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Transcript
Capacitors
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A basic capacitor has two parallel plates
separated by an insulating material
A capacitor stores an electrical charge
between the two plates
The unit of capacitance is Farads (F)
Capacitance values are normally smaller,
such as µF, nF or pF
Capacitors

Basic capacitor construction
Plate 2
Dielectric
material
Plate 1
The dielectric
material is an
insulator therefore
no current flows
through the
capacitor
Capacitors
Storing a charge between
the plates
 Electrons on the left
plate are attracted
toward the positive
terminal of the voltage
source
 This leaves an excess of
positively charged holes
 The electrons are
pushed toward the right
plate
 Excess electrons leave a
negative charge
+
+
+
_
_
-
Capacitors
Types of capacitors
 The dielectric material
determines the type of
capacitor
 Common types of
capacitors are:
 Mica
 Ceramic
 Plastic film
Capacitors
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Some capacitors are
polarised, they can
only be connected
one way around
Electrolytic
capacitors are
polarised
Capacitors
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Variable capacitors are
used in communication
equipment, radios,
televisions and VCRs
They can be adjusted by
consumers by tuning
controls
Trimmers are internal
adjusted capacitors
that a consumer cannot
adjust
Capacitors
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These variable
capacitors would be
difficult to squeeze
into your mobile
phone and iPod
Current technology
uses semi-conductor
variable capacitors
called varactors
(varicaps)
Capacitors

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The capacitance in a
varactor is created
when a purpose diode is
reversed biased
Adjusting the reverse
bias alters the
capacitance value
A simple radio receiver
using varactor
http://www.microst.it