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2. Leisure at the international scale: Tourism
2 hours
1. To explain the long & short term trends
and patterns in international tourism.
Where to look for information
Waugh, An Integrated Approach, Third Edition: p.588.
Codrington, Planet Geographhy, Fourth Editiion: p.615-618.
Prosser, Leisure, Recreation and Tourism, Second Edition: p.116-136.
Long and Short Term Trends and
patterns in International Tourism
Future Trends
Boom & Burst
•A booming UK economy and impressive advances in
transport technologies have fuelled a growth in travel
worldwide. People travel more frequently, for further
and at faster speeds than ever before and there are
many new reasons to go abroad.
•But precarious trade-offs have been needed in order
to meet the UK’s emission targets, and many
destinations are suffering from serious overcrowding.
People are now asking: how long can this growth be
Divided Disquiet
• Traveling overseas is an unattractive proposition. A
toxic combination of devastating climate change
impacts, violent wars over scarce resources and
social unrest has created an unstable and fearful
world. Security is tight and travel is cumbersome,
time-consuming and inefficient.
• Visitors are highly selective in where and when they
travel, cramming into a small number of destinations
where tight restrictions and overcrowding
compound the problems. Many people have begun
to think that holidaying abroad just makes the
problems worse.
Price and Privilege
• A dramatically high oil price has made travel
punitively expensive. Cost is the primary concern for
holidaymakers as everyone asks: how far can I get
for my money?
• Although a small, elite market continues to fly
regularly, the vast majority of people simply cannot
afford the experience. There have been mass
redundancies across the travel industry and the
affordability of overland routes has led to radical
Carbon Clampdown
• Tradable carbon quotas have been introduced for all
UK households as part of the government’s bold
plans to tackle climate change. The public has
clamored for tough action as environmental impacts
are increasingly felt.
• Holidaymakers are highly sensitive to the impacts of
their travel and seek ethical experiences that are
within their carbon budget. Holidaying in Britain is
back in fashion and has soared in popularity.
Over to You
• Summarise the message from each of the
videos. Add the title to your work.
• Which scenario do you think is the more
likely option and why? Think about current
global trends in travel.
• Be prepared to present your argument to
the rest of the class.