Review for the Mesopotamia Test “Geographically” where is Mesopotamia ? Between the Tigris & Euphrates Rivers If you were to go to “Mesopotamia” today what country would you be in? IRAQ What is the Sumerian form of writing called? Cuneiform What did the Sumerians write on? Clay Tablets What two (2) things did the Sumerians contribute to society? Wheel, plow Irrigation What is a Phonogram? picture representing a sound What’s a Pictograph??? picture representing a THING What was the center of Sumerian city-life? Ziggurat What type of religion did the Sumerians practice? Polytheism What the heck is Polytheism? Belief in MANY gods Who conquered Mesopotamia from the Sumerians? Akkadians Who conquered the Akkadians? Babylonians Who was the leader of the Babylonians? Hammurabi If you were an Artisan in Babylonian society, which “class” would you be in? Middle Class What do we have to thank the Phoenicians for? ALPHABET Wedge shaped symbols written on clay tablets Cuneiform A mud brick temple located in the middle of the city-state Ziggurat A collection of laws written by the King of Babylon which dealt with aspects of daily life Code of Hammurabi Fair treatment under the law Equal Justice A person trained to write in cuneiform Scribe A centralized society with developed forms of religion, ways of governing, and learning Civilization A city and its surrounding farmland. Each was independent and had its own government and ruler City-State Describe the climate in Mesopotamia. • Hot and dry • Droughts with seasonal flooding What does Mesopotamia mean? Land between the rivers What is the importance of a scribe? Record Who invented the alphabet? Phoenicians Nebuchanezar known for? Hanging Gardens Name innovations of the Sumerians Writing Wheel Irrigation (dikes and canals) Ziggurats Sailboats plow Causes of wars among the city-states Fertile lands and water rights List the characteristics of a civilization • • • • System of Government Stable food supply Social Classes Highly Developed Culture (literature, art, music, architecture) • Writing • Technology • Religion People found in the Upper Class King, government officials, wealthy merchants, landowners, priest, nobles Purpose of the Code of Hammurabi To unite the people of Mesopotamia What made up their irrigation system? dikes, levees, canals, dams, artificial lakes and ponds STUDY FOR THE TEST!