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Quiz Review Exploration & Absolutism • Why did European rulers encourage ocean exploration? • They wanted to find new trade routes. • Who did the Portuguese loose control of the Indian Ocean trade to in the 1600s? • Dutch. • What policies did the Ming and Qing dynasties follow regarding foreign trade? • They restricted foreign trade. • Which explorer sailed around the south tip of Africa to get to India? • Vasco da Gama • Which European powers took the lead in sending out voyages of exploration? • Portugal & Spain • What explorer first crossed the Atlantic? • Columbus • How did Prince Henry change the course of Portugal’s history? • Portugal led the way in exploration. • Who took over control of the spice trade from the Portuguese? • the Dutch • What was Japan’s attitude toward trade under the Tokugawa shoguns? • It was isolated from the rest of the world. • Which European power dominated the land along the east coast of North America? • The central region of North America? • England • France • Why did many Spanish explorers travel to North America? • Why did many Spanish explorers travel to the Americas? • To find gold. (GOLD, GOD, GLORY) • What territory did Portugal colonize in the Americas? • Brazil • Who began a vast global exchange that included people, plants, technologies, and cultures? • Christopher Columbus • What resulted from encounters between the Spanish and Native Americans? • The Native American population declined. • The Edict of Nantes in 1598, Henry IV of France granted religious toleration to: • Huguenots (French Protestants) • Prussia and Austria • Peter the Great forced Russians to accept social reforms that would make their culture more like that of: • Western Europeans • In the late 1500s, France was torn apart by religious wars between Catholics and: • Huguenots. • French styles of art, culture, manners, and customs became the standard for European taste as a result of the reign of • Louis XIV. • The Stuart kings’ claims to absolute power were challenged by: • Parliament.