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Marine Biome 2nd block Honors Biology By: Madison Autumn Breanna You can find the marine biome in any ocean or salt water habitat. There are seven major oceans that make up most of the marine biome. These include the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Artic and many more. Unique fact: The marine biome makes up 70% of the earths water. Precipitation and Climate • • The average precipitation in the marine biome is 60 to 250 inches. The average temperature in the marine biome is 20 to 30 degrees Fahrenheit in deep places. The temperature gets warmer as you move towards the equator and closer to the surface. Unique fact: The precipitation and climate effects the organisms habitats that live in the marine biome. Growing season • The growing season in the marine biome isn’t like that of the terrestrial biomes. • Since all plants are under water they grow year round. Unique fact: The plants are always growing in the marine biome. Plants • In the marine biome you can find a variety of different plants. Some of these include coral reefs, kelp, algae, sea grass, and phytoplankton. Unique fact: Plants in the marine biome are homes to thousands of living organisms. Coral reefs • Coral reefs can be divided into two main types: shelf reefs and oceanic reefs • Shelf reefs are fringing reefs, platform reefs, and barrier reefs. • Oceanic reefs are found off the continental shelf growing around the margins of volcanic islands. Unique fact: Coral reefs support a greater number of fish and invertebrate species than any other ocean ecosystem. Algae • Algae much like coral reefs can be divided into different types which are green algae and red coralline algae. • Green Algae is able to survive in marine and fresh water, damp soil, or snow and ice. • Red Coralline Algae has the ability to incorporate calcium carbonate into their cell walls, this gives their bodies a rigid appearance and texture. Unique fact: Some algae may look and feel like carpet. Phytoplankton and Kelp Phytoplankton is a largely unicellular algae that most marine animals feed on. They are responsible for about half of the oxygen on the earth’s atmosphere. Kelp leaves are big brown blades that can grow up to 50 feet. They have been known to grow more than 100 feet long. Unique fact: Kelp can be used to make toothpaste and a variety of other products. Kelp • Laminderia is a smaller type of kelp. It is found along rocky shores. • Kelp houses a wide variety of sea creatures. Unique fact: Some smaller types of kelp can grow to be 15 to 20 feet tall. Sea Grass • Sea grass is an unusual marine flowering plant with long and narrow leaves, often very green. It grows in large meadows that look like an underwater grassland. Animals • There are many different types of animals living in the marine biome. • Some of these include: Whales, sailfish, salmon, dolphins, squid, marlin, and shellfish. Unique fact: There are thousands of different varieties of animals in the marine biome. Whales • Smaller species of the whale are known as the toothed whales which include the sperm whale, killer whale, pilot whale, and the beluga whale. • Larger species of the whale are the baleen whales which includes the blue whale and the humpback whale. Unique fact: The whale is the largest living thing in the marine biome. THIS WAS A PRODUCTION BROUGHT TO YOU BY THE 3 FISHIES: BREANNA AUTUMN and MADISON Unique fact: WE’RE THE COOLEST!!!