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Subject pronouns
Spanish I
Chapter 1
The words "I" "you" "he" "she" "we" "you-all" and "they" are called subject
pronouns. Spanish has corresponding subject pronouns. Here's a list of the English
subject pronouns and their Spanish equivalents:
Singular subject pronouns
Plural subject pronouns
Yo = I
Tú = you (friendly)
Usted = you (to a stranger or someone of respect)
Él = he
Ella = she
Nosotros/as = we
Vosotros/as* = you all (friendly)
Ustedes = you all (respectful)
Ellos = they (boys or mixed group)
Ellas = they (only girls)
*The vosotros form is only used in Spain, in the rest of the Spanish-speaking world;
ustedes is used all the time for you all!!!
Subject pronouns are used frequently with an action word or verb in English and in
I am tall.
You are short.
You (formal) are a teacher.
He is handsome.
We are funny.
They are ambitious.
Yo soy alto.
Tú eres bajo.
Usted es profesor.
Él es guapo.
Nosotros somos cómicos.
Ellos son ambiciosos.
Sometimes a subject pronoun replaces a name or group of names in English or
Mike is sincere. He is sincere. Mike es moreno. Él es moreno.
Lola is good. She is good.
Lola es buena. Ella es buena.
Try some practice: change the English pronoun or name to a Spanish pronoun.
1. He ____________
2. Miguel _______________
3. She ________________
4. We __________________
5. You all (friendly) _____________________
6. they (girls) _____________
7. You (friendly) ___________________
8. Maria _________________
9 You and I ________________________
10. Sara and Jen _____________
11. You (formal) ____________________
12. I _____________________
Verbs and conjugation using ser.
ser = to be
There are different “forms” for each verb. In English and in Spanish
we use more than one form of verbs. In English we usually say I am,
you are, he is… In Spanish we use the following…
Yo is the form used when talking about you (first person singular)
Tú is the form used when talking directly to a friend or peer (second
person singular, informal)
Usted is the form used when you are talking about he, she or it (third
person singular) or used to also show respect as you (second person formal)
Nosotros is the form used when you are talking about we, us. (first person
Vosotros is the form used only in Spain!!!! For the plural of you.
Ustedes is the form used when you are talking about other people in plural.
(third person plural)
When you are describing the characteristic of a person, you use the verb
ser (to be). Ser, in its entire forms means: is, am, and are.
Ser : to be
Singular forms
Plural forms
Yo soy
I am
Nosotros somos
Tú eres
you are
Vosotros sois
Él es
he is
Ustedes (Names) son
Ella es
she is
Ustedes Ellos/as son
Usted (Name of a person, ex: Maria) Maria es name is
Soy alto.
Eres bonita.
Maria es baja.
Somos fantasticos.
Pedro y Juan son perezosos.
we are
you all are
(Names) are
they are
I am tall.
You are pretty.
Maria is short.
We are fantastic.
Pedro and Juan are lazy.
*notice, when we are talking about more than one person we, them, us…
We have to add an s on the end of the adjective.