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Health Literacy Mr. Doroski Wellness • Wellness – is the concept of practicing all the things that keep one well to maximize personal potential in a variety of ways. Benefits of Wellness • According to the U.S. Surgeon General, about 83% of all deaths before age 65 could have been prevented. •Cancer •Pneumonia •Tuberculosis •Suicide •Heart Disease •Injuries Leading Causes of Death 1900 Leading Causes of Death Today Infectious Diseases • At the beginning of the 20th century, the most common health problems were infectious diseases such as influenza, diphtheria, polio, and tuberculosis. Infection • Infection - the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms. Scientific Advances • Scientific advances enabled us to wipe out many of those diseases or, at the least, to reduce dramatically the deaths they caused. Scientific Advances • Those same scientific advances, however, also began an age of convenience characterized by a sedentary lifestyle, more alcohol consumption, and a diet permeated by fats and sugars. • Permeate = to spread or diffuse throughout. Synonyms Antonyms •Invade •Deplete •Infuse •Empty •Saturate •Reduce 21st Century Health Aliments • The Result was America’s new health problem… 21st Century Health Ailments • Chronic Diseases – illnesses that linger over time and may get progressively worse. – Examples: heart disease, cancer, diabetes, emphysema, and cirrhosis of the liver. • Chronic = Marked by frequent reoccurrence. Synonyms Antonyms •Continuous •Uncommon •Persistent •Seldom • Cyclical •Sporadic 21st Century Health Ailments • Chronic Diseases = A Personalized Approach • Vital to achieving health and wellness is your willingness to take personal responsibility for your behaviors and choices. Being Health Literate • Health Literacy describes an individual’s capacity to obtain, interpret, and understand basic health information and services and use such information and services in a way that promotes his or her health and wellness. To be health literate, a person must be: • A critical thinker and problem solver. • A responsible, productive citizen. • A self-directed learner. • An effective communicator.