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Transcript
Taking Charge of Your Health
Chapter One
Wellness: The New Health Goal
• Health
– Usually refers to the condition of a person’s body (Absence
of injury or illness)
• Wellness
– Not limited to the absence of physical disease
– Multidimensional state of optimal well-being determined
by the decisions you make
• Six Dimensions of Wellness:
–
–
–
–
–
–
Physical
Emotional
Intellectual
Spiritual
Social
Environmental
• .
2
Wellness: The New Health Goal
The Wellness Continuum
3
Wellness: Then and Now
• In the1900’s
• Since the 1900’s
– ~Lifespan = 47 yrs.
– Most died from infectious
disease
– An Infectious disease is:
easily spread from one
person to another
(bacteria & viruses)
– After 1900’s vaccine &
antibiotic development
reduced # of infectious
diseases
– ~Life span has doubled
– Currently, most die from
chronic disease
– A chronic disease:
develops and continues
over a long period of
time
– Lifestyle choices
increase or decrease
the risk of chronic
disease
4
Leading Causes of Preventable
Death in the United States
The Healthy People Initiative
• Healthy People 2020 has several
objectives:
– Eliminate preventable disease, disability,
injury and premature death
– Achieve health equity, eliminate
disparities and improve health of all
groups
– Create social and physical environments
that promote health
– Promote healthy development &
behaviors across all stages of life
6
Factors That Influence Wellness
• Health habits
• Heredity/Family history
– Genome: entire amount of genetic
material (DNA) in a persons cells
– Favorable and unfavorable genes are
inherited that decrease/increase risk
of disease
• Environment
• Access to Health care
7
Getting Serious About Your
Health
• Examine current health habits
• Choose a Target Behavior
– Defined as: One behavior you want to
change; start simple
• Learn About Your Target Behavior
• Find Help
Changing Your Behavior
• Setting Realistic Goals
– What do I want?
– Which change is the greatest priority at this
time?
– Why is this important to me?
– What are the potential positive outcomes?
– Are there family or friends whose help I can
enlist?
– Your behavior change goals should be
SMART: SPECIFIC, MEASURABLE,
ATTAINABLE, REALISTIC, TIME-FRAME
SPECIFIC
• Transtheoretical Model of Health Behavior
Change
– Precontemplation
• No current intention of changing
– Contemplation
• Recognize a problem and begin to contemplate the
need to change
– Preparation
• Close to taking action, and may have a plan
– Action
• Begin to follow action plans or outwardly modify behavior
– Maintenance
• Have maintained a behavior for at least six months;
Vigilance, attention to detail, and long-term commitment
– Termination
• New behavior has become an essential part of daily
living
Things to Know
• What is health? wellness? What is the difference between the
two?
• What are the six dimensions of wellness? Read about the
occupational and financial wellness
• What is the wellness continuum?
• How do the dimensions of wellness interact?
• How has wellness changed from 1900’s until now? Why?
• What is an infectious disease and examples of? What is a
chronic disease and examples of?
• What are two leading causes of preventable death in the
U.S.
• What is the Healthy People 2020 and the goals discussed in
class?
11
Things to Know
• What are factors that influence wellness?
• What is a genome?
• How can inheriting unfavorable/abnormal genes
increase/decrease the risk of disease?
• What is the process discussed in class for getting serious about
your health?
• Tips for changing a behavior
• What is the transtheoretical model for change, what are the
stages and their characteristics?
12