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India PowerPoint 1.237 billion Indo-European Dravidian Austro-Asiatic Brahmans-Priests Kshatriyas-Warriors and rulers Vaisyas-Skilled traders, Merchants, Minor officials Sudras-Unskilled workers Pariahs-Outcasts untouchables The practices and goals of Buddhism and Hinduism have similarities and differences. The Theravada Buddhism is relatively conservative, and generally closest to the early form of Buddhism. However, the more historical or beginning forms of Hinduism and the teachings of Buddha have pronounced differences, as evident in the recorded materials of the Pali Canonn of the Theravada school of Buddhism. The historical Vedic religion, Buddhism, Jainismm, and the Brihadaranyakaa Upanishad, which is considered among the very earliest Upanishads (the Upanishad text was compiled under King Janaka of Mithila), all share a common cultural theme influenced by the north eastern areas of the Indian subcontinent, modern-day eastern Uttar Pradesh Bihar, and Nepal. Reincarnation is the religious or philosophical concept that the soul or spirit, after biological death, begins a new life in a new body that may be human, animal or spiritual depending on the moral quality of the previous life's actions Karma in Indian religions is the concept of "action" or "deed", understood as that which causes the entire cycle of cause and effect. is an ancient Sanskrit term used in Indian religions to describe the profound peace of mind that is acquired with moksha (liberation). Enlightenment refers to the "full comprehension of a situation". It is commonly used to denote the Age of Enlightenment, but is also used in Western cultures in a religious context. It translates several Buddhist terms and concepts, most notably bodhi, kensho and satori. Ganesha, Shiva, Hanuman, Durga are the gods The Noble Eightfold Path (Pali: ariyo aṭṭhaṅgiko maggo, Sanskrit: āryāṣṭāṅgamārga) is one of the principal teachings of the Buddha, who described it as the way leading to the cessation of suffering (dukkha) and the achievement of self-awakening Gandhi believed in non-violence and peace. He practiced being a peaceful leader. He loved to be a friendly person. 1. India is about 1/3 the size of the United States, yet it is the second most populous country in the world, with a population of 1,166,079,217. India is the seventh largest country in the world, at 1.27 million square miles. 2. India is the largest democracy in the world. 3. The Kumbh Mela (or Grand Pitcher Festival) is a huge Hindu religious festival that takes place in India every 12 years. In 2001, 60 million people attended, breaking the record for the world’s biggest gathering. The mass of people was photographed from space by a satellite. 4. Many Indians find toilet paper repellent and consider it cleaner to splash water with the left hand in the appropriate direction. Consequently, the left hand is considered unclean and is never used for eating. To avoid polluting the elements (fire, earth, water, air), followers of Zoroastrianism in India don’t bury their dead, but instead leave bodies in buildings called “Towers of Silence” for the vultures to pick clean. After the bones dry, they are swept into a central well.