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Pronombres personales del subjeto Personal Subject Pronouns Who is it? What is a pronoun? A pronoun takes the place of one or more nouns, to avoid redundancy (repetition). Pronouns can function as subjects or objects. Subject Pronouns Identify the person that is doing an action. Clarify the person that is doing an action. Agree with the verb that it accompanies. Certain subject pronouns can determine gender. The singular subject pronouns Spanish English Yo I Tú You (informal) Ud. (usted) You (formal) Él He Ella She Tú – “you” familiar (informal) singular Is used with family and friends Is used with pets Anyone who you would treat with familiarity. Usted– “you” formal, singular Anyone who you would treat with respect. Using “Usted” demonstrates respect linguistically. There is no direct equivalent in English (“you” means “you”) The plural subject pronouns Spanish English Nosotros We Vosotros You all (informal) Y’all Uds. (ustedes You all (formal) Ellos They (males or mixed) Ellas They (females) Vosotros– “you all” familiar (y’all) plural Is used with family and friends Is used with pets Any one group who you would treat with familiarity. This is a form that is primarily used in Peninsular Spain. Ustedes– “you all” formal, plural Any one group who you would treat with respect. Using “Ustedes” demonstrates respect linguistically. Counts for both formal and informal groups in the Americas. In Spain, “vosotros” is used for informal group address. What about “it”? There are a few representations for “it” in Spanish, but they are used under specific grammatical circumstances. In order to identify the object that is assigned to the verb simply mention the noun by name. Uses of subject pronouns Deliberately underscore a subject Ella es profesora. Emphasis Yo estoy bien. Clarification with similar verb forms Usted es de Colombia, ella es de Perú. Demonstrate respect linguistically. ¿Cómo está usted?