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Transcript
Wednesday, March 2, 2011.

The US does not have an official language.
Many people in this country believe, English
should be our official language.
 What do you think?
 What would be the pros and cons of having
English as our official language?

Read page 192 “How are the Americas linked
to Africa?”

Answer the 2 discussion questions below.

Look at the European Voyages of Discovery
Map on page 195 and answer questions 1 and
2.

List one thing you learned from the video on
Friday.

Imagine you are one of first Indians that
Columbus encountered on the island of
Hispaniola. Write a one paragraph letter to
your chief describing your encounter or
feelings about Columbus.


Read page 198 Primary Source “Tenochtitlan”
Answer questions 1 and 2


Page 203 – Look at the Atlantic Slave Trade
map
Answer Questions 1 and 2

Make up work
 Exploration Timeline
 Copy Notes
 Previous Bellringers

Last day of February!!!

Read page 210, Primary Source “The
Encomienda System”
 Answer Questions 1 and 2

Chapter 6/SOL 4 Review Questions
 Page 213, Questions 2,3,5,6,8
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
John Calvin
Da Vinci
Martin Luther
Michelangelo
Erasmus
Sistine Chapel
Predestination
Salvation by faith
alone
d) Humanism
e) Mona Lisa
a)
b)
c)
World History SOL 4

Why do you think Europeans became
interested in exploring new lands?

Who are some of the famous explorers?

What were some of the reasons, mentioned
in the movie, that Europeans began to
explore new lands?

What were some problems faced by the
explorers?

What happened to most Natives in the
Americas after European colonization?
The expanding economies of European
states stimulated increased trade with
markets in Asia. With the loss of
Constantinople in 1453, European
nations fronting the Atlantic sought new
maritime routes for trade.




Demand for gold, spices, and natural
resources in Europe
Want to spread Christianity
Political and economic competition between
European empires
Changes in navigation tools
 Ships
 Compass
 God!
 Gold!
 Glory!

Individually, read the letter from Christopher
Columbus.

After you have finished reading it, partner
with someone and answer the questions at
the bottom of the paper.

Prince Henry the
Navigator
 Pioneer
 Began exploring
southward toward Africa

Vasco de Gama
 Sailed around the Cape
of Good Hope toward
India

Christopher Columbus
 Explored Caribbean in
1492/1493

Hernando Cortez
 1519 – conquered the
Aztecs

Francisco Pizzaro
 1530 – conquered the
Inca

Ferdinand Magellan
 First to circumnavigate
the globe

Francis Drake
 2nd expedition to
circumnavigate the
globe

1577 - 1580

Jacques Cartier
 Sailed in search for a Northwest passage to the
Pacific Ocean

Who is the person?
 Occupation, Who did they sail for?, Time-period




What are they known for?
What was their biggest discovery?
Why are we studying them?
Draw a picture of them at the bottom of your
paper. (more than a stick figure)






Conquistadors
Encomienda
Columbian Exchange
Triangular Trade
Colony
plantations
1st
2nd
3rd
• Migration of colonist to new lands
• Influence of Catholic and Protestant colonists, who
carried their faith, language, and cultures to new lands
• Conversion of indigenous (native) people
1.
Look up each event listed on the timeline sheet
and find the year that event occurred. (write the
year down beside the event)
2.
Once all events have been found, cut out the
pieces and glue them in order on the other paper.
3.
Once you are sure all events are in the correct
order, turn it in to Mr. Miller.

Expansion of overseas territorial claims and
European emigration to North and South
America.

Forced migration of enslaved.

Colonies imitated society and culture of their
parent country

Capital of Tenochtitlan
fell to Cortez in 1519

Many Aztecs died of
small pox after contact
with the Europeans

Largest empire in PreColumbian America

Pizzaro conquered
Incas in 1530.

Most Incans died of
small pox and other
diseases

European trading posts along the coast

Trade in slaves, gold, and other resources
• Colonization by small groups of merchants
(India, the Indies, China)
• Influence of trading companies (Portuguese,
Dutch, British)
BROUGHT BY EUROPEANS



Horses
Cattle
Disease
ITEMS INTRODUCED TO
EUROPEANS



Corn
Potatoes
Tobacco
• Shortage of labor to grow cash crops led to
the use of African slaves.
• Slavery was based on race.
• European plantation system in the Caribbean
and the Americas destroyed indigenous
economics and damaged the environment.
Triangular Trade
Items were exchanged in a
triangular pattern between the
Old and New World.
• Gold and silver exported to Europe and Asia
• Impact on indigenous empires of the
Americas
• Impact on Spain and international trade

Spain

England
Portugal__
France__

What were the motives behind European
Exploration?
 God (spreading of Christianity)
 Gold (wealth including gold, silver, and resources)
 Glory (notoriety, competition amongst nations)

Which country established the most colonies
in the Central and South America?
 Spain

Which two explorers are known for their
voyages around the world?
 Ferdinand Magellan and Francis Drake

What was the main cause of the decline of
the indigenous populations of America?
 Disease (small pox)

What items did the Europeans introduce to
the Indians as part of the Columbian
Exchange?

Horses
Cattle
Disease



Describe the path of the triangular trade.

Study Guide – When completed, show it to
Mr. Miller. You will get credit for completing
it.