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Wednesday, March 2, 2011. The US does not have an official language. Many people in this country believe, English should be our official language. What do you think? What would be the pros and cons of having English as our official language? Read page 192 “How are the Americas linked to Africa?” Answer the 2 discussion questions below. Look at the European Voyages of Discovery Map on page 195 and answer questions 1 and 2. List one thing you learned from the video on Friday. Imagine you are one of first Indians that Columbus encountered on the island of Hispaniola. Write a one paragraph letter to your chief describing your encounter or feelings about Columbus. Read page 198 Primary Source “Tenochtitlan” Answer questions 1 and 2 Page 203 – Look at the Atlantic Slave Trade map Answer Questions 1 and 2 Make up work Exploration Timeline Copy Notes Previous Bellringers Last day of February!!! Read page 210, Primary Source “The Encomienda System” Answer Questions 1 and 2 Chapter 6/SOL 4 Review Questions Page 213, Questions 2,3,5,6,8 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. John Calvin Da Vinci Martin Luther Michelangelo Erasmus Sistine Chapel Predestination Salvation by faith alone d) Humanism e) Mona Lisa a) b) c) World History SOL 4 Why do you think Europeans became interested in exploring new lands? Who are some of the famous explorers? What were some of the reasons, mentioned in the movie, that Europeans began to explore new lands? What were some problems faced by the explorers? What happened to most Natives in the Americas after European colonization? The expanding economies of European states stimulated increased trade with markets in Asia. With the loss of Constantinople in 1453, European nations fronting the Atlantic sought new maritime routes for trade. Demand for gold, spices, and natural resources in Europe Want to spread Christianity Political and economic competition between European empires Changes in navigation tools Ships Compass God! Gold! Glory! Individually, read the letter from Christopher Columbus. After you have finished reading it, partner with someone and answer the questions at the bottom of the paper. Prince Henry the Navigator Pioneer Began exploring southward toward Africa Vasco de Gama Sailed around the Cape of Good Hope toward India Christopher Columbus Explored Caribbean in 1492/1493 Hernando Cortez 1519 – conquered the Aztecs Francisco Pizzaro 1530 – conquered the Inca Ferdinand Magellan First to circumnavigate the globe Francis Drake 2nd expedition to circumnavigate the globe 1577 - 1580 Jacques Cartier Sailed in search for a Northwest passage to the Pacific Ocean Who is the person? Occupation, Who did they sail for?, Time-period What are they known for? What was their biggest discovery? Why are we studying them? Draw a picture of them at the bottom of your paper. (more than a stick figure) Conquistadors Encomienda Columbian Exchange Triangular Trade Colony plantations 1st 2nd 3rd • Migration of colonist to new lands • Influence of Catholic and Protestant colonists, who carried their faith, language, and cultures to new lands • Conversion of indigenous (native) people 1. Look up each event listed on the timeline sheet and find the year that event occurred. (write the year down beside the event) 2. Once all events have been found, cut out the pieces and glue them in order on the other paper. 3. Once you are sure all events are in the correct order, turn it in to Mr. Miller. Expansion of overseas territorial claims and European emigration to North and South America. Forced migration of enslaved. Colonies imitated society and culture of their parent country Capital of Tenochtitlan fell to Cortez in 1519 Many Aztecs died of small pox after contact with the Europeans Largest empire in PreColumbian America Pizzaro conquered Incas in 1530. Most Incans died of small pox and other diseases European trading posts along the coast Trade in slaves, gold, and other resources • Colonization by small groups of merchants (India, the Indies, China) • Influence of trading companies (Portuguese, Dutch, British) BROUGHT BY EUROPEANS Horses Cattle Disease ITEMS INTRODUCED TO EUROPEANS Corn Potatoes Tobacco • Shortage of labor to grow cash crops led to the use of African slaves. • Slavery was based on race. • European plantation system in the Caribbean and the Americas destroyed indigenous economics and damaged the environment. Triangular Trade Items were exchanged in a triangular pattern between the Old and New World. • Gold and silver exported to Europe and Asia • Impact on indigenous empires of the Americas • Impact on Spain and international trade Spain England Portugal__ France__ What were the motives behind European Exploration? God (spreading of Christianity) Gold (wealth including gold, silver, and resources) Glory (notoriety, competition amongst nations) Which country established the most colonies in the Central and South America? Spain Which two explorers are known for their voyages around the world? Ferdinand Magellan and Francis Drake What was the main cause of the decline of the indigenous populations of America? Disease (small pox) What items did the Europeans introduce to the Indians as part of the Columbian Exchange? Horses Cattle Disease Describe the path of the triangular trade. Study Guide – When completed, show it to Mr. Miller. You will get credit for completing it.