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Ch.6 Study Guide INDIA Sanskrit • Sanskrit is an Aryan language that many Indian languages are based on. Buddhism • Buddhism is the religion that teaches a calm mind, love, truth, and the joy of knowledge. Untouchables • The untouchables were at the bottom of the Hindu caste system in society of ancient India. Inoculations • Inoculations were used by Indian doctors to prevent diseases more than a century before European and American doctors used them. Inoculations • Some modern day examples of inoculations are the flue shot, chicken pox shots, pneumonia shot, hepatitis B shots, and tetnus shots. Sanskrit • Sanskrit is the basis for many Indian languages, which were brought by the Aryans when they entered India. Founder of Buddhism • The founder of Buddhism was Gautama, and the followers of Buddhism are known as Buddhists. Aryans • The Aryans brought horses, the Vedas, and the belief in reincarnation. Also the caste system to India. Arabic Numerals • The importance of Arabic numerals is obvious in that Arabic numerals are still used today. Brahmans • The Brahmans made up the head in the Indian caste system. The Brahmans were also called priests and scholars. Question • The main question that caused the Buddhist religion to exist is: Why is there so much suffering in the world, and how might it be ended? Competition • When the Aryans first made their way into India, they competed for farmland with each other. Ashoka • When Ashoka conquered the Kalinga people he realized that his way of ruling was cruel. Ashoka soon became a Buddhist and changed from a cruel ruler into a fair one.