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Subject pronouns Spanish I Chapter 1 The words "I" "you" "he" "she" "we" "you-all" and "they" are called subject pronouns. Spanish has corresponding subject pronouns. Here's a list of the English subject pronouns and their Spanish equivalents: Singular subject pronouns Plural subject pronouns Yo = I Tú = you (friendly) Usted = you (to a stranger or someone of respect) Él = he Ella = she Nosotros/as = we Vosotros/as* = you all (friendly) Ustedes = you all (respectful) Ellos = they (boys or mixed group) Ellas = they (only girls) *The vosotros form is only used in Spain, in the rest of the Spanish-speaking world; ustedes is used all the time for you all!!! Subject pronouns are used frequently with an action word or verb in English and in Spanish. I am tall. You are short. You (formal) are a teacher. He is handsome. We are funny. They are ambitious. Yo soy alto. Tú eres bajo. Usted es profesor. Él es guapo. Nosotros somos cómicos. Ellos son ambiciosos. Sometimes a subject pronoun replaces a name or group of names in English or Spanish. Mike is sincere. He is sincere. Mike es moreno. Él es moreno. Lola is good. She is good. Lola es buena. Ella es buena. Try some practice: change the English pronoun or name to a Spanish pronoun. 1. He ____________ 2. Miguel _______________ 3. She ________________ 4. We __________________ 5. You all (friendly) _____________________ 6. they (girls) _____________ 7. You (friendly) ___________________ 8. Maria _________________ 9 You and I ________________________ 10. Sara and Jen _____________ 11. You (formal) ____________________ 12. I _____________________ Verbs and conjugation using ser. Información: verbos ser = to be There are different “forms” for each verb. In English and in Spanish we use more than one form of verbs. In English we usually say I am, you are, he is… In Spanish we use the following… Yo is the form used when talking about you (first person singular) Tú is the form used when talking directly to a friend or peer (second person singular, informal) Usted is the form used when you are talking about he, she or it (third person singular) or used to also show respect as you (second person formal) Nosotros is the form used when you are talking about we, us. (first person plural) Vosotros is the form used only in Spain!!!! For the plural of you. Ustedes is the form used when you are talking about other people in plural. (third person plural) When you are describing the characteristic of a person, you use the verb ser (to be). Ser, in its entire forms means: is, am, and are. Ser : to be Singular forms Plural forms Yo Yo soy I am Nosotros somos Tú Tú eres you are Vosotros sois Usted Él es he is Ustedes (Names) son Usted Ella es she is Ustedes Ellos/as son Usted (Name of a person, ex: Maria) Maria es name is Ejemplos: Soy alto. Eres bonita. Maria es baja. Somos fantasticos. Pedro y Juan son perezosos. we are you all are (Names) are they are I am tall. You are pretty. Maria is short. We are fantastic. Pedro and Juan are lazy. *notice, when we are talking about more than one person we, them, us… We have to add an s on the end of the adjective.