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Average 50ºF
75 to 126 cm (30 to 50
Four Seasons: Winter,
Spring, Summer, Fall
Forest Fire, Sunlight
Oak Tree
Tawny Owls
Birch Tree
Flowering Dogwood
Black Bear
Red Maple Tree
Bobwhite Quail
Eastern Hemlock
Witch Hazel
Beech Tree
White-tailed Deer
Sugar Maple
Eastern Cottontail
Blueberry Bush
Red Fox
Gray Wolf
-Among the first biomes to be converted to agricultural use
-Five layers:
-1. Tree stratum
-2.Small tree or sapling layer
-3.Shrub layer
-4. Herb layer .
-5. Ground layer
- produces 6000 Kilocalories of plant tissue per square meter
per year
Temperate Deciduous Forest
Information Sheet on Temperate Deciduous Forests
Temperature: average- 75°F (24°C) - 86°F (30°C), depending on altitude.
Precipitation: average- 2 to 5 feet (0.5-1.5 m) each year (rain and snow).
humidity average- 60% to 80%.
Solar Insulation: 4 Seasons -> Winter- plants and trees become dormant.
-> Spring- leaves grow back and photosynthesis begins
-> Summer- sun creates energy for plants and
heavy growth occurs.
-> Fall- the chlorophyll begin to decompose which
is reason for leave color changes.
Limiting Factors: Limited growth season- 6 months in a year growing takes place.
Growth is limited the other months because of temperature induced drought.
Animals and Plants
Burning Bush
Fringe Tree
Fragrant Sumac
Hop Hornbean
Oak- Bur, White,
Paw Paw
Sweet Gum
Food Chain
…are eaten by…
Primary Producer: Shrubs
…are eaten by…
Primary Consumer: Rabbit
Secondary Consumer: Fox
… are
Tertiary Consumer:
Black Bear
Interesting Facts
5 Layers to a Temperate Deciduous Forest
1.Tree Stratum
2. Small Tree/ Sapling
3. Shrub
Location: Europe: British Isles and France through central and eastern Europe
East Asia: the Russian far East, Manchuria, Korea and Japan.
North America: Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean and south to the Gulf of Mexico.
4. Herb
5. Ground
According to the IWC Habitat Awareness Board, Racky at Risk says….
… there are many threats to the Temperate Deciduous forest, here is a list of some:
1- air pollutants from fuel burned are destroying the environments.
2- acid rain is destroying the forests causing plants to make less seeds
3- human occupation
4- forest fires
5- mining destroys the land
These threats are causing the
forests and animals population
to decrease. This biome is the
most altered in the world and if
not stopped future generations
of animals and trees will have
no home