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Arecaceae or Palmae
Connor Johnson
Taxonomy:
Kingom:Plantae
Division:Angiosperm
Class:monocot
Order:Arecales
Family:Arecaceae
Description:
The Arecaceae are woody shrubs, vines, or trees comprising about 200 genera and 3,000 species.
characterized by having large or very large leaves, a tall, unbranched stem or by a dichotomous branching
stem. A feature specific to this family is that the stem reaches its growth in diameter before it starts its
growth in height. Palms have no secondary growth.
Monocot:
This plant is found in equatorial tropical
and subtropical areas. The diveristy is
highest in wet lowland tropical forests.
Reproduction:
Location:
Uses:
A large amount of food items come from the coconut palm. ,
fats, oil, wine, and coconut milk are extracted from the drupe,
known as coconut
Several species are, on the other hand, employed in the
production of vegetable fibres. Thatch is a common use, and
vegitable ivory as well as car polish.
Sources:
http://dipbot.unict.it/Palms/Arec_fam.html
http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/carr/arec.htm
Images:
Cultivated, image from San Antonio Botanical Garden. (inflorescence and fruits) - photo: James Manhart
image page from UN Food and Agriculture Organization - Ecocrop
Cultivated, from University of Arizona. (whole plant) - photo: James Manhart
Image source:
http://botany.csdl.tamu.edu/FLORA/imaxxare.htm
Only faminly in the Monocot order
Arecales
Uses flowers to reproduce and the
flowes are small. The fruit may be a
berry or a fruit. The fruit contains one
seed only.
Endangered?
The greatest risk to palms is the
Pests:
deforestation and urbinization of
their tropical climates. At least 100
Raoiella indica, the red
palm mite is a pest of the species are endangered and
recently 9 have become extinct.
palm