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Transcript
Chapter 10: The Muslim World
600-1250
• Allah – The One God according to Islam
beliefs
• Muhammad – Born into a powerful Meccan
family, orphaned at 6, little schooling,
Greatest Prophet according to Islamic
Beliefs
• Muslim – The one who has submitted
• Islam – Submission to the will of Allah
Chapter 10 Vocabulary
• Quran – the holy book of Islam
• Caliph – rightly guided leader (Abu-Bakr) the
successor to spread Muhammad’s Islamic Ideas
• Umayyad – powerful ruling family, moved
Muslim capital to Damascus away from Mecca
• Sunni – Believe Muslim rulers should follow
Muhammad’s example, claim that Shi’a have
distorted the meaning of the Quran
• Shi’s – Believe that all Muslim rulers should be
descended from Muhammad, claim Sunni have
distorted the meaning of the Quran