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Transcript
Health Concerns
Diet and Health
 There is a relationship between a proper
and healthy diet and the prevention, control
and maintenance of health concerns.
 A doctor should always be consulted if you
have any of the following health concerns.
Anemia – Causes
 There is a severe depletion of iron stores
resulting in low blood hemoglobin
Anemia – Symptoms
 Person is weak and tired. Their mental
state is affected.
 Loss of blood creates a loss of iron.
Anemia – High Risk
 Menstruating females are at higher risk
Anemia – Prevention
 Meat is an excellent source of iron
 Not all ingested iron is absorbed; vitamin C
helps to absorb iron when taken together.
 Fortified cereals have iron added
Colon Cancer – Causes
 Hereditary
 Not enough fiber in the diet.
Colon Cancer – Symptoms
 One of the top causes of cancer deaths in
the U.S.
Colon Cancer – High Risk
 Fiber helps food move through large
intestine
 Insoluble fiber will not dissolve, absorbs
water, contributes bulk, lowers the risk for
cancer
Colon Cancer – Prevention
 Diets should consist of 20 - 35 grams of
fiber a day
 Fiber helps food move through large
intestine
 Good sources of fiber include fruits, whole
grains, vegetables
 Insoluble fiber significantly inhibits the
development of precancerous colon and
rectal polyps
Diabetes
 Type 1 Diabetes
– Child or juvenile diabetes
 Type 2 Diabetes
– Adult Onset
 Hyperglycemia - blood glucose levels are
too high
 Causes damage to the kidneys, eyes, and
other body parts
Diabetes – Causes
 Diabetes affects the body’s production and
use of insulin - making blood glucose levels
abnormally high
 Insulin is a hormone produced in the body.
Diabetes – Symptoms
 Excessive urination and thirst
 Weight loss with nausea, easy tiring,
weakness, irritability
 cravings for food; especially sweets
 vision disturbance; blurred vision
 slow healing of cuts and bruises.
Diabetes – High Risk
 Many people have a genetic predisposition
to acquiring the disease.
Diabetes – Prevention
 Maintaining a healthy body weight helps to
prevent hyperglycemia
 Soluble fiber may improve the control of
blood sugar and can reduce the need for
insulin or medication
 Important to manage carbohydrate intake
through diet and/or receiving insulin
Heart Disease
 Coronary heart disease (CHD) refers to
disease of the heart and blood vessels
 Arteriosclerosis – plaque forms along the
inner walls of the arteries.
Heart Disease – Causes
 Plaque forms along the inner walls of the
arteries
 Saturated fat in the diet is changed to
cholesterol which forms the plaque
Heart Disease – Symptoms
 Severe pain in the left arm and chest
proceed a heart attack.
 Overweight
 Low exercise
Heart Disease – High Risk
 factors increasing the risk:
 genetics, age, high-fat diet (high blood
cholesterol), lack of exercise, stress,
smoking and tobacco use, excessive alcohol
consumption, low fiber intake, low
vitamin/mineral intake
Heart Disease – Prevention
 Decrease consumption of foods high in
saturated fats and sodium
 High sodium/salt foods - onion rings,
pickles, french fries, potato chips, some soft
drinks
Osteoporosis – Causes
 Bones become porous and fragile due to the
lack of calcium
 Bone density is developed during the first 25
years of life. After age 25, calcium
consumption helps to maintain the existing
bone density
Osteoporosis – Symptoms
 Curving of the spine. Bones become
porous. Bones break very easily.
Osteoporosis – High Risk






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A condition manifested in older adults
Females at higher risk
Low-calcium diet
Thinness
Smoking
Lack of exercise
Alcoholism
Chronic steroid use
Osteoporosis – Prevention


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Recommended daily fluid milk intake
children - 2 cups
adolescents - 4 cups
adults - 2 cups
Mypyramid recommends at least 3 cups
Health Concerns