Download Health Concerns

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Saturated fat and cardiovascular disease wikipedia, lookup

Nutrition wikipedia, lookup

Dieting wikipedia, lookup

Human nutrition wikipedia, lookup

DASH diet wikipedia, lookup

Epidemiology of metabolic syndrome wikipedia, lookup

Obesogen wikipedia, lookup

Dietary fiber wikipedia, lookup

Low-carbohydrate diet wikipedia, lookup

Diabetes mellitus type 2 wikipedia, lookup

Thrifty gene hypothesis wikipedia, lookup

Health Concerns
Diet and Health
 There is a relationship between a proper
and healthy diet and the prevention, control
and maintenance of health concerns.
 A doctor should always be consulted if you
have any of the following health concerns.
Anemia – Causes
 There is a severe depletion of iron stores
resulting in low blood hemoglobin
Anemia – Symptoms
 Person is weak and tired. Their mental
state is affected.
 Loss of blood creates a loss of iron.
Anemia – High Risk
 Menstruating females are at higher risk
Anemia – Prevention
 Meat is an excellent source of iron
 Not all ingested iron is absorbed; vitamin C
helps to absorb iron when taken together.
 Fortified cereals have iron added
Colon Cancer – Causes
 Hereditary
 Not enough fiber in the diet.
Colon Cancer – Symptoms
 One of the top causes of cancer deaths in
the U.S.
Colon Cancer – High Risk
 Fiber helps food move through large
 Insoluble fiber will not dissolve, absorbs
water, contributes bulk, lowers the risk for
Colon Cancer – Prevention
 Diets should consist of 20 - 35 grams of
fiber a day
 Fiber helps food move through large
 Good sources of fiber include fruits, whole
grains, vegetables
 Insoluble fiber significantly inhibits the
development of precancerous colon and
rectal polyps
 Type 1 Diabetes
– Child or juvenile diabetes
 Type 2 Diabetes
– Adult Onset
 Hyperglycemia - blood glucose levels are
too high
 Causes damage to the kidneys, eyes, and
other body parts
Diabetes – Causes
 Diabetes affects the body’s production and
use of insulin - making blood glucose levels
abnormally high
 Insulin is a hormone produced in the body.
Diabetes – Symptoms
 Excessive urination and thirst
 Weight loss with nausea, easy tiring,
weakness, irritability
 cravings for food; especially sweets
 vision disturbance; blurred vision
 slow healing of cuts and bruises.
Diabetes – High Risk
 Many people have a genetic predisposition
to acquiring the disease.
Diabetes – Prevention
 Maintaining a healthy body weight helps to
prevent hyperglycemia
 Soluble fiber may improve the control of
blood sugar and can reduce the need for
insulin or medication
 Important to manage carbohydrate intake
through diet and/or receiving insulin
Heart Disease
 Coronary heart disease (CHD) refers to
disease of the heart and blood vessels
 Arteriosclerosis – plaque forms along the
inner walls of the arteries.
Heart Disease – Causes
 Plaque forms along the inner walls of the
 Saturated fat in the diet is changed to
cholesterol which forms the plaque
Heart Disease – Symptoms
 Severe pain in the left arm and chest
proceed a heart attack.
 Overweight
 Low exercise
Heart Disease – High Risk
 factors increasing the risk:
 genetics, age, high-fat diet (high blood
cholesterol), lack of exercise, stress,
smoking and tobacco use, excessive alcohol
consumption, low fiber intake, low
vitamin/mineral intake
Heart Disease – Prevention
 Decrease consumption of foods high in
saturated fats and sodium
 High sodium/salt foods - onion rings,
pickles, french fries, potato chips, some soft
Osteoporosis – Causes
 Bones become porous and fragile due to the
lack of calcium
 Bone density is developed during the first 25
years of life. After age 25, calcium
consumption helps to maintain the existing
bone density
Osteoporosis – Symptoms
 Curving of the spine. Bones become
porous. Bones break very easily.
Osteoporosis – High Risk
A condition manifested in older adults
Females at higher risk
Low-calcium diet
Lack of exercise
Chronic steroid use
Osteoporosis – Prevention
Recommended daily fluid milk intake
children - 2 cups
adolescents - 4 cups
adults - 2 cups
Mypyramid recommends at least 3 cups
Health Concerns