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6th grade ancient history
2 questions on the CST
• The Aryans invaded India in 1500 B.C.
•India’s first major religion was Hinduism, which involved a
universal spirit called Brahman. The worship of this spirit is
sometimes called Brahmanism.
• Vedas (meaning knowledge) are a collection of sacred
hymns and poems.
•India developed great literature in Sanskrit (an
ancient language of India), such as the Bhagavad
Gita (story of the warrior Prince Arjuna).
•They also developed Hindu-Arabic numeral system,
the decimal system, and the zero.
• The caste system organized Indians into four
classes - the Brahmins (teachers, scholars and
priests), the Kshatriyas (kings and warriors), the
Vaishyas (traders), and Sudras (agriculturists,
service providers, and some artisan groups).
•The Buddha’s life and teachings, such as
honesty, non-violence, and compassion, created a
new religion called Buddhism, which spread
throughout India to Central Asia.
•The Buddha's Four Noble Truths:
1. Life is suffering
2. People suffer because of desire
3. The only way not to suffer is to have no desires
4. The Eightfold Path is the way to end suffering
and end the cycle of reincarnation
•Nirvana, or escape from suffering, can be
obtained by following the Eightfold Path.
•Traders and missionaries carried Buddhism to
other countries.
Which letter on the map above is
the location of the Indus River
Valley and the early civilization it
A location A
B location B
C location C
“Send thy most excellent beams to shine and
light us… Granting us food.”
~from the Rig Veda
According to the quotation, why
did the Aryans pray to the goddess
A for adequate rainfall
B for the arrival of each day
C for sunlight to grow crops
D for salvation
The Hindu caste system states that
A each state must care for its own members.
B people can move easily between castes.
C people who were born into a caste stay there
for life.
D all people are treated equally.
What was most likely the kind of
job performed by the
A jobs requiring skill and education
B jobs too lowly for others to want
C jobs involving the exchange of money
D jobs that needed training