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Midterm Practice
1. According to Soren Kierkegaard:
a. one can only attain the highest truths via natural theology
b. the highest truths can only be attained by an infinite subjective passion that is itself
paradoxical from the objective point of view
c. natural theology is not only useless, but an impediment to attaining religious truth
d. A and B only
e. B and C only
2. According to the video episode “Great Transformations”, if you line up the fossils of whales
and their ancestors in chronological order you can see:
a. the gradual development of lungs instead of gills
b. the migration of the nostrils to the top of the head
c. the gradual develop of a tail which undulates up and down, from a tale which moves
from side to side
d. All of the above
e. A and B only
3. What is Miller's point in raising the example of penicillin?
a. random mutations cannot create beneficial mutations
b. in order to save bacteria from penicillin, natural selection eventually gives bacteria what
they need to become immune
c. the scientific method can allow man to overcome natural diseases
d. since penicillin is becoming less and less effective, the scientific method can only
temporarily overcome natural diseases
e. random mutations can create beneficial mutations
4. According to the video episode “Great Transformations”, the genetic explanation for why
different animal species all resemble one another is:
a. all animals species use the same set of genes to build their bodies, inherited from a
common ancestor
b. since all animals can be traced to a common ancestor, it makes sense that their bodies
would resemble one another
c. there are only one general way that genes can combine to make animal bodies
d. animals of different species frequently interbreed, bringing the species closer to one
another in appearance over time
e. none of the above; it is false that different animal species all resemble one another
5. On the ‘hour model’ of our planet’s history, microbes are the dominant life form for:
the first five minutes
the first fifteen minutes
the first fifty minutes
for the first minute
up until the last second