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Health Literacy
Mr. Doroski
• Wellness – is the concept of practicing all the
things that keep one well to maximize
personal potential in a variety of ways.
Benefits of Wellness
• According to the U.S. Surgeon General, about
83% of all deaths before age 65 could have
been prevented.
•Heart Disease
Leading Causes of Death 1900
Leading Causes of Death Today
Infectious Diseases
• At the beginning of the 20th century, the most
common health problems were infectious
diseases such as influenza, diphtheria, polio,
and tuberculosis.
• Infection - the pathological state resulting
from the invasion of the body by pathogenic
Scientific Advances
• Scientific advances enabled us to wipe out
many of those diseases or, at the least, to
reduce dramatically the deaths they caused.
Scientific Advances
• Those same scientific advances, however, also
began an age of convenience characterized by
a sedentary lifestyle, more alcohol
consumption, and a diet permeated by fats
and sugars.
• Permeate = to spread or diffuse
21st Century Health Aliments
• The Result was America’s new health
21st Century Health Ailments
• Chronic Diseases – illnesses that linger over
time and may get progressively worse.
– Examples: heart disease, cancer, diabetes,
emphysema, and cirrhosis of the liver.
• Chronic = Marked by frequent
• Cyclical
21st Century Health Ailments
• Chronic Diseases =
A Personalized Approach
• Vital to achieving health and wellness is your
willingness to take personal responsibility for
your behaviors and choices.
Being Health Literate
• Health Literacy describes an individual’s
capacity to obtain, interpret, and understand
basic health information and services and use
such information and services in a way that
promotes his or her health and wellness.
To be health literate, a person
must be:
• A critical thinker and problem solver.
• A responsible, productive citizen.
• A self-directed learner.
• An effective communicator.