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Transcript
Review for the
Mesopotamia
Test
“Geographically” where is
Mesopotamia ?
Between the Tigris &
Euphrates Rivers
If you were to go to
“Mesopotamia” today what
country would you be in?
IRAQ
What is the Sumerian
form of writing called?
Cuneiform
What did the
Sumerians write on?
Clay Tablets
What two (2) things
did the Sumerians
contribute to society?
Wheel, plow
Irrigation
What is a Phonogram?
picture representing
a sound
What’s a Pictograph???
picture representing a
THING
What was the center of
Sumerian city-life?
Ziggurat
What type of religion did
the Sumerians practice?
Polytheism
What the heck is
Polytheism?
Belief in MANY gods
Who conquered Mesopotamia
from the Sumerians?
Akkadians
Who conquered the
Akkadians?
Babylonians
Who was the leader of the
Babylonians?
Hammurabi
If you were an Artisan in
Babylonian society, which
“class” would you be in?
Middle Class
What do we have to thank the
Phoenicians for?
ALPHABET
Wedge shaped symbols written on
clay tablets
Cuneiform
A mud brick temple located in the
middle of the city-state
Ziggurat
A collection of laws written by the
King of Babylon which dealt with
aspects of daily life
Code of Hammurabi
Fair treatment under the law
Equal Justice
A person trained to write in cuneiform
Scribe
A centralized society with developed
forms of religion, ways of governing,
and learning
Civilization
A city and its surrounding farmland.
Each was independent and had its
own government and ruler
City-State
Describe the climate in Mesopotamia.
• Hot and dry
• Droughts with seasonal
flooding
What does Mesopotamia mean?
Land between the
rivers
What is the importance of a scribe?
Record
Who invented the alphabet?
Phoenicians
Nebuchanezar known for?
Hanging Gardens
Name innovations of the Sumerians
Writing
Wheel
Irrigation (dikes and canals)
Ziggurats
Sailboats
plow
Causes of wars among the city-states
Fertile lands and
water rights
List the characteristics of a
civilization
•
•
•
•
System of Government
Stable food supply
Social Classes
Highly Developed Culture (literature, art,
music, architecture)
• Writing
• Technology
• Religion
People found in the Upper Class
King, government officials,
wealthy merchants,
landowners, priest, nobles
Purpose of the Code of Hammurabi
To unite the people
of Mesopotamia
What made up their irrigation system?
dikes, levees, canals, dams, artificial
lakes and ponds
STUDY
FOR THE
TEST!