2 Risk assessment, risk
management, Water Cycle
Safety Plans, uncertainty.
WA6 socio-economic impacts,
energy-reduction and
awareness issues
Tools, frameworks,
software and procedures
for all stakeholders to
enable and manage the
changes.
Investment strategies,
‘no-regret’ scenarios.
Prepared enabling change
14
System Performance
Climate Change Adaptation strategy
Performance declines over time due to
external influences and asset deteoriation
Knowledge about
Climate Change
Performance standard
Incremental adaptation responses
Large investment
in infrastructure
Time
More rapid change in external
drivers than anticipated will
after a few years result in more
rapid decline in performance
Prepared enabling change
15
What will the PREPARED
project deliver?
Prepared enabling change
16
The PREPARED project
deliverables (1)
• Will produce a catalogue/portfolio of tested and
demonstrated adaptive solutions for the water sector
(on-line version for the future)
• Will develop Water Cycle Safety Plans (generic risk
management framework)
Prepared enabling change
17
The PREPARED project
deliverables (2)
Will produce a toolbox for real time monitoring and
modeling
Increase the technological capacity and performance of
existing water systems
Help utilities to better plan for more resilient water
systems
Enabling change: different and more flexible
approaches to address climate change impacts
(dealing with uncertainty)
PREPARED Cities network
PREPARED city branding tool
Prepared enabling change
18
Portfolio of tested adaptive solutions
Securing and
planning water
supply (3)
Integrating
Climate Change
Impacts in
Sanitation
systems
investment
planning (2)
Prepared enabling change
Preparing
Sanitation
systems
operation under
Climate change
influences (7)
Promoting the
use of
alternative water
resources (2)
Adapting water
supply systems
(4)
Integrated
approaches to
enable climate
change
adaptation (8)
19
Portfolio “Securing and planning
water supply”
Decision support system for planning complex urban
water systems for regions under water stress
(Barcelona)
Substance flow model and decision support tool for
managing drinking water supply from varying sources
under climate change conditions in partially closed
water cycles (Berlin)
Model simulating the effect of alternative price
systems and regulation schemes on the demand of
water in urban areas to support water resource
planning (Italy)
Prepared enabling change
20
Portfolio “Promoting the use of
alternative water resources”
Conceptual scheme of catchment and
conservation of water from high flow
events (Barcelona)
Conceptual scheme for rainwater
harvesting and grey water management
as alternative resource for regions under
water stress (Istanbul)
Prepared enabling change
21
Portfolio “Adapting water supply
systems”
Decision support system for the competing uses of
source water incl. protection of water intakes
(Genoa, Simferopol)
System for distributed real time disinfection control
(Lisbon)
Remedial actions to prevent adverse effects of
regrowth in networks at higher temperatures (Oslo)
System for early warning of deteriorating water
quality in distribution networks (Eindhoven)
Prepared enabling change
22
Portfolio “Integrating Climate Change Impacts in
Sanitation systems investment planning”
Methodologies for urban runoff risk assessment
(Barcelona , Seattle)
Planning instrument for an integrated and
recipient/impact based CSO control under
conditions of climate change (Berlin)
Prepared enabling change
23
Portfolio “Preparing Sanitation systems operation”
New methodologies for sediments monitoring in
sewer networks (Barcelona)
Integrated real time control of sanitation systems
incl. early warning for WQ in receiving waters
(Oslo, Aarhus)
Demonstration system for early warning of
health risks from faecal contamination in
recreational waters (Lisbon )
Prepared enabling change
24
Prototype software tool for sensor calibration
and verification and to evaluate uncertainties in
measurements (Lyon)
Real time integrated monitoring system
supporting improved rainfall monitoring (Lyon,
Aarhus)
Models and knowledge for maintenance of
wastewater networks exposed to rapid changes
in flow (Oslo)
Enhanced real-time measuring and forecasting
technologies for combined sewer system
(Gliwice)
Prepared enabling change
25
Portfolio “Integrated approaches to
enable climate change adaptation””
Water Cycle Safety Plan protocol, Water Cycle
Hazard Database, Database of risk reduction options
(Eindhoven, Lisbon, Simferopol and Oslo)
Audit tool will to estimate the adaptive capacity of
current assets and asset plans (Wales)
Calibrated Virtual Urban Water Systems software tool
(Melbourne)
Prepared enabling change
26
What are the links between PREPARED and EU policy?
Prepared enabling change
27
Policy related issues (1)
1.• GWD implementation in Member States
) can cause
barriers to MAR & dune infiltration for underground
storage and water quality improvement.
2. WFD pricing policy for water in some Member States will
cause barrier to sustainable water use (selling price lower
than production cost).
3. DWD inclusion of RA/RM concept would boost WCSP
approach.
Prepared enabling change
28
Policy related issues (2)
4. UWWTD and BWD drivers behind
investments urban water cycle
Stricter national standards will
increase investment needs (CSO).
5. BWD allows the use of EWS for
overflows in receiving waters.
6. Infiltration of residual waste from
desalination in the ground.
Prepared enabling change
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Prepared enabling change
30
THANK YOU
Prepared enabling change
31