Download Inferior extremeties

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Anatomical terminology wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Anatomy – Cat Dissection
Dissection of the
Inferior Extremity
Table of Contents
Slides 3-6……….Femoral A,V,N
Slide 7 ………..Sartorius
Slide 8 ………..Gracilis
Slide 9 ………..Saphenous A,V,N
Slide 10 ………..Obturator Nerve
Slide 11 ………..Tensor Fascia
Lata
Slides 12-16……Quadriceps
Femoris
Slide 17 ………..LCF A,V
Slide 18 ………..Adductors
Slide 19 ………..Deep Femoral
A,V
Slide 20 ………..Semimem. and
Semitend.
Slide 21 ………..Biceps Femoris
Slide 22 ………..Sciatic Nerve
Slide 23 ………..Popliteal A,V
Slide 24 ………..Gluteus’
Slide 25 ………..Caudofemoralis
Slide 26 ………..Gastrocnemius
Slide 27 ………..Soleus
Slide 28 ………..Tibial Nerve
Slides 29-32……Peroneus’
Slide 33 ………..Peroneal Nerve
Slide 34 ………..Tibialis Anterior
Slide 35 ………..Extensor
Digitorum Longus
Slide 36 ………..Capsule Cavity
Slide 37-57…….Quiz
Slide 58 ………..Answer Key
Femoral Artery, Vein, and Nerve
Femoral Artery

The Femoral Artery takes blood away from the heart to
the medial thigh.
Femoral Vein

The Femoral Vein takes blood to the heart away from the
medial thigh.
Femoral Nerve

The Femoral Nerve sends and receives impulses to the
medial thigh.
Sartorius – Free and Transect

O: Ilium I: Tibia P: Flex Leg
Freed
Transected
Gracilis – Free and Transect

O: Pubis and Ischium I: Tibia P: Adduct the Thigh
Freed
Transected
Saphenous Artery, Vein, and Nerve



Artery – Takes blood from heart to lower leg and foot
Vein – Takes blood to heart from lower leg and foot
Nerve – Sends and receives impulses to lower leg and foot
* A Branch of the Femoral
= Saphenous A,V,N
= Sartorius
Obturator Nerve

Sends and Receives Impulses to medial thigh (Gracilis)
*The left leg is tilted (Picture taken from side)
Tensor Fascia Lata

O: Iliac Crest I: Fascia Lata P: Flex Thigh
Quadriceps Femoris

Composed of 4
muscles :
–
–
–
–
Rectus Femoris
Vastus Lateralis
Vastus Intermedius
Vastus Medialis
Rectus Femoris – Free and Transect

O: Innominate Bone I: Tibia P: Extends Leg
Transected
Freed
Vastus Lateralis – Expose

O: Femur I: Tibia P: Extends Leg
*
Cat horizontal- picture taken from side
* Rectus Femoris Transected
Vastus Intermedius – Expose

O: Femur I: Tibia P: Extends Leg
* Rectus Femoris Transected
*Cat horizontal- picture taken from side
Vastus Medialis – Expose

O: Femur I: Tibia P: Extends Leg
*Cat horizontal- picture taken from side* Rectus Femoris Transected
*Cat vertical as in example ^
Lateral Circumflex Femoral A,V


Artery – Takes blood from heart to quadriceps femoris muscle mass
Vein – Takes blood to heart from quadriceps femoris muscle mass
* A Branch of the Femoral
= Rect. Fem.
= LCF A,V
Adductor Longus and Femoris 

Expose
Longus - O: Pubis I: Femur P: Adduct the Thigh
Femoris - O: Pubis and Ischium I: Linea Aspera P: Adduct the Thigh
Deep Femoral Artery and Vein

Artery – Takes blood from
heart to adductors

Vein – Takes blood to heart
from adductors
* A Branch of the Femoral
This blood vessel, deep to the
adductors, can be found between
the Adductor Longus and the
Vastus Medialis.
Semimembranosus, Semitendinosus 

Expose
Semimem. - O: Ischium I: Medial aspect of Tibia P: Flex the Leg
Semitend. - O: Ischium I: Medial aspect of Tibia P: Flex the Leg
Biceps Femoris –

Free and Transect
O: Ischium I: Tibia and Fibula P: Flex the Leg
Freed
Transected
Sciatic Nerve

Sends and receives
impulses to the
posterior muscles of
the thigh (Biceps
Femoris)
Popliteal Artery and Vein

Artery – Takes blood from
heart to the back of the knee

Vein – Takes blood to heart
from back of the knee
*Branches off of the Deep
Femoral
Gluteus Medius, Gluteus Maximus 

Medius - O: Ilium I: Femur P: Abduct Thigh
Maximus. - O: Sacral Vertebrae I: Femur P: Abduct Thigh
Gluteus Max
Expose
Caudofemoralis

O: Caudal Vertebrae I: Patella P: Abduct Thigh
= Gluteus Maximus
= Biceps Femoris
Gastrocnemius

O: Lateral and Medial Popliteal Surface of Femur I: Calcaneous P:
Extends the Foot
Soleus

O: Posterior Aspect of Tibia I: Calcaneous P: Extends
the Foot
Tibial Nerve

Sends and receives impulses to the posterior lower leg.
(Tibia)
Peroneus Brevis, Longus, Tertius
Peroneus Brevis

O: Fibula I: Metatarsals P: Extends Foot
Peroneus Tertius

O: Fibula I: Phalanges P: Extends Foot
Peroneus Longus

O: Fibula I: Metatarsals P: Pronates Foot
Peroneal Nerve
The Peroneal Nerve sends and receives
impulses to the anterior and lateral lower
leg muscles (shin area).
It is a branch of the Sciatic Nerve
Tibialis Anterior

O: Tibia I: Phalanges P: Flex Foot
Extensor Digitorum Longus

O: Femur I: Phalanges P: Extends the Toes
Capsule Cavity
In the knee; houses the quadriceps tendon, synovial
membrane, crossed ligaments, and semilunar cartilage.

Quiz on the Lower Leg
This 20 question quiz is on
the reading and dissection.
Write your answers on
piece of paper.
Question 1
Name this muscle and give the OIP for it.
Question 2
Multiple/Multiple
What muscle(s) were transected?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Biceps Femoris
Tensor Fascia Lata
Rectus Femoris
All of the Above
None of the Above
Question 3
Which blood vessel carries blood to and from
the back of the knee?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Saphenous Artery and Vein
Backknee Artery and Vein
Popliteal Artery and Vein
Femoral Artery and Vein
Question 4
This is composed of four (4) muscles. What is
this called and name the four (4) muscles it’s
made up of.
Question 5
What ligament is located between the pubic
tubercle and the anterior superior iliac spine?
Question 6
What holds the Tensor Fascia Lata to its
insertion?
Question 7
What muscle is this? Give the OIP
Question 8
True and False
Is this statement true or false? If false, fix it.
The Lateral Circumflex Femoral Artery and
Vein is located in the Biceps Femoris.
Question 9
a.
b.
How many hamstring muscles are there?
What are the names?
Question 10
Are the tendons of the Semimembranosus and
Semitendinosus more rounded or
aponeurotic in cat?
Question 11
The insertion of the Caudofemoralis is located
between what two things?
Question 12
Where is the Sciatic Nerve located?
Question 13
What muscle in the lower leg (shin area) has
two heads of origin?
Question 14
What tendon connects the Gastrocnemius and
Soleus to the calcaneous bone?
Question 15
The Peroneal Nerve carries impulses to and
from what areas of the lower leg (shin area)?
Question 16
What two peroneus’ insert at the metatarsals?
Question 17
How many muscles are there in the lower leg
(shin area)?
Question 18
What does the Deep Femoral Artery and Vein
branch off into?
Question 19
Where are the Gluteus Maximus and Gluteus
Medius located?
Question 20
Who is the best Anatomy teacher EVER!!?!?!
Answers!!
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
Sartorius – o. ilium i. tibia p. flex leg
A and C
C
Quadriceps Femoris or Quadricep Muscle Mass – Rectus Femoris, Vastus Lateralis, Vastus
Intermedius, and Vastus Medialis
Inguinal ligament
Fascia Lata
Vastus Intermedius – o. femur i. tibia p. extend the leg
False; the LCFA/V is located in the Quadriceps Femoris
A. Three (3) B. Biceps Femoris, Semimem. and Semitend.
Aponeurotic
Biceps Femoris and Fascia Lata
Under the Biceps Femoris
Gastrocnemius
Achilles Tendon
Anterior and Lateral
Peroneus Brevis and Longus
Seven (7)
Popliteal Artery and Vein
The Hip
Mr. Wencley!!
Good Luck on your major lab
practical!!
Made by: Megan Brannon ’07-’08