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Transcript
An Introduction to
Infrastructure
Ch 11
Issues
Performance drain on the operating
environment
Technical skills of the data warehouse
implementers
Operational issues such as funding
requirements
Shop standards
Platforms
Source system
Staging area
Application server
Desktop tools
Back Room Factors: The
Database Server
Size: 100 GB to 250 TB



< 100 GB is small
100 to 500 GB is medium
over 500 GB is large
Volatility: what is the nature and
frequency of the update process
Users: the number of users as well as
their level of knowledge
Back Room Factors: The
Database Server
Number of business processes (marts.)


In some cases there may be a separate platform
for each one.
There may be an additional central server for
management roll ups
Nature of use



ad hoc queries from power users
standardized queries
data mining
Back Room Factors: The
Database Server
Technical support: the hardware, the
operating system and the database
engine may all require specialized
support
Software requirements may dictate
platform.
Financial resources
Operating Systems
Mainframes



transaction oriented
complex administration
not parallel
Open system (UNIX) servers

specialized environment
NT servers

relatively small capacities (limited numbers of
processors and less efficient performance)
Hardware
Single processor at a time system
Symmetric Multiprocessing (SMP)



Multiple processors
Shared memory
Common bus
Massively Parallel Processing (MPP)



Multiple processors
Distributed memory
Distributed bus
Performance
Indexing
Physical organization
Caching and blocking
Data distribution
Memory
Chip architecture
Operations
Load window (operational scheduling)
Backup
Relationship with transaction
organization
User support
Change management
Database Engine
Need:
Simple Data Access
Cross-tab Reporting
Fast Response
Database Engine
Relational



Well understood
Include DW support for star joins and fast access
Flexible
Multidimensional (MOLAP)




Extremely fast
Pre-calculated combination facts
Relatively simple
Relatively small (< 10 GB)
Front Room
Configuration of desk-top
Client/Server
Web
Supplemental tools