Download Objective - Magistra Snyder`s Latin Website

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Zulu grammar wikipedia, lookup

Chinese grammar wikipedia, lookup

Lexical semantics wikipedia, lookup

Modern Greek grammar wikipedia, lookup

Sanskrit grammar wikipedia, lookup

Macedonian grammar wikipedia, lookup

Navajo grammar wikipedia, lookup

Esperanto grammar wikipedia, lookup

Modern Hebrew grammar wikipedia, lookup

Ukrainian grammar wikipedia, lookup

Portuguese grammar wikipedia, lookup

Arabic grammar wikipedia, lookup

Kannada grammar wikipedia, lookup

Inflection wikipedia, lookup

Georgian grammar wikipedia, lookup

Old Norse morphology wikipedia, lookup

Ojibwe grammar wikipedia, lookup

Lithuanian grammar wikipedia, lookup

Scottish Gaelic grammar wikipedia, lookup

Malay grammar wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Greek grammar wikipedia, lookup

Swedish grammar wikipedia, lookup

Udmurt grammar wikipedia, lookup

Old Irish grammar wikipedia, lookup

Yiddish grammar wikipedia, lookup

Old English grammar wikipedia, lookup

Polish grammar wikipedia, lookup

Hungarian verbs wikipedia, lookup

French grammar wikipedia, lookup

Serbo-Croatian grammar wikipedia, lookup

Spanish grammar wikipedia, lookup

Latin syntax wikipedia, lookup

Pipil grammar wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Objective: To be able to pronounce and read Latin with
fluency; to be able to understand the differences and
similarities between English and Latin word order
IX/XIX/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Take out your homework for inspection.
2. If you did not print out a copy of the homework from the website,
take one from the front desk
3. Here is the NEW official website address:
1.
http://magistrasnyder.weebly.com/
4.
Open up your textbook to pg. 15 and finish your translation for the
passage ‘Rōma et Italia’ in your notebook.
5. COGITATE
1. What do you notice about the word order of Latin sentences?
2. What do you notice about the endings of nouns?
3. What do you notice about the difference between plural and
singular verbs?
HW #3- Theogony translation assignment due TOMORROW!
Translate all sentences and
Macrons
• All Latin vowels come in 2 types, long and
short
• Long vowels have a symbol known as a
macron, or long mark, which changes their
sound slightly
– ā = ahh as in calm
– ē = ‘A’ as in pay
– ī = eee as in free
– ō = ‘O’ as in go
– ū = ooo as in glue
Latin Alphabet and Pronunciation
• The Latin and English alphabets are almost
identical with the exception of a couple letters
– The Latin alphabet does NOT have the letters “j”, “u”
or “w”
• The letter “i” in the Latin alphabet can act as a vowel or a
consonant
• It acts as a consonant when it is the first letter of a word (ex.
iam) or when it comes between two vowels (ex. huius).
When it acts as a consonant, it is pronounced “yuh”
• The letter “v” is pronounced like a “w” as in Salvē!
• The letter “c” is pronounced like a “k” like in “can”
Exerceāmus!
Practice saying the following words aloud:
• Salvē!
• Valēte!
• iamdudum
• silvae
• insulae
Objective: To be able to pronounce and read Latin with
fluency; to be able to understand the differences and
similarities between English and Latin word order
IX/XX/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Take out your homework for inspection.
2. If you did not print out a copy of the homework
from the website, take one from the front desk
3. Here is the NEW official website address:
1. http://magistrasnyder.weebly.com/
4. Open up your notes from yesterday and complete
your Latin vs. English word order examples
HW #4- No homework! Quiz on Monday and worksheet due
Word order in English vs. Latin
Latin Sentence
Word Order of
Parts of Speech
Rōma est in
Italiā
Subject, verb,
prepositional
phrase
Italia paene est
īnsula
Subject, adverb,
verb, noun
Est America
īnsula?
Subject, verb,
adverb, noun
Italia paenīnsula Subject, noun,
verb
est.
English Translation
Word Order of
Parts of Speech
Rome is in Italy
Subject, verb,
prepositional
phrase
Italy is almost an
island
Subject, verb,
adverb, noun
Is America an
island?
Verb, Subject,
noun
Italy is a
peninsula
Subject, verb,
noun
Word order in Latin DOES NOT MATTER! Word order in English
DOES! Whenever we translate from Latin to English, we may need to
re-order words in put them back into English word order.
Latin vs. English Word Order
• English word order is rigid. Parts of speech are in
the following order:
– Subject, Verb, Predicate (the rest of the sentence)
– Adjectives the nouns they modify are taken together
• The bright girl reads books
– subject + adjective, verb, predicate
– Adverbs can be in almost any position within a
sentence
• Quickly the girls read books
– Adverb, subject, verb, predicate
• The girls read books quickly
– subject, verb, predicate, adverb
• The girls quickly read books
– subject, adverb, verb, predicate
THEOGONY
• Est nihil in princīpiō. Nomen illō nihilō est Chaos.
Chaos spontāneē advenit.
– In the beginning there is nothing. The name for that
nothing is Chaos. Chaos arrives spontaneously.
• Chaos est abyssus tenebrae. Ex Chaō, Terra venit.
Terra est humus et ager. Nomen Terrae est Gaia.
– Chaos is an abyss of darkness. From Chaos, Terra
comes. Terra is the soil and the land. The name for
Terra is Gaia.
THEOGONY
• Deinde post Terram, Tartarus apparet. Tartarus
cavum sub Terrā est. Tartarus caecus et ater est.
– Then after Terra, Tartarus appears. Tartarus is a pit
beneath Terra. Tartarus is dark and murky.
• Erebus tenebrae in Tartarō est. Tum post
Tartarum Eros venit. Eros est amor. Eros alās
aureās habet.
– Erebus is the darkness in Tartarus. Then after Tartarus
Eros comes. Eros is love. Eros has golden wings.
THEOGONY
• Eros pulcher est. Tum, Gaia Ūranum prōducit.
Ūranus caelum super Terrā est.
– Eros is beautiful. Then, Gaia produces Uranus. Uranus
is the sky above Terra.
• Terra et Ūranus multōs filiōs prōdūcunt. Sed aliī
filiī pulchrī sunt, et aliī filiī taetrī sunt.
– Terra and Uranus produce many children. But some of
the children are beautiful, and other(s of the) children
are ugly.
Compare these verbs…
• Terra et Ūranus multōs filiōs prōdūcunt
• aliī filiī taetrī sunt
PLURAL!
To these verbs…
• Eros pulcher est
• Tartarus apparet
• Chaos spontāneē advenit
Plural verbs end in the letters ‘-nt’
Singular verbs end in the letter ‘-t’
SINGULAR!
List all plural and singular verbs!
• Hint! There are 6 singular verbs and 2 plural
verbs
SINGULAR
PLURAL
•est
•habet
•advenit
•venit
•apparet
•prōdūcit
•prōdūcunt
•sunt
Objective: To be able to pronounce and read Latin with
fluency; to be able to understand the differences and
similarities between English and Latin word order
IX/XIX/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Take out your homework for inspection.
2. If you did not print out a copy of the homework from the
website, take one from the front desk
3. Here is the NEW official website address:
1.
http://magistrasnyder.weebly.com/
4. Find the following forms:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Neuter plural noun: _____________
Future tense verb: ______________
Ablative without a preposition: ______________
Genitive showing possession: _________________
Vocative: __________________
HW #4- Verb synopsis
Review Translatiō
• Quondam puer parvus Pūblius prope Mantuam,
oppidum Italiae, habitabat.
– Once a small boy Publius used to live near Mantua, a city
of Italy.
• Fīlius erat agricolae.
– He was the son of a farmer.
• In agrīs Pūblius nōn labōrābat quod numquam valuit,
sed agrōs, silvās, frūmentum, et equōs amābat.
– Publius used not to work in the fields because he was never
well, but he (used to) loved the fields, forests, grain, and
horses.
Review Translatiō
• In lūdō multōs librōs legēbat, multās fābulās dē
gloriā patriae et dē locīs clārīs Italiae audiēbat,
verba sententiāsque magistrī memoriā tenēbat.
– In school he used to read many books, he listened to
many stories about the glory of his fatherland and
about the famous places of Italy, he held the words
and opinions of his teacher in (his) memory.
• Reliquī puerī in patriā mānsērunt, sed Pūblius,
nunc vir, in urbe Rōmā studia coluit.
– The rest of the boys remained in the fatherland, but
Publius, now a man, cultivated his studies in the city
(of) Rome.
Review Translatiō
• In Forō Rōmānō verba numquam fecit quod
timidus erat et populus eum terrēbat.
– He never made words (gave a speech) in the
Roman Forum because he was afraid and people
used to terrify him.
• Bella armaque semper fugiēbat, concordiam
ōtiumque amābat.
– He always used to flee from wars and arms, he
used to love harmony and leisure.
Review Translatiō
• Agrōs et casam familiae āmīsit, sed auxiliō
amīcōrum recēpit.
– He lost the lands and home of his family, but he
regained (them ) with the help of his friends.
• Magnam grātiam amīcīs semper habēbat.
– He always had enormous gratitude for his friends.
• Amīcōs nōn multōs sed firmōs habēbat.
– He did not have many friends, but (they were)
loyal.
Review Translatiō
• Tum carmina varia dē agrīs agricolīsque scrībere
incēpit.
– Then he began to write various poems about fields and
farmers.
• Tardē scrībēbat multumque labōrābat, sed nōn multa
carmina effēcit.
– He used to write slowly and used to work a lot, but he did
not finish many poems.
• Posteā magnum carmen dē bellō Trōiānōrum et dē
gloriā Rōmae scrīpsit.
– Finally he wrote a great song about the war of the
Trojans and about the glory of Rome.
Review Translatiō
• Audīvistisne dē Pūbliō, puerī puellaque?
– Did you (all) hear about Publius, boys and girls?
• Erat Pūblius Vergilius Marō, clārus poeta
Rōmānus, quī reliquōs poētās Rōmānōs superāvit.
– He was Publius Vergilius Maro, famous Roman poet,
who surpassed the rest of the Roman poets.
• Lēgistis legētisque fābulam pulchram Vergilī dē
Aenēā.
– You (have) read and you will read Vergil’s beautiful
story about Aeneas.
Objective: To be able to complete a present tense synopsis; to be
able to distinguish between active and passive voice
IX/XXI/MMXII
Do Now:
1. Take out your homework for inspection.
2. If you did not print out a copy of the homework
from the website, take one from the front desk
3. Here is the NEW official website address:
1. http://magistrasnyder.weebly.com/
4. What is the difference between the two verbs lēgistis
and legētis in the last line of your Review Translatio?
5. Begin to fill out your Present Tense Formation handout
HW #4- QUIZ: Translatio review and verb quiz Monday
Tense Timeline
1st person singular, laudō (1) – to praise
Imperfect
Pluperfect
“I had praised”
Perfect
“I was praising”
“I used to praise”
“I would praise”
Present
“I praised”
“I have praised”*
“I praise”
“I am praising”
Future
Perfect
“I will have
praised”
Future
“I will praise”
How do we form a Present Active
Verb?
-re
PRESENT ACTIVE VOICE: Removed the -_______
from
the 2nd principle part to create your Present Stem and
add Present Active Endings
• 1st conjugation: portō, portāre = to carry, Present Stem =
porta________________
• 2nd conjugation: doceō, docēre = to teach, Present Stem =
doce-_________________
• 3rd conjugation (regular): ponō, ponere = to place, Present
Stem = _______________
pone-• 3rd conjugation (-io): capiō, capere = to seize, Present Stem =
cape-___________________
• 4th conjugation: audiō, audīre = to hear, Present Stem =
__________________
audī--
Present Active Endings
Person and Number
1st person singular
2nd person singular
3rd person singular
1st person plural
2nd person plural
3rd person plural
Present Ending
-ō
-s
-t
-mus
-tis
-(u)nt
Translation
I _____, I am _____ing
you ______, you are
_____ ing
he/she/it ________s, is
_______ing
we ________, we are
______ing
you all ________, are
_______ing
they ________, are
______ing
Present Passive Endings
Person and Number
1st person singular
2nd person singular
Present Passive Endings
-or
-ris
3rd person singular
-tur
1st person plural
2nd person plural
3rd person plural
-mur
-minī
-ntur
Translation
I am _________ed, I am
being ______ed
you are ______ed, you are
being _______ed
he/she/it is ____________,
he/she/it is being
__________ed
we are ___________ed, we
are being __________ed
you all are _________ed,
you all are being
_________ed
they are _________ed, they
are being ________ed