Download FENOMENO STRESS

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Psychoneuroimmunology wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Br uno Demichelis Ph.d.
Principles of Developmental Management in
Football clubs
And
Psychology and Psychophysiology
Principles of Developmental
Management
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
The systemic approach
The global approach
The proactive approach
Promoting wellness and wellness profiling
Training confidence and positive affect
“Organisational hygiene”
Psychology and Psychophysiology
Systemic approach
ρ=ρ1*ρ2*ρ3*ρ4….. ρn
The Triangle of Health
Structural functional
16 gennaio 2011
EVALUATION
Characteristic Tests
Lab
Circuit
Structural functional
Performance Tests
JJ
J

L
LL
THE WELL-BEING GRADING SYSTEM
PATHOLOGY - DISEASE
WELLNESS
1st Birth and
Wellness
3rd Step: Recovery and maintenance of
the wellness
Prevention: Measures to Prevent, Preservation and
Increase of health status
Maintaining Health
Recovery of health
2nd : Deterioration of
Health and Illness
The Triangle of Health
Structural functional
16 gennaio 2011
THE STRESS
stress is the mental and physical
response to a number of tasks
(cognitive, emotional or social)
perceived as excessive.
Two ideas for a
introductory
approach to the
concept of Stress. . .
THe STRESS
Stress is a normal response,
adaptive, that mobilizes the
reserves of the human organism,
facilitates the uptake of energy for
the muscles, raises the
cardiovascular tone and beat rate
to transport oxygen faster, and
commands the temporary
suspension of non-core activities,
such as growth.
(Selye, 1975a,1975b).
Stress reaction
Stimuli:
- Real
- Alleged Real
- Fictitious
Response:
Fight or Flight
Hazardou
s stimuli
Feeling
SCARED!
Response
First Step The perception through the Sensorial Channels
VISUAL
CHANNEL
OLFACTORY
CHANNEL
AUDITORY
CHANNEL
PERCEPTION AND
RECOGNITION OF
STIMULI AS STRESSFUL
KINESTESIC
CHANNEL
Second Step:“THEATER”
OF OUR MIND...
2nd
NOT Dangerous
stimulus, but lived
as a"threat"
3rd
Threats that we
create in the screen
of our mind ...
In the theater of our mind, we
represent "our reality ...", we live the
associated emotions, we make
decisions and we behave according to
this representation.
1st
"Real" threat,
experienced as
such
1
Corporeal Electro chemical Language
1
The alarm reaction is activated
Third Step: The Physiological Change
by the cholinergic
Neurotransmitters (serotonin)
2
3
Hypothalamus:
CRH
4
Corticotropine
and Argine
Vasopresine
4
Locus
Coeruleus
5
Sympathetic
nervous system
Adrenal
Glands
Cortisol
Dopamine
2
7
5
Reaction of
Generalized
STRESS
6
6
Pituitary:
ACTH
Adrenaline
Noradrenaline
Third Step: PHYSICAL, BIOLOGICAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL AND
OTHER STRESSORS
STRESS RESPONSE
CEREBRAL CORTEX
HYPOTHALAMUS
EMOTIONS
SENSORY
NERVES
SKIN
NEURO-PEPTIDE P
OTHER CHEMICAL
MEDIATORS
PITUITARY GLAND
AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM
ADRENERGIC
CHOLINERGIC
Heart Rate
Respiration
Sweating
Blood Pressure
Gastric Acidity
Digestion
Intestinal Movements
Bronchial Spasm
Emotional Changes
Body Metabolism
Other Changes
OTHER ENDOCRINES
ADRENAL GLANDS
ALPHA, BETA
RECEPTORS
THYMUS GLAND
T CELLS
REDUCED
IMMUNE
STATUS
Fourth Step: Different
Stages of Stress
1.The first stage, of alarm, is characterized by changes in the
sympathetic nervous system and simultaneously will result in
changes in the various sub-systems (cardiovascular, hormonal,
muscular and gastrointestinal) and prepares the body for action.
2.The second phase, of resistance, begins after the first critical
stage, when the body adapts to the new situation, restoring
normal levels of defense. Its duration may depend on the
intensity of stress agents the context and available personal
resources.
3.The third stage, of exhaustion, in which the level of general
defenses of the organism are again very low and, if are not
involved adequate mechanisms for recovery or if the stress
agent continues to interfere, the body can fall into conditions of
fatigue and tension, of illness or, eventually, death.
Fifth Step :
Stress and Performance
D
I
F
F
E
R
E
N
T
P
E
R
F
O
R
M
A
N
C
E
Element in common:
an exaggerated
perception of ANXIETY
"I can not go
wrong !"
"I must not
feel ashamed!"
"I must avoid
mistakes!"
"I can not
kick out!"
Fifth Step: Stress
INTERFERENCES
Final Action:
A MISTAKE!
and Performance
FLOW WITHOUT
INTERFERENCES
Action
Muscles
Muscles
Glands
Glands
Brain
Brain
Thoughts:
I do not
have to
make
mistakes!
Thoughts
EXAGGERATED ANXIETY
MODERATE ANXIETY
Fifth Step: Stress
and Performance
BREAKDOWN
Sixth Step:
Overview
- NO STRESS
- QUALITY
- QUANTITY
- INTENSITY
- DURATION
- INTERNAL OR
AVAILABLE
-Positive Stress
RESOURCES
(Eustress)
- STRESS
- Emotional
pressure
(Distress)
From ...
... to.
QUESTIONS?