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What is the
Folio (page) of the
Babylonian Talmud
Jewish Information & Education
Beit HaMikdash—Holy Temple in
What is the Talmud?
Berakhot 2A
Babylonian Talmud
The Talmud is a
basis of Jewish
Law. The Talmud
consists of the
Mishnah and Gemara. The Written
and Oral Torahs
was handed down
through the successive generations from the time
of Moses.
The Talmud is divided into 6 seders
(orders) containing 39 different tractates.
1. Seder Zeraim—Seeds (agriculture
and prayer)
at Mount Sinai at the time that the Written Torah was transmitted. The Mishnah was kept in
the oral tradition until it was written down in the
time of Rabbi Judah the Holy (aka Rabbi Judah
the Prince) ca. 130-220CE. It was written down
to help ensure that in the time of duress and
danger that it would survive. The Mishnah is
divided into established law and rejected law.
Established law is the law that was given directly from Moshe Rabbenu who received it
directly from G-d. Rejected law is a side of the
argument that was recorded but rejected as
The Mishnah is divided into six seders (orders).
Seder Kodashim ("The Order of Holy
Things") - Temple, sacrifices, kashrut
Seder Tohorot ("The Order of Purity") ritual purity and impurity
The Gemara is made up of rabbinic commentaries and contain 21 components.
There are two different Talmuds. One is
the Jerusalem (Yerushalayim—also called
the Palestinian) Talmud that was written
by Torah scholars in Israel. The Babylonian Talmud (the one most often referred
to) was written by Torah scholars in Babylon.
Seder Zeraim ("The Order of Seeds") - agriculture and prayer
Seder Moed ("The Order of Festivals") - Shabbat, festivals, and fasts
Seder Nashim ("The Order of Women") - infidelity, marriage, and divorce
Seder Nezikin ("The Order of Damages") - civil
and criminal law, government, and ethics
2. Seder Moed—Festivals (Shabbat,
festivals, and fasts)
3. Seder Nashim—Women (infidelity,
marriage, and divorce)
4. Seder Nezikin—Damages (civil and
criminal law, government, and ethics)
5. Seder Kodashim—Holy Things
(Temple, sacrifices, and kashrut)
6. Seder Tohorot—Purity (ritual purity
and impurity)
The Mishnah was transmitted to Moshe
Rabbenu (Moses our Teacher) from G-d
A Set of the Talmud
Jewish Information & Education