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AP Biology
Cat Dissection Lab
Name_______________________
Instructions: Identify the following structures. Be sure to take good notes over
their location, function, purpose, etc. The more detail you put into this lab
packet, the more you will learn.
Know the following planes, terms, and movements:
Sagittal plane
Coronal plane
Transverse plane
Superior/Inferior
Ventral/Dorsal
Anterior (cranial)/Posterior (caudal)
Superficial/Deep
Medial/Leteral
Protraction/Retraction
Proximal/Distal
Elevation/Depression
Eversion/Inversion
Flexion/Extension/Hyperextension
Adduction/Abduction
Supination/Pronation
Rotation
Circumduction
External Features: Write the necessary information in these areas.
head
neck
trunk
tail
forelimb
hind limb
Locate the following on the cat and write the necessary information in the space.
external nares
pinnae
nicitating membrane
vibrissae
axilla
perineum
The Skeleton
Define the following :
Axial skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Identify the following structures/bones.
Skull/Cranium: Cranium, orbit, canine, mandible, zygomatic arch
The vertebrae (cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, caudal)
Pectoral girdle (scapula, clavicle, sternum, ribs)
Forelimbs (humerus, radius, ulna, carpal, metacarpal, phalanges)
Hind limbs (femur, tibia, fibula, patella, tarsal, metatarsals)
Muscular System
Identify the following muscles on the cat.
Be sure to write down any notes that you think are necessary.
Note: Most anatomy classes will require you to know both the origin (site of
attachment on part that does NOT move) and insertion (site of attachment on part
that does move) for all the muscles. I simply want you to know the location (and
subsequently the function) for each muscle.
Head, Neck and Shoulders Muscles
Sternohyoid
Sternomastoid (lateral to the sternohyoid)
Cleidomastoid
Masseter
Latissimus dorsi
Triceps Brachii (long head and lateral head)
Pectoral Muscles
Pectoralis major
Pectoralis minor
Xiphihumeralis
Clavotrapezius
Acromiodeltoid
Brachialis
Acromiotrapezius
Levator Scapulae Ventralis
Spinodeltoid
Spintotrapezius
Epitrochlearis
Brachioradialis
Flexor Carpi Radialis
Flexor Carpiularis
Pronator Teres
Pectoantibrachialis
Biceps Brachii
Trunk Muscles
External Oblique
Internal Oblique
Transversus abdominis
Gluteus Medius
Gluteus Maximus
Biceps Femoris
Semitendinosus
Caudo femoralis
Tensor fascia latae
Pelvic/Hind Muscles
Rectus abdominis
Sartorius
Gracilis
Adductor femoris
Adductor Longus
Gastrocnemeus
Soleus
Tibialis Anerior
Iliopsoas
Pectineus
Rectus Femoris
Vastus Lateralis
Vastus Medialis
Semimembranosous
Identify the following structures on the cat.
Be sure to write down any notes that you think are necessary.
A description of the location and function is essential.
The Oral Cavity
Tongue
Palate
Epiglottis
Trachea
Esophagus
Canine teeth
Incisor teeth
Premolar teeth
The Salivary Glands
Parotid Gland
Submandibular gland
The Abdominal Cavity
Diaphragm
Liver
Gall Bladder
Stomach
Small Intestine
Large Intestine
appendix
ascending colon
transverse colon
descending colon
rectum
anus
Pancreas
Spleen
Kidney
Urinary Bladder
The Thoracic Cavity
Diaphragm
Lungs
Pulmonary Artery
Pulmonary Vein
Bronchioles
Heart
Pericardium
Trachea
Larynx
Epiglottis
Thyroid Gland
Thymus
Veins (blue)/Arteries (red)
External jugular vein
Transverse jugular vein
Right/Left common carotid
Brachiocephalic vein/artery
Subclavian vein/artery
Axillary vein/artery
Aortic arch
Superior/Inferior vena cava
Thoracic Aorta
Renal veins/arteries
Femoral vein/artery
The Urogenital System - Female
Identify the Structure and the funciton of the following organs
Kidneys (extract kidneys and cut one on a coronal plane)
Ureter
Urinary bladder
Urethra
Genital System - Female
Ovary
Horn of Uterus
Vagina
Uterus
Urogenital Sinus
Genital System - Male
Vas deferens
Urethra
Prostate Gland
Spermatic cord
Bulbourethral Gland
Glans Penis
Prepuce
Epididymus
Testis
The Nervous System
Vagus nerve
Spinal cord (do not sever)
Radial nerve
Median nerve
Ulnar nerve
Axillary Nerve
Intercostal nerves
Phrenic nerve (to the diaphragm)
Peroneal (fibular) nerve
Femoral nerve
Sciatic nerve
Nervous System – Other parts
Eyes (extract and analyze)
Ears
Extra-Credit: Removal or brain and spinal column intact (up to 10 pts.)